Edward Lee (IIT): Copyright, Death, and Taxes. Has secularisation eroded our understanding of history? Gauging gender: Solving the puzzles of human sexuality will require an interdisciplinary approach involving both the sciences and the humanities. From Vox, a look at how Germany could save the euro; and the Eurozone could come to tatters temporarily, but the European ideal is so powerful that crisis and division will not permanently prevail. Europe against the Left: It is hard to overstate the novelty of the European Union. The camp is the world: Luis Moreno-Caballud and Marina Sitrin on connecting the Occupy movements and the Spanish May 15th Movement. The rise of cryptofascist Hollywood: Fans were shocked when Batman writer Frank Miller furiously attacked the Occupy movement; they shouldn't have been, says Rick Moody — he was just voicing Hollywood's unspoken values. Kropotkin's heirs apparent: Alan Ryan on Occupy Wall Street, a refreshingly rational anarchist movement. Introductio ad absurdum: Nick Skiadopolous on the merits of a militant abstinence (and part 2 and part 3). Is Superman a Democrat? Haley Sweetland Edwards writes on politics and superheroes. The Michael Walzer Affair: An excerpt from Unjust Honoris Causa: Chronicle of a Most Peculiar Academic Dishonor by Aleksandar Jokic and Milan Brdar. The introduction to Enigmas of Identity by Peter Brooks. Keep smiling — the world is doing fine, say American authors.

J. David Velleman (NYU): Virtual Selves. Johanna T. Sprondel (Humboldt), Thiemo Breyer (Heidelberg), and Maren Wehrle (Freiburg): Cyberanthropology: Being Human on the Internet. Antonio A. Casilli (Telecom ParisTech): Bums, Bridges, and Primates: Some Elements for a Sociology of Online Interactions. From First Monday, Lee Knuttila (York): User Unknown: 4chan, Anonymity and Contingency; and Robert W. Gehl (Utah): Ladders, Samurai, and Blue Collars: Personal Branding in Web 2.0. A review of Worm: The First Digital World War by Mark Bowden. How to build the great online library: The minds behind the Digital Public Library of America are thinking very big — can they succeed where others have failed? Clive Thompson on why kids can’t search. Cutting the cord: A look at how the world's engineers built Wi-Fi. Felix Salmon on the future of online advertising. Colleges across have started snapping up .xxx domains, but not for the reasons RedTubers would hope. Does Baidu's Robin Li have the hardest job in the world? From Cracked, Daniel O'Brien on the 4 worst things about writing for the Internet; a look at 6 innocent-sounding topics that are guaranteed flame wars; and here are the 5 most overused jokes on the Internet. Internet Memes 101: Here's a guide to online wackiness, the Internet memes you should know. Here is the epic A to Z guide of expressions that should be retired from the Internet (and IRL).

A new issue of Cosmos and History is out. An interview with Gianni Vattimo and Santiago Zabala, authors of Hermeneutic Communism: From Heidegger to Marx. A review of Radicalism in French Culture: A Sociology of French Theory in the 1960s by Niilo Kauppi. A review of The Red Flag: Communism and the Making of the Modern World by David Priestland. A review of Critical Theory to Structuralism: Philosophy, Politics, and the Human Sciences, ed. David Ingram. A review of Marx and the Alternative to Capitalism by Kieran Allen. Is the phrase "critical theory" a useful distinction or unconscious smugness? An interview with Terry Eagleton, author of Why Marx Was Right. Wendy Brown on her book Walled States, Waning Sovereignty. A review of Critical Theory and Democratic Vision: Herbert Marcuse and Recent Liberation Philosophies by Arnold Farr. Before October: Roland Boer on the unbearable romanticism of Western Marxism. Simon Glendinning on Derrida and the promise of democracy. The Age of Occupation: Jon Wiener reviews Eric Hobsbawm's How to Change the World: Reflections on Marx and Marxism. An interview with Ben Agger, co-editor of A Journal of No Illusions: Telos, Paul Piccone, and the Americanization of Critical Theory (and more). Jeffrey J. Williams on the brief, wondrous life of the theory journal. John Riddell on black liberation and the Communist International. A review of Democracy in What State? by Giorgio Agamben et al. Andrew McAfee on why he won't quote Marx. Mary Gabriel on how Marx came to discover the alienation of labor, and on the humble origins of Marxism’s founding document. In the second of his series on Roland Barthes, political theorist Andrew Robinson presents the French author's theory of myths.

From Anarchist Developments in Cultural Studies, Tere Vaden (Tampere): Notes on an Anarchist Theory of Language, or, A Sympathetic Critique of Zerzan's Primitivist Refusal of Symbolic Language; and Leonard Williams and Brad Thomson (Manchester College): The Allure of Insurrection. The aesthetics of evil: A review of Asthetik des Bosen by Peter-Andre Alt. An excerpt from Republic, Lost: How Money Corrupts Congress — and a Plan to Stop It by Lawrence Lessig (and more). Banking's loneliest defender: Bank analyst Dick Bove is very angry, and very afraid — but don't ask him to blame the financial institutions for his ire. Occupy Wall Street is definitely punk rock, Henry Rollins says. JR Fears reflects on the rise and fall of empires. High ratings aside, where's the history on History Channel? Politicians say their religion guides them, so it’s fair to ask: What exactly would a Christian platform look like? It might surprise or even vex Pat Robertson, Bryan Fischer, Jimmy Swaggart and other firebrands of the Christian Right that Norman Lear considers himself a religious man. Audrey Ference sends the bulky solicitations everyone hates — but here's why they work, and the weird things people send in return. Michael Ignatieff reviews Alan Wolfe's Political Evil (and more and more). On the basis of a comparison between Asia and Europe, the anthropologist Jack Goody denounces what he calls “the theft of history” in Le Vol de l’histoire: Comment l’Europe a impose le recit de son passe au reste du monde. Mary H. K. Choi on why the future is so horrifying: Why fast-forward in time when the future holds no succor for current problems? Timothy Ferris on the world of the intellectual vs. the world of the engineer. Here are 4 pieces of relationship advice movies need to stop giving.

The British army is due to be reduced to 82,000 by 2020, prompting claims it will be the smallest it has been since the 19th Century — but if Britain had a small army then, how did it control an empire? The provocative Blue Labour and Red Tory visions for renewal put forth by two academics have the ears of their respective party leaders — and a good deal in common (and more by David Goodhart). What is Blue Labour? An interview with Marc Stears (and more). Frank Bongiorno looks at the growing influence of Labour peer Maurice Glasman on the British opposition party. The first chapter from The Making of British Socialism by Mark Bevir. A review of Scott Hamilton's The Crisis of Theory: E P Thompson, the New Left and Postwar British Politics. The Invincible: During her 11 years at No. 10 Downing, Margaret Thatcher was in her element, remaking Great Britain. George Monbiot on how the “free market thinktanks” and their secret funders are a threat to democracy; and show me the money: We have a democratic right to know who is funding public advocacy. Paul Gilroy speaks on the riots, August 2011, Tottenham, North London. When trust is lost: Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson on the British and their police after the Tottenham riots. The sound of capitalism: Hip hop music was blamed for the August riots, but behind the celebration of “bling” is a culture of entrepreneurship. Through the eyes of a benefits adviser: Deborah Padfield on a plea for a basic income. How could Joyce Carol Vincent lie dead and undiscovered for almost three years? Risk, transgression and substance use: Daniel Briggs and Tim Turner on an ethnography of young British tourists in Ibiza. Paul Collier on how national culture fell into the gutter.

Maximo Langer (UCLA): The Archipelago and the Hub: Universal Jurisdiction and the International Criminal Court. Peter J. Spiro (Temple): A New International Law of Citizenship. Emily Crawford (Sydney): Climate Change, Sovereignty and Statehood. From H-Net, a review of A World Beyond Borders: An Introduction to the History of International Organizations by David MacKenzie; and a review of Unpacking International Organisations: The Dynamics of Compound Bureaucracies by Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjorn Larsson, Frode Veggeland. On international criminal justice: An interview with Andrew Cayley, presently the International Co-Prosecutor of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. Haiti doesn't need your old t-shirt: The West can (and should) stop dumping its hand-me-downs on the developing world. Just what is a just war? Charles Homans on a short history of the "Responsibility to Protect" doctrine. From The American Interest, Jeremy Rabkin reviews The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics by Kathryn Sikkink and Prosecuting Heads of State by Ellen L. Lutz and Caitlin Reiger (and more). The appearance of Viktor Bout, the so-called "Merchant of Death," in a Manhattan courtroom represents a milestone in the long battle to stop the black market arms trade. Charles Kenny reviews Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty by Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo. The wrong moral revolution: David Rieff reviews Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism by Michael Barnett (and more). Is famine a crime against humanity? Christopher R Albon wonders. Why Libya must send Saif Gaddafi to The Hague: Having captured Saif, the colonel’s former heir, Libyan leaders want to set up their own trial — Geoffrey Robertson on why that’s a terrible idea.

From Rationality, Markets and Morals, Deborah G. Mayo (Vermont): Statistical Science and Philosophy of Science: Where Do/Should They Meet in 2011 (and Beyond)?; and David Cox (Oxford) and Deborah G. Mayo (Vermont): Statistical Scientist Meets a Philosopher of Science: A Conversation. The Jihad Museum is dedicated to overthrowing the Soviets, complete with diorama of Soviets being beaten to death with shovels. Why is there such widespread support in DC for a former terrorist group? Print is overrated: David Carr interviews John Paton, who runs the Journal Register and MediaNews newspaper chains, and is trying to reorient the businesses. How have Europeans grown so tall? Timothy J Hatton investigates. Dragon Conned: The sad decline of the American nerd. From New Politics, Betty Reid Mandell on the end of welfare as we knew it. From City Journal, social policy often does more harm than good, says Nathan Glazer, one of the last of the original neocons (and an interview). Think Again — Nuclear Power: Japan melted down, but that doesn't mean the end of the atomic age. Can we increase Gross National Happiness? Peter Singer investigates. Robert Bruegmann on the ambiguous triumph of the “urban age”. Global challenges and the city: Saskia Sassen asks can cities take us beyond asymmetric war and environmental violence. The thrill of defeat for sports fans: Why an epic collapse is the best thing that can happen to them. Charles Pierce on the beginning of the end for the NCAA: Compensating players was just the start — the entire system is about to collapse. Here are 5 sexual innovations from people in your history text books. "Do Not Litter" signs can be counterproductive: When signs prohibiting certain behaviors are blatantly ignored, it inspires others to act in antisocial ways.

John F. Moe (OSU): The Myth of Americanization or the Divided Heart: U.S. Immigration in Literature and Historical Data, 1890-2008. Jacqueline Stevens (Northwestern): U.S. Government Unlawfully Detaining and Deporting U.S. Citizens as Aliens. Jonathan S. Gore and Tyler C. Schnieders (Eastern Kentucky): We Don’t Want Your Kind Here: When People High in Narcissism Show Prejudice Against Immigrants. From Ideas in Action, with states shaping their own immigration laws and courts taking up the issue, experts from across the spectrum discuss what is currently lacking and what is needed in shaping true immigration reform. Immigration and the Left: An interview with David Wilson, coauthor of The Politics of Immigration. The masters of Hispanic destiny: "Do we want to be the next victimized minority group, or do we want to be the next successful immigrant group?" Immigration Upended: Mexican immigrants repeatedly brave risks to resume lives in United States. How do ethnic media say “illegal immigrant”? Hecho in America: Between talk-radio blather and election-season bravado, it's easy to have an opinion about immigration, and easier to forget that people — actual people — pick our food, and fewer have any idea what their world is like. Buddies across the border: Does the United States have a “special relationship” with Mexico? Matthew Yglesias on the economic benefits of immigration. Viewing illegal immigration through desert debris: In the litter scattered across the desert floor, professor Jason De Leon finds truths about the miserable business of illegal immigration. The Deaths Map: Jeremy Harding writes about the war on America’s southern border. From Social Policy, Peter Cervantes-Gautschi on Wall Street and the campaign to decriminalize immigrants. Despite the hype in political circles, statistics suggest that the flow of immigrants without papers has slowed to a trickle — why?

A new issue of Africa Spectrum is out. Camille Sutter (INSEE): State Legitimacy and Famines in Sub-Saharan Africa. Idean Salehyan (North Texas) and Cullen S. Hendrix (William and Mary): Climate Shocks and Political Violence: Is Africa Unique? Nelson Tebbe (Brooklyn): Witchcraft and the Constitution. Debunking myths of pirates: For poverty-stricken Somali gangs, the goal isn’t blood lust or jihad, but profit. A review of The Pirates of Somalia: Inside Their Hidden World by Jay Bahadur. In the infrequent event that mainstream news coverage deals with the Central African Republic, it is almost always in the context of another country’s troubles. A review of Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660 by Linda M. Heywood and John K. Thornton. Can Spanish heartthrob Javier Bardem get anyone to pay attention to Western Sahara? Urbanism on West Africa’s Slave Coast: Archaeology sheds new light on cities in the era of the Atlantic slave trade. Where is southern Africa?: Martin W. Lewis on Botswana and the plight of the San (Bushmen), Botswana’s Tuli Block, on Namibia’s Caprivi Strip, and Lozi (Barotse) Nationalism in Western Zambia. South Africa was once celebrated as a champion for human rights — so why are Mandela's heirs engaging with some of the world's most dubious characters? The sum of Africa’s misfortunes presents a crisis of such magnitude that it goes beyond the reach of foreseeable solutions; Africa has suffered grievously at the hands of its Big Men and its ruling elites. 2011 Place of the Year: Why should anyone care about Sudan? (and more) The hottest mess on earth: Dadaab is East Africa’s overstuffed refugee oasis. Jimmy Kainja on what the Arab Spring can learn from sub-Saharan Africa.

Glenita Amoranto and Natalie Chun (ADB) and Anil B. Deolalikar (UC-Riverside): Who Are the Middle Class and What Values do They Hold? Evidence from the World Values Survey. Ms. Civil Society v. Mr. Unaccountable: How ten years after 9/11 Occupy Wall Street may signify a return to a civil society. Jonah Berger and Baba Shiv are interested in our so-called “drive for distinctiveness” that urge we all feel to not be like everyone else — but how real is this drive? Rise of the Machines: Why we keep coming back to H.G. Wells' visions of a dystopian future. Barack Obama learned a political trick from Muhammad Ali called Rope a Dope — so why aren't progressives celebrating? The story of our holy Constitution: An excerpt from A Tea People's History by Alex Pareene. What happened to the X-rating? Laura Turner Garrison wants to know. Herbert Gintis likes The Soros Lectures: At the Central European University, from "perhaps our only modern public intellectual". Jeff Nilsson on the ad that launched a revolution. From TLS, a review essay on children in the Roman Empire. We are at a dangerous point where commodity worker output can easily exceed the demand for labor. A review of Cultivating Conscience: How Good Laws Make Good People by Lynn Stout. A terrible new drug seduces a generation: They don’t call it being “sent to Siberia” for nothing. David Remnick is arguably the most powerful editor in the world, yet shies away from publicity; Nicholson Baker takes lunch with the man who has returned The New Yorker to its glory days. Alexander Del Mar's view on the origins of money were revolutionary for the 19th century — why have so few people heard of him? A review of The Things that Nobody Knows: 501 Mysteries of Life, the Universe and Everything by William Hartston.