Jonathan A. Neufeld (Charleston): Musical Ontology: Critical, not Metaphysical. Adam Behr and Matt Brennan (Edinburgh) and Martin Cloonan (Glasgow): Cultural Value and Cultural Policy: Some Evidence from the World of Live Music. Deena Weinstein (DePaul): Just So Stories: How Heavy Metal Got Its Name — A Cautionary Tale. When robots write songs: Bach, Coltrane, McCartney — new algorithms can produce original compositions in the style of the greats, but are those works actually art? David Hajdu on how parody videos transformed pop music — for better and worse. The Shazam effect: Record companies are tracking download and search data to predict which new songs will be hits — this has been good for business, but is it bad for music? The end of the iPod: Goodbye to the little box that changed everything. Why do people care less about music as they get older, and why does sad music make us feel happy? Alice Robb investigates. You'd be amazed to learn how much music is disappearing. Dimitry Elias Leger on honoring The Source magazine, once a hip-hop culture staple. Steven Caldwell Brown reviews Assimilate: A Critical History of Industrial Music by S. Alexander Reed. Annie Lowrey on how the music middle-class is getting squeezed. What happened to all the music blogs? Wild Honey Pie embraces a new model. Kim Kardashian may not have broken the Internet, but Psy’s Gangnam Style literally just did. Robin Sloan Bechtel on how Megadeth, Arizona built the Internet.
From De Ethica, Michel Bourban (Lausanne): Climate Change, Human Rights and the Problem of Motivation; Robert Heeger (Utrecht): Climate Change and Responsibility to Future Generations: Reflections on the Normative Questions; Casey Rentmeester (Finlandia): Do No Harm: A Cross-Disciplinary, Cross-Cultural Climate Ethics; and Norbert Campagna (Luxembourg): Climate Migration and the State’s Duty to Protect. Harvard’s David Keith knows how to dial down the Earth’s thermostat — is it time to try? Renzo Taddei (UNIFESP): Alter Geoengineering. Tobias Boes and Kate Marshall on writing the Anthropocene. People don’t work as hard on hot days — or on a warming planet. James West on 2014 was the year we finally started to do something about climate change. How much is climate change going to cost us? David Roberts investigates. Is a climate disaster inevitable? Adam Frank on what astrobiology can tell us about the fate of the planet. If we’re all headed for extinction anyway—AND WE ARE—won’t it be a lot more enjoyable to run out the clock with everyone looking a little more pleasant? Welcome to the latest exciting opportunity in the sights of investors: the collapse of planet Earth. You can download Tropic of Chaos: Climate Change and the New Geography of Violence by Christian Parenti (2011). You can download Minimal Ethics for the Anthropocene by Joanna Zylinska (2014).
From Edge, the latest Annual Question 2015: What do you think about machines that think? Jen Larsen on a cultural history of satirical cartoons and censorship. Hey France, don’t do what we did after 9/11. Roberto Orsi on Europe’s future and jihad. From The North Star, where did Spain’s Podemos party come from, and where is it going? Louis Proyect investigates; and Matt Hoke on an American Podemos (and part 2). Ron Rosenbaum on the radical paradox of Martin Luther King’s devotion to nonviolence: Taylor Branch makes a timely argument about civil right leader’s true legacy. What, to the black American, is Martin Luther King Jr. Day? Chris Lebron investigates. Happy Robert E. Lee Day: Jamelle Bouie on why some states can’t celebrate MLK without remembering the Confederate general, too. Scott Beauchamp on fear, the ultimate trump card: America has a long legacy of dressing up its xenophobia in the cheap costume jewelry of law and order. The real state of the union, in 33 maps and charts. Graeme Wood on why we fear and admire the military sniper: Since long before American Sniper, we’ve had deeply conflicted feelings about the man who shoots to kill. Quad Partners, a New York private equity firm that is invested heavily in the for-profit college industry, and whose founder has aggressively opposed regulation of that troubled industry, has acquired a controlling stake in Inside Higher Ed, which often reports on for-profit colleges and the policy disputes surrounding them.
Frank Harris (SDSU) and Shaun R. Harper (Penn): Beyond Bad Behaving Brothers: Productive Performances of Masculinities among College Fraternity Men. Joel Robert McGregor (Newcastle): Hegemonic Masculinity and Humour in Prison Work. Is a bunch of bearded hipsters dressing like loggers really a crisis of masculinity? Terry Crews says modern day masculinity can be as damaging as the Taliban. How to be a man: Richard Benson on why men need to stop hijacking the feminist debate and carve out a modern definition of masculinity. Caterina Rohde (HSRW): The Male Au Pair: “Doing Masculinity” by Performing Housework and Providing Childcare. Why don’t men care? Caregiving is neither a male nor female responsibility, it’s what helps to make us all human — it’s time we reshaped society and social norms to make equality possible. I do, if you will: Women prefer their husbands to be the breadwinners. The mysterious rise of the non-working man: The economy is not leaving men behind — but it is perhaps leaving manliness behind. Duck Dynasty's success is entirely based on selling a fantasy: Sarah Marshall on the enduring, commercial fallacy of the “authentic” man. Madeleine Schwartz reviews Men: Notes from an Ongoing Investigation by Laura Kipnis.
Jessica Valenti on the male birth control: If you build it, will they come? Harlan Frazier on why male birth control is a million disasters waiting to happen. Testosterone overload: A surplus of men leads to violence, right? It depends on how you look at it, say Ryan Schacht, Kristin Rauch and Monique Borgerhoff Mulder. A study finds men are much more likely than women to take truly idiotic risks that cost their lives. Male brains wired to ignore food in favour of sex, study shows. Will climate change make men extinct? A Japanese study links increasing temperature extremes to a declining proportion of male newborns. Nicky Hudson (DeMontfort): Where Are All the Men? The Marginalisation of Men in Social Scientific Research on Infertility. How did the straight, white, middle-class Default Man take control of our society — and how can he be dethroned? Aaron Ash on the history of bromance, the rise of its popularity, and the divergences between bromance and homosexuality in the human mindset. RIP “mansplaining”: Benjamin Hart on how the Internet killed one of our most useful words. From “mankind” to “mansplain”, the descent of “man”: Britt Peterson on why marking things as manly now means something so different.
George Ciccariello-Maher (Drexel): Building the Commune: Insurgent Government, Communal State. Jennifer Cyr (Arizona): From Cartelization to Collapse: The Demise of the Venezuelan Party System and Its Consequences. Meet Ricardo Hausmann, the academic “hitman” who infuriates Venezuela's president. Nicolas Maduro is facing a new threat from an unlikely place: old-school leftists who accuse him of betraying the socialist legacy that carried him to power. Martin Nilsson (Linnaeus): Bolivia Under the Left-Wing Presidency of Evo Morales: Indigenous People and the End of Postcolonialism? Miguel A. Buitrago (Hamburg): Bolivia's Ambivalent Process of Change. John Otis on how Bolivia's vice president used media to control his image — and that of the government. Climate change concerns push Chile to forefront of carbon tax movement. Deforestation in Brazil is surging again — after years of decline. Jeroen Dewulf (UC-Berkeley): New Man in the Tropics: The Nietzschean Roots of Gilberto Freyre’s Multiracial Identity Concept. Osmundo Pinho (UFRB): The Black Male Body and Sex Wars in Brazil. Diego Azzi on the limits of the “social pact” in Brazil. The decline of the Sarney political family opens the way for a shift in Brazil. When neo-fascism was power in Argentina: Federico Finchelstein on an anniversary few want to remember. Robert Farley on the long shadow of the Falklands War: “Why did Argentina pick a fight with a country that had nuclear weapons?” A look at how South American nations struggle to find new economic model.
Peter H. Huang and Corie Lynn Rosen (Colorado): The Zombie Lawyer Apocalypse (“This article uses a popular cultural framework to address the near-epidemic levels of depression, decision-making errors, and professional dissatisfaction that studies document are prevalent among many law students and lawyers today”.) Do France’s intellectuals have a Muslim problem? Robert Zaretsky on Houellebecq, Charlie Hebdo, and the French struggle to understand how 5 million citizens fit into the Fifth Republic. French hate speech laws are less simplistic than you think; in truth, all liberal democracies forbid some speech. Tim Parks on the limits of satire. Charlie Hebdo meets The Interview: A. Carl LeVan on what political science has to say about issues raised in contemporary political satire. The problem for conservative health reformers is that for all the plans floating around, there's little evidence Republicans care enough about health reform to pay its cost. Why do so many Americans hold views that are completely at odds with, and completely unaffected by, actual experience? Paul Krugman on hating good government. Scott Kaufman on 12 statements by Martin Luther King Jr. you won’t see conservatives post on Facebook. What is it about hackers and sexy selfies? Martin Hirst wonders. Girls goes to Iowa, humiliation ensues: Erin Keane on why pop culture hates MFA programs.
A new Oxfam report says half of global wealth held by the 1%. Meet the 80 people who are as rich as half the world. From the Center for American Progress, the report of the Commission on Inclusive Prosperity, by By Lawrence H. Summers and Ed Balls: Nations need to ensure both that economic growth takes place and that it is broadly shared. From the British Journal of Sociology, a special issue on Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Why have weddings and houses gotten so ridiculously expensive? Blame inequality. In case you wondered why CEOs in the United States make so much money. Is unearned income acceptable? The rich get rich through wealth extraction, not wealth creation — it’s time that was put to an end. President Obama finally has his Piketty moment (and more). David Kamin (NYU): How to Tax the Rich. Charles Kenny on why America needs an exit tax. Richard M. Bird (Toronto): Global Taxes and International Taxation: Mirage and Reality. Danny Vink on how Americans have no idea how regressive their state and local taxes are. Eric J. Brunner and Stephen L. Ross (Conn) and Becky K. Simonsen (Columbia): Homeowners, Renters and the Political Economy of Property Taxation. Arthur J. Cockfield (Queen's): David Foster Wallace on Tax Policy, How to Be an Adult, and Other Mysteries of the Universe. Five critiques of Arthur Laffer's supply-side model show tax cuts as junk economics.
From the Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, Joselito Jimenez (Osaka): Irregular Migration and the Democratisation Process: A Postregular Challenge to the Nation State; Mitsutoshi Horii (Shumei): Why Do the Japanese Wear Masks? A Short Historical Review; and Motoko Tanaka (Miyazaki Sangyo-keiei): Trends of Fiction in 2000s Japanese Pop Culture. Linus Hagstrom and Karl Gustafsson (SIIA): Japan and Identity Change: Why It Matters in International Relations. From e-flux, mutation of the triad: Sabu Kohso on totalitarianism, fascism, and nationalism in Japan. Kristin Surak on the new Japanese nationalism: The nationalist pride and neoliberal economics peddled by Shinzo Abe promise only cheap escape from Japan’s problems. Japan's economy is in a recession — and the U.S. is making the same mistakes. Japan is boosting its economy with a simple idea you won't believe we're not trying. These three words could save Japan’s economy. Paul Krugman apologizes to Japan. Ian Buruma on the Coca-Colonization of Japan. From The Economist, an article on the sad tale of Japan's electronics companies: Eclipsed by Apple — can they recover? Japan’s birth rate problem is way worse than anyone imagined. It is important that women can combine work and family obligations, we don't need more kids: Japan edition. Achieving the 21st century “depopulation dividend”: Peter Matanle on Japan as the world’s research laboratory for a more sustainable future. Why does Tokyo have a rate of homelessness 67 times lower than the largest American city?
Samantha Buckingham (Loyola): A Tale of Two Systems: How Schools and Juvenile Courts are Failing Students. Atoning for a genocide: Diyarbakir, Turkey, once at the center of the Armenian genocide, is trying to make amends — Raffi Khatchadourian reports from his grandfather’s home town. Ashlee Vance on Elon Musk's plan to build a space Internet. Eric Holder bars local and state police from using federal law to seize cash, cars and other property without warrants or criminal charges, the most sweeping check on police power to confiscate personal property since the seizures began three decades ago as part of the war on drugs. Helicopters don’t pay for themselves: Leon Neyfakh on why Eric Holder’s civil forfeiture decision won’t stop civil forfeiture abuse. James McAuley on how there's a model for how France should treat its Muslims — it's how France treats its Jews. Andrew Hammond on Al Qaeda and Islamic State: A deadly rivalry. When ideologies tangle: Borzou Daragahi reviews Confronting Political Islam by John Owen. Todd Krainin interviews Glenn Greenwald on surveillance, reporting, and new fault lines in American politics. Mark A. Rothstein on the moral challenge of Ebola. The museum of the revolution and the museum of modernist art are meeting places for the politician and the artist fighting against the limitations of time and place; we are dealing with a paradoxical phenomenon of avant-garde museology.
Brian Amos and Michael P. McDonald (Florida): Racial Voting and Geography in the United States. Nick J. Sciullo (Georgia State): Richard Sherman, Rhetoric, and Racial Animus in the Rebirth of the Bogeyman Myth. Quayshawn Spencer (Penn): A Radical Solution to the Race Problem. Ted C. Thornhill (Earlham): “If People Stopped Talking about Race, It Wouldn’t be a Problem Anymore”: Silencing the Myth of a Color-Blind Society. Prudence Carter, Mariella Arredondo and Russell Skiba (Indiana), and Mica Pollock (UCSD): You Can’t Fix What You Don’t Look At: Acknowledging Race in Addressing Racial Discipline Disparities. The measuring sticks of racial bias: Even when we have good intentions, we discriminate in ways big and small, as many studies have shown. Sean McElwee on how millennials are less racially tolerant than you think. From Richard Wright’s Bigger Thomas to Ferguson’s Michael Brown: Edward Carson on the reality of indignant forces in post-racial America. From Boston Review, a forum on Ferguson, including an opening essay by Glenn C. Loury on how Michael Brown shouldn't be a poster child for social justice movements, with responses by Danielle Allen, Harold Pollack, Melissa Nobles, and Doug Henwood, among others.
Sam Han (NTU): The White World: The Problem of European Universalism in W.E.B. Du Bois’ Writings on Colonialism. Lewis Gordon (Conn): Race, Theodicy, and the Normative Emancipatory Challenges of Blackness. Lewis Gordon (UConn): Black Existence in Philosophy of Culture. Kehinde Andrews (BCU): Towards a Black Radical Independent Education: Black Radicalism, Independence and the Supplementary School Movement. Christopher J. Lebron (Yale): Between Roots and Routes: On Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic. Barnor Hesse (Northwestern): Escaping Liberty: Western Hegemony, Black Fugitivity. The introduction to The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics by Adam Ewing. Emily Dawson (UCL): “Not Designed for Us”: How Science Museums and Science Centers Socially Exclude Low-Income, Minority Ethnic Groups. How did Western culture get from Shakespeare’s Caliban to Bill Cosby’s Dr. Cliff Huxtable? Bill Benzon on race in the symbolic universe. Christopher A.D. Charles (West Indies): Racial Socialization, Black Identity Transactions, Beauty and Skin Bleaching. Can the anti-racist struggle keep up with racism's capacity to reinvent itself again and again? Yes — we can "recall" anti-racism and adjust it.