From the Journal of World History, Peter Stearns (George Mason): Social History and World History: Prospects for Collaboration; Kenneth Pomeranz (UC-Irvine): Social History and World History: From Daily Life to Patterns of Change; and Merry Wiesner-Hanks (UW-Milwaukee): World History and the History of Women, Gender, and Sexuality; and a review of Economic and Political Contention in Comparative Perspective by Maria Kousis and Charles Tilly.

From the Journal of Ethics & Social Philosophy, Nir Eyal (Harvard): Egalitarian Justice and Innocent Choice. From The Oxonian Review, a review of Amartya Sen's Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny and Kwame Anthony Appiah's Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. From Politics and Culture, a review of Cosmopolitan Style: Modernism Beyond the Nation, and a review of Adorno and the Political by Espen Hammer. A review of Berlin Childhood Around 1900 and On Hashish by Walter Benjamin.

A review of Icons and Power: The Mother of God in Byzantium. A review of Arguing About Gods. With God in His Sights: Christopher Hitchens takes on Gandhi, Billy Graham—and the Big Guy (and an excerpt from God is Not Great).

From Wired, an article on quantum somputing's big challenge: Quantum wiring. Can a seventeen-mile-long collider unlock the universe? Elizabeth Kolbert investigates. Envision This: Mathematicians design an invisible tunnel, an electromagnetic "wormhole" that results from turning invisible sphere inside out. Star Goes Out Big Time: Astronomers track a new kind of supernova, the brightest ever recorded. Polymers Are Forever: There was hardly any prior to 1945, but it may now be the most ubiquitous man-made substance on Earth.

From Discover, is there a genetic basis to race after all? It may not be a question of which genes, but how they behave. Ancient Australians were a people apart: Genetic evidence confirms Aborigines lived in isolation for thousands of years. Sex on the brain: Survey reveals brain differences between the sexes. Research suggests women would endure most pain for a best friend. Does the time of year in which a child is conceived influence future academic achievement?

From Inside Higher Ed, battle lines on U.S. News: 12 presidents call for boycott of survey of reputations, but magazine’s editor says it will survey others if presidents abstain. Cupid and Colleges: Students who truly prefer Tufts over Amherst or Columbia would have a way to show it. Teaching recent history from opposite perspectives: At Georgetown, it's Feith vs. Tenet and policy vs. intelligence. Bush's favorite historian: British author Alistair Horne explains what Pinochet, Sharon and Bush have all taken from his work, why peace means getting rid of the priests, and why Iraq is the wrong war in the wrong place. Hail to the Analysand: Be afraid of the leader who refuses to look in the mirror, Freud argued. And a purple patch on the lessons of history by Barbara Tuchman


From The Economist, an article on the tragedy of the commons: Property rights may be the way to preserve forests. The ethics of land and liberty: How can a person justifiably own something? There are clear moral principles that explain this, although many pundits get confused.

From The New Yorker, since all industries crave foreign markets to expand into but fear foreign competitors encroaching on their home turf, they lobby their governments to tilt the rules in their favor. Usually, this involves manipulating tariffs and quotas. But, of late, a troubling twist in the game has become more common, as countries use free-trade agreements to rewrite the laws of their trading partners. From the Department of Economic Heresy, Alan Blinder on how free trade's great, but offshoring rattles him. Making trade work for everyone: Voters aren’t happy with the reality of free trade—and Democrats are starting to listen.

Quick quiz: Is the dollar weak because Americans think President Bush is a miserable failure? Ignore the black swan: Why are the world's stock markets continuing to rise even though the signs of economic danger are multiplying everywhere? We are regularly taken for suckers by the unexpected. An interview with James Surowiecki, author of The Wisdom of Crowds.

From American Heritage, a look at how illegal immigration was born. From Shovels to Suits: The anti-immigration movement in the United States spans the vigilante border patrols of the Minutemen, the halls of Capitol Hill, the offices of think tanks and foundations, and the Web sites of white supremacist groups. Demagogues are spouting nativist nonsense about immigration, while candidates who know better are avoiding the issue. End of the melting pot? An article on how the new wave of immigrants presents new challenges.

From The American Prospect, don't blame immigrants for poverty wages: The remedy is wage protections, worker rights, and better education and training for both immigrants and native-born workers; false choices on poverty: Why we must address both economics and values; debt, the new safety net: Low-income families are saddled with very high-interest debt. They're not spendthrifts — their earnings are inadequate to fulfill basic needs; and is rising inequality reversible? Politics matters. For a half century, income inequality has fallen under Democrats but risen under Republicans. John Edwards believes a new labor movement is the answer to the country's great divide. Should corporate America be afraid of him? When The Class War Goes Local: In Montana, corporate execs and their GOP allies gather to fight "employee-slanted" policies.

Big business as healthcare reform's unlikely ally: A big-business coalition, breaking ranks with smaller firms, will lobby Sacramento and D.C. to expand coverage to all. Ezra Klein on The Health of Nations: How Europe, Canada, and our own VA do health care better. From Truthdig, Chris Hedges on The Greatest Threat to Choice. And do low-income women have a right to choose? Advocates say the cost of abortion makes it inaccessible to many women — which is why the Dems should be pushing to repeal the ban on public funding for the procedure


From TNR, a review of The Savage Detectives and Amulet by Roberto Bolaño, and a guide to the best foreign novelists you've never heard of. Independent Africa's hopeful infancy: A review of You Must Set Forth at Dawn by Wole Soyinka.

From n+1, a memoir of childhood under Czech communism. A review of Istanbul by Orhan Pamuk. From Sign and Sight, Steppenwolf's archivist Roman Bucheli visits Volker Michels at his Hermann Hesse archive, the "most functional" documentation centre on one of Germany's best selling authors. George Szirtes welcomes a new collection of Primo Levi's mischievous and bitter short stories, A Tranquil Star.

From Salon, an interview with Michael Chabon, author of The Yiddish Policemen's Union, on Jewish identity, Chassids as hobbits, his love of Barack Obama and the joys of writing a Yiddish-Alaskan detective novel. From The Village Voice, the Upper West Side goes to the dogs in Cathleen Shine's The New Yorkers. Richard Flanagan’s stunning new novel The Unknown Terrorist gives us a world headed toward irredeemable disaster. A review of The Pest House: An unlikely Adam and Eve set out in a ravaged America (and more and more and more). Victim returns to crime scene 30 years later, as an author: An interview with Terri Jentz, author of Strange Piece of Paradise.

Poetic science on the passage of time: A review of The Sea Lady by Margaret Drabble. A review of Best New Paranormal Romance. The publisher of Little Pink Slips is marketing the novel as a roman à clef — a kind of Devil Wears Prada for pink-slipped editors. Young Adult Fantasy with a Twist: A review of Un Lun Dun by China Mieville.

Book not ready for print? You can whip up an audiobook for a podcast for now. Book Tourist: Adventures in the magic terrain where readers and writers commingle. The prize bigger even than the Booker: Most literary endeavour ends not in failure. The birth of Cubism may not seem like standard fodder for a graphic novel. But the painting breakthrough is at the heart of The Salon, by Nick Bertozzi.

The taxonomy of stray shopping carts: In developing a book-length classification system for runaway retail buggies, a Buffalo artist strives to illuminate the mundane. And, no, he's not kidding. When the chips are down: A review of Bigger Deal: a Year on the New Poker Circuit by Anthony Holden (and more and more). The Main Squeeze: Though the accordion has been spiraling out of favor for decades, at least one man refuses to turn in the keys.

Banksy Was Here: Lauren Collins on the invisible man of graffiti art. Corporations have been usurping and reshaping Black mass culture for decades — hip hop is just the latest product line. A look at why war has broken out between jazz and hip hop. A review of Pimps Up, Ho's Down: Hip Hop's Hold on Young Black Women by T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting. Cover stories of Rolling Stone: How the iconic rock magazine's covers evolved over 40 years. And here are the 15 best songs that are totally about masturbation


From Der Spiegel, the rules of post-9/11 politics are reversed in Turkey, as a flareup over the prospect of an Islamic president shows. Western leaders are more worried about the Turkish military's intrusion into politics than about the ruling party's Islamic agenda. Genocide is not a fact: A review of La Perversion Historiographique: une réflexion arménienne.

From OstEuropa, democracy or the street? The demonstrations in Budapest in September 2006 marked the culmination of a conflict between Conservatives and the liberal Left. The rift is exacerbated by politicized disputes about the past; and a response: In the Hungarian case, it is not a question of whether history has been instrumentalized by politics, but of whether one approves of how it has been instrumentalized. Alshar, an ancient mine located in the southern Balkans, in Macedonia, is said to contain minerals that are found nowhere else on the planet.

From The Chronicle, what European Century? Euro-optimism has given way to Euro-pessimism. In that climate, the debate should be about which of the Continent's traditions and values can be saved, writes Walter Laqueur. Niall Ferguson on how Tony Blair's simplistic foreign policy landed him in Bush's lap and isolated from continental Europe.

Is Nicolas Sarkozy the French Margaret Thatcher? Although Sarkozy played the nationalist card during the election campaign, the future French president is still regarded as a beacon of hope for the EU., but he faces huge challenges, and the radical political and moral cure he wants to prescribe could instead trigger deep social conflicts in French society. Why Royal flopped: Her loss to Nicolas Sarkozy marked merely the latest in a string of missed opportunities for the Socialists in France.

Progressives' French Lesson: With their European friends in some trouble, American progressives may have both the opportunity and the obligation to find the new formulas. All France was transfixed as presidential candidates conducted a passionate, freewheeling debate this week. Why are American debates so intentionally stupid? From The Politico, what is the purpose of these debates? A look at why humans hate politics; a review of The Trap: Selling Out to Stay Afloat in Winner-Take-All America; and if an Old Boys' Club isn't accepting new members, the next best thing to do is start your own.

Does Oprah's magic touch extend to the realm of presidential politics? Last week, for the first time, Ms. Winfrey endorsed a political candidate, Senator Barack Obama. A review of The Thumpin': How Rahm Emanuel and the Democrats Learned to Be Ruthless and Ended the Republican Revolution. Generational Tensions: The sons and daughters of some iconic Republicans (Ike! T.R.!) are contemplating crossing the aisle. Can Fred Thompson rescue Republicans in 2008? In Orange County, the ex-Tennessee senator, "Law and Order" star and possible '08 contender acts presidential for a night. Jonathan Chait on how Republicans go week-kneed for tough guys. And Michael Barone on the realignment of America

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