From the latest issue of The Trumpeter, Espen Gamlund (Oslo): Who Has Moral Status in the Environment? A Spinozistic Answer; an essay on Wrestling with Arne Naess: A Chronicle of Ecopsychology’s Origins; Ian Prattis ( Carleton): Failsafe in Consciousness: Gaia, Science, and the Buddha; and a review of Endgame: Volume I – The Problem of Civilization and Endgame: Volume II – Resistance by Derrick Jensen.

From Discover, is morality innate and universal? Harvard psychologist Marc Hauser's new theory says evolution hardwired us to know right from wrong. But here’s the confusing part: It also gave us a lot of wiggle room. A review of Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations after Wrongdoing. A review of Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship. A review of From Clement to Origen: The Social and Historical Context of the Church Fathers.

From New York, Learnin’ on a Prayer: Getting religion to get into pre-k. What could possibly go wrong? Ending abstinence-only education is smart policy because it is consistent with what we know about how the human brain grows up. Their Cheatin' Hearts: You call it copying; today's college students call it collaborating. More Americans spend some time in college, and American higher education is the most expensive in the world. What do we want from college, though? A small revolution is brewing that challenges the orthodoxy of college rankings. Rank this, U.S. News: Why Trinity College president Patricia McGuire opted out of the magazine's education rankings.

Dueling Windmills: How two small liberal arts colleges are tackling climate change, one gust at a time. Starving for Social Justice: A hunger strike at Harvard sparks debate over activists’ tactics. The always alert Discovery Institute has let us know that Guillermo Gonzales has been denied tenure at Iowa State University. The DI is shocked—shocked!—at such a decision. Quad Complex: Super Troopers made Paul Soter a big man on campus. Now he wants to graduate. Welcome to Hell: Here's a Real World Guide for Graduates.

Making sense of Einstein — both his science and his personal life: Three takes on Einstein's life, work and politics of the famous physicist. Astronomers have spied a granddaddy of the galaxy—a 13.2-billion-year-old star formed soon after the big bang 13.7 billion years ago. Here's Looking at You, Universe: We are in the golden age of telescopes. The secrets of the cosmos are coming at us. In a 17-mile circular tunnel curving beneath the Swiss-French border, CERN scientists are poised to recreate the universe's first trillionth of a second. A review of In Search of the Shape of the Universe by Donal O'Shea. A review of Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea by Christine Garwood. A review of On an Artificial Earth: Philosophies of Nature after Schelling.

A look at how Alexander the Great laid waste to an island fortress: Shallow water may have given him a solid foundation to build a road, so one of famed military commander's most impressive feats owes a large debt to Mother Nature. Centuries before the George Washington Bridge, the Andes were crisscrossed with suspension bridges. Now students at MIT are learning to recreate them. Liza Dalby's East Wind Melts the Ice: A Memoir Through the Seasons is an anthropologist’s musings on the seasons, culture and other delights. And a review of Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations 


From The Chronicle, how can we work ourselves into such a politically correct dither over Don Imus's language, while still equivocating about gun control after Virginia Tech? Where are our priorities? asks Russell Jacoby. From TNR, Princeton's Christine Stansell on a lost history of abortion; and where are the liberal visionaries on the Supreme Court? Cass R. Sunstein on the Supreme Court's most innovative justice (it's not who you think). More polarizing than Rehnquist: Chief Justice John Roberts won Senate confirmation by vowing to shun ideological activism. Instead, by trashing judicial precedent and legislative statutes, he's reshaping law to fit conservative dogma.

From The New Yorker, social and cultural psychologist Jonathan Haidt talks with Henry Finder about the five foundations of morality, and why liberals often fail to get their message across; and atheists with attitude: Why do they hate Him? More and more on God Is Not Great. Manufacturing belief: An interview with Lewis Wolpert, author of Six Impossible Things Before Breakfast. The Bitterness of Regis Debray: A review of Praised be the Lords. With Jesus of Nazareth, Pope Benedict XVI fights back against the dictatorship of relativism, and an excerpt on The Meaning of Baptism.

From Dissent, is it possible to oppose the death penalty and still be in favor of killing tyrants? Michael Walzer wants to know; Nelson Lichtenstein on Labor and the new Congress: A strategy for winning; and an essay on the state of the unions two years after the AFL-CIO split. Should corporations be democracies? Absolutely not, says Peter Wallison. But maybe union pension plans should be. From In These Times, the Coalition of Immokalee Workers turns corporate social responsibility from oxymoron into reality.

From Business Week, an article on The Poverty Business: Inside U.S. companies' audacious drive to extract more profits from the nation's working poor; researchers are digging deeper to learn more about the high cost of being poor, and its impact on the overall economy; scholars are taking a fresh look at the financial problems of the working poor, and have some new suggestions on how to address them; and study now—and pay and pay and pay later. A review of Blame Welfare, Ignore Poverty and Inequality. An interview with Benjamin Barber on the dumbing-down of adults, faux needs, and saving capitalism.

Economist Laurence J. Kotlikoff suggests that retirees should delay collecting Social Security benefits to maximize their returns. The "Usefully Dangerous" Economist: Mark Levinson on the story of two economists—John Kenneth Galbraith and Paul Krugman. Ben Stein on assorted mysteries of economic life. For better or worth: When it comes to pricing, we might learn from Coca-Cola and Amazon. A review of The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb. A review of Tulipmania: Money, Honor, and Knowledge in the Dutch Golden Age by Anne Goldgar. When Gambling is Good: These markets often predict more accurately than experts. Why? They draw on the knowledge of people who might otherwise be ignored.

From Transit, in a survey of the history of American immigration, Charles Hirschman points out that almost all popular fears about immigration and even the negative judgments of "experts" have been proven false by history. A review of Cheap Motels and a Hot Plate. And Welcome to Start From Scratch, U.S.A.: A town is more than the sum of its cinema and soda fountain. After a disaster, where to begin anew?


A review of Shakespeare Revealed by Rene Weis and Shakespeare the Thinker by A D Nuttall. A review of John Donne: The Reformed Soul by John Stubbs. A review of Samuel Taylor Coleridge: A Literary Life. Saviour and scapegoat: As his collected poems reveal, WH Auden's talent is almost too large to comprehend. Self-pity, doggerel and beastliness: A review of Alfred Douglas: a Poet's Life and his Finest Work by Caspar Wintermans.

Welcome to the Club: Philip K. Dick would be amazed to find himself in the Library of America. That's only one reason he belongs. In a series of three films produced for Times Online, Clive James picks out nine figures from Cultural Amnesia and talks about their lives, thoughts and legacies. Twins Helen and Morna Mulgray say they have always done things together, from becoming teachers to sharing hobbies and now, writing detective fiction. A review of The Fragile Edge Diving and Other Adventures in the South Pacific by Julia Whitty.

A review of Pharmako Gnosis by Dale Pendell: If Homer had been a drug connoisseur, his epic poems would have sounded like this. Who knew Genghis Khan could be so fun? Barbarity aside, Conn Iggulden's new novel Genghis: Birth of an Empire shows the imagination behind the Mongolian Empire. An interview with Michael Chabon on The Yiddish Policemen’s Union.

The secret's out: Stephen King's son has been writing fiction: A review of Joe Hill's Heart-Shaped Box. The dark shadow of the everyday: Patricia Highsmith's superior crime fiction is informed by her interest in the unconscious and her mastery of suspense. Susanna Moore's The Big Girls is a novel about violence in the zones of deepest intimacy, set in a New York prison. A series of deaths at Cambridge University echoes mystery murders from Sir Isaac Newton's time in Ghostwalk by Rebecca Stott (and more). A review of Oscar Wilde and the Candlelight Murders, by Gyles Brandreth. Rupert Thomson's new novel Death of a Murderer examines our secret fascination with the macabre. Most murderers are unaware of even the simplest clues that might give them away. But by thinking like a forensic scientist, is the "perfect murder" possible?

From The Hindu, a look at the destructive processes a writer is subjected to, sandwiched between various patrons. To be lost inside someone else's weirdness is one of the pleasures of reading, especially when there's a mystery that unfolds in a creepy, complex way. The Greatest Mystery? Making a best seller: The advance is usually the estimate of the first year's royalties. When members of the National Book Critics Circle recently picketed the Atlanta Journal-Constitution — protesting the elimination of its book review editor — a war of words broke out between book reviewers and literary bloggers.

Mountain people: A review of Kinfolks: Falling Off the Family Tree: The Search for My Melungeon Ancestors by Lisa Alther. From FT, in Rant, a boy in hillbilly US leaves behind a trail of tales to tell on his path to self-destruction; and a Nigerian in Berlin narrowly avoids losing himself in loneliness and drink in an exploration of love and identity in Goodbye Lucille. More on You Must Set Forth at Dawn by Wole Soyinka. An interview with Helen Oyeyemi, author of The Opposite House (and more). An interview with Jhumpa Lahiri, author of The Namesake. A review of Antonio's Gun and Delfino's Dream by Sam Quiñones: Improbable but true tales of Mexicans who are driven to migrate northward. A review of The Temptation of the Impossible by Mario Vargas Llosa. And on the Literary Life: Look, Ma, no translator! Chilean writer Alberto Fuguet tries his hand at accent-free prose


Pundits think Rudy Giuliani's cross-dressing, gay-roommating, Planned Parenthood-donating past will doom his presidential campaign. But is he pointing toward the future of the Republican Party? How America's mayor scrapped his way to the top of the least popular fraternity on his college campus: An excerpt from America's Mayor, America's President? The Strange Career of Rudy Giuliani. Mr. Home-Wrecker Goes to Washington: Why shouldn't we judge Rudy by his disastrous home life? Six years ago, Judi Giuliani was the other woman. Today, she’s the ostentatiously adoring wife of the front-runner for the Republican nomination. The Yankees' Clean-Up Man: Rudy went to bat for the Yanks, and look what he scored.

Bill Keller on how a vote for Mitt Romney is a vote for Satan. Pulp affection: What Romney's taste for science fiction really means. David Frum has some advice for three leading Republicans. Why rank-and-file Republicans might opt to send a protest message by throwing the '08 fight with a statement candidate. From MySpace to NoSpace: For Republicans, campaigning on the Web hasn’t leveled the 2008 playing field.

Welcome to the age of YouTube politics, where everything you have ever said will be used against you. MySpace Gets Political: Global Empire to host presidential town hall sessions. Here are ideas for improving the presidential debates, but what's wrong with a clutter of candidates? The case for 10-man presidential debates. Michael Bloomberg has fueled speculation that he will run for president by sharpening his national profile and delivering speeches across the country. Let’s face it: This country needs a president. And only one man is fit for the job: Stephen Colbert.

An interview with Frank Rich on the culture of politics. The Matt Drudge primary: How professional political operatives secretly control the news you read about the 2008 campaign. Hint: It involves the Drudge Report.

From NYRB, How Democrats Should Talk: Michael Tomasky on The Greatest Story Ever Sold: The Decline and Fall of Truth from 9/11 to Katrina; Words That Work: It's Not What You Say, It's What People Hear; and The Political Brain: The Role of Emotion in Deciding the Fate of the Nation. A review of Talking Right and George Lakoff's Whose Freedom: The Battle over America’s Most Important Idea. More on The Thumpin': How Rahm Emanuel and the Democrats Learned to Be Ruthless and Ended the Republican Revolution

From Radar, running wild with Mike Gravel: A long-shot candidate has his media moment (and an interview). From The Black Commentator, here are questions for Candidate Obama. From Bloomberg, a look at how Obama's economic brain trust breaks with the status quo. Clay Risen on Barack Obama, hedge-fund candidate. Obama is the only who isn't being forced to spend vast amounts of time and energy these days trying to convince voters of his authenticity.

Senator Clinton’s Strategist in Chief: Bill Clinton is the master strategist behind his wife’s candidacy, but there are potential pitfalls. How can Hillary maintain her populist credentials when Mark Penn, her chief pollster and campaign strategist, also represents the interests of some of America's largest corporations? Bruce Bartlett on conservatives for Hillary (and more) and a look at the problem with Bruce Bartlett's conservative case for the Democrats. And strange but true: Social conservatives prefer Clinton to Romney

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