How Samuel Huntington’s big idea got misapplied in the Middle East.
John L. Esposito
When Samuel Huntington died late last year, obituary notices and memorial appreciations noted that the former Harvard political scientist was among the most influential thinkers of the late twentieth century. Huntington served as a mentor to a generation of scholars—but unlike them, he also served as an adviser to Washington policymakers. And his most enduring legacy will be the argument known informally as the Huntington thesis: the idea that global conflict stems from the competing cultural identities of seven or eight “civilizations.” This idea gained cachet after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, which dramatically pointed up the encounter between Muslim and Western civilizations that Huntington had stressed as a key emerging conflict.
In the 1993 Foreign Affairs article that
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