The first chapter from Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules by Nicholas Bardsley, Robin Cubitt, Graham Loomes, Peter Moffatt, Chris Starmer and Robert Sugden. Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner are to blame for the global financial crisis. The Big Freak Out: Clay Risen on the downfall of the brains behind the Freakonomics phenomenon. The first chapter from Scroogenomics: Why You Shouldn't Buy Presents for the Holidays by Joel Waldfogel (and more). Jessie Kunhardt on 7 great books by economists. Coase vs. the Neo-Progressives: Fifty years ago this month a seminal paper challenged the prevailing intellectual orthodoxy on markets, technology, and regulation — we would be wise to revisit it today. The idea that economics is all about the markets has been challenged by this year's award of the Nobel Prize in Economics. Between euphoria and fear: Has traditional microeconomics ignored the mood swings that drive financial crises? Bernanke’s philosopher: The Fed chairman is portrayed as a follower of John Maynard Keynes, but his real inspiration is Milton Friedman. From The Economist, a review essay on John Maynard Keynes (and more and more). A review of The Provocative Joan Robinson: The Making of a Cambridge Economist by Nahid Aslanbeigui and Guy Oakes. Does economics violate the laws of physics?: The new school of thought known as "biophysical economics" is bringing energy to the dismal science. Converting the Preachers: George Soros launches a $50 million effort to purge economics of its free-market zeal.

A new issue of Cultural Survival is out. Red Skin Cheer: While the Washington Redskins debate is fairly straightforward, the North Dakota Fighting Sioux case is characterized by paradoxes and ironies. A review of Sound Targets: American Soldiers and Music in the Iraq War by Jonathan Pieslak. Is the Internet a tool of tyranny? Nick Cohen investigates. Research suggests Homo floresiensis is a genuine ancient human species and not a descendant of healthy humans dwarfed by disease. What makes good history television? Andrew Marr considers the best examples. A review of The Cartoons That Shook the World by Jytte Klausen. Deep below New York City’s bustling streets lies a dangerous world inhabited by “sandhogs”. A review of Athanasius Kirchers Theatre of the World: The Life and Work of the Last Man to Search for Universal Knowledge by Joscelyn Godwin. A review of Herge: The Man Who Created Tintin by Pierre Assouline. Heard the one about the Mormon stand-up comic? Elna Baker is funny, she's had a boob job and she's just written a book that could see her thrown out of her church. The new Friedrich Schiller revival may be a short-lived and bittersweet affair, in the best Romantic tradition. An amnesiac action hero who battles a mystifying web of enemies, Jason Bourne has outlived his author. In the heavens, as it is on Earth: Proof of the existence of extraterrestrial life may be closer than we think, thanks to a surge of research in astrobiology. A review of The Pattern in the Carpet: A Personal History with Jigsaws by Margaret Drabble. Breast Practices: Why taxing cosmetic surgery is a bad idea.

The first chapter from Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory by Randall Collins. Doctors Without Ethics: American physicians were complicit in the Bush administration’s torture policy. A review of The Ethics of Torture by J. Jeremy Wisnewski and R.D. Emerick. From Harper's, an interview with Derek S. Jeffreys, author of Spirituality and the Ethics of Torture. Spencer Ackerman reviews Stripping Bare the Body: Politics, Violence, War by Mark Danner (and more and more). Terrorist for Sale: Jeremy Harding reviews The Guantanamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of US Detention and Interrogation Practices by Laurel Fletcher and Eric Stover. An interview with Caleb Smith, author of The Prison and the American Imagination. When sadism goes systematic: An article on prison rape as policy. Prison boom, economic bust: As punitive as Americans can afford to be. Behind Bars: Jay Parini on memoirs that testify to prisoners' humanity. Old reports suggesting one-third to one-half of all men are apprehended had flaws, but new studies confirm a high rate (and more). Let them vote: Even society’s worst offenders should not lose the vote when they lose their liberty. Perhaps the greatest obstacle to the American justice system is American culture itself; the problem comes long after legislation, and often long after laws have been enforced as prescribed by the statutes. A review of No Winners Here Tonight: Race, Politics, and Geography in One of the Country's Busiest Death Penalty States by Andrew Welsh-Huggins. A death in Texas: Tom Barry on profits, poverty, and immigration converge.

From New Geography, it's an interesting puzzle: The “cool cities”, the ones that are supposedly doing the best, the ones with the hottest downtowns, the biggest buzz, leading-edge new companies, smart shops, swank restaurants and hip hotels are often among those with the highest levels of net domestic outmigration; and from Mahwah to Rahway: New Jersey embodies the American Dream. In New Orleans, a new kind of house is rising from the ruins of Katrina; cheap, green, and radically hip, it may change architecture for a generation. From Triple Canopy, a special issue on urbanisms, in Salt Lake City’s suburbs, the newest great dead American economy lies in wake atop the rumblings of the last one; and from Thomas Aquinas and John the Baptist to cellular automata and intelligent design: How God taught us planning, and where we went wrong. Five ways to change the world: Here's a guide, idiosyncratic and partial, on how architecture can contribute to social reform. The architect as totalitarian: Theodore Dalrymple on Le Corbusier’s baleful influence. From Mute, as the urban grid of modernity gives way to the web, and architecture cedes to the virtual dynamics of tethered electronics, Daniel Miller cracks open the password protected "post-city". A review of Green Metropolis: Why Living Smaller, Living Closer, and Driving Less are the Keys to Sustainability by David Owen (and more and more and more). Green giants: How urban planners are turning industrial eyesores into popular public spaces. A review of Welcome to the Urban Revolution: How Cities are Changing the World by Jeb Brugmann.

From Workplace: A Journal for Academic Labor, a special issue on academic knowledge, labor, and neoliberalism. One of the great thing about being a college professor is that you don't envy the young. The "Doctor Fox Effect" appears to be more than an illusion — seductiveness affects both student ratings of instruction and achievement. An article on Elliott West, America's top college professor. Her college feminism professor taught her to learn through rigorous inquiry, then Marcia Carlisle died and left her former student to answer the biggest question yet. The banality of academic paranoia: What could have turned his former officemate — a well-liked, model graduate student — into someone so utterly paranoid? A look at why The Prince should be assigned reading for all those entering into Ph.D. programs. Interdisciplinary hype: There's a reason traditional disciplines evolved the way they did. From the producers of race studies, queer studies, and women's studies, fat studies is coming to a campus near you. An interview with Yongfang Chen, Lin Nie and Li Wan, authors of A True Liberal Arts Education. From Minding the Campus, Adam Kissel on The University of Chicago — what's been lost. A review of Education's End: Why Our Colleges and Universities Have Given Up on the Meaning of Life by Anthony Kronman. A review of The Question of Morale: Managing Happiness and Unhappiness in University Life by David Watson. Community colleges are being asked to provide everything from second chances to vocational education; is America ready to help them succeed?

A new issue of the Journal of Third World Studies is out. The Maybe-Baby Dilemma: What to do with unused embryos, a byproduct of a booming fertility business, is a question patients are rarely prepared to deal with. Carl Sagan protege Cliff Mass is changing the way weather is forecasted in America. Love in the Ruins: An essay on practicality and decline. When Barack Obama’s half-brother George releases his autobiography early next year, he may transition from Kenyan bad boy to best-selling author — how are the fellow members of the far-flung First Family adjusting to their sudden associative celebrity? A review of Never Kiss a Man in a Canoe: Words of Wisdom from the Golden Age of Agony Aunts by Tanith Carey. The first time as tragedy: It seems to have become fashionable to quote Marx's famous line from The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon. John de Graaf, co-author of Affluenza: The All-Consuming Epidemic, reports from from the International Gross Happiness Conference. A review of Victorian Fetishism: Intellectuals and Primitives by Peter Melville Logan. A review of Don't Call Me a Crook by Bob Moore. Is this the end for human space flight? Michael Hanlon and Ivan Semeniuk debate. Supergirl's summer costume change — which included concealing shorts under her skirt as she flew about, kicking butt — reveals a lot about our changing superheroes. Walking the Way: A tale of endurance, remonstrance, and remembrance on the pilgrim’s trail in Spain. Welcome to the Age of Metrics — or to the end of instinct. A look at how cohabitation is a sin against social justice.

A review of The Bodies of God and the World of Ancient Israel by Benjamin Sommer. Simon Schama reviews The Invention of the Jewish People by Shlomo Sand. Was Paul a Jew?: A new generation of scholars argues that the apostle long considered the progenitor of anti-Semitism never left his religion. Zion, shall you not beseech: A review of books on Judah Halevi's legacy. The first chapter from Maimonides in His World: Portrait of a Mediterranean Thinker by Sarah Stroumsa. A review of The Other Within: The Marranos, Split Identity, and Emerging Modernity by Yirmiyahu Yovel. An excerpt from Michael Goldfarb's Emancipation: How Liberating Europe's Jews from the Ghetto Led to Revolution and Renaissance (and part 2 and part 3 and part 4). A review of The Emergence of Modern Jewish Politics: Bundism and Zionism in Eastern Europe. More on Why the Dreyfus Affair Matters by Louis Begley. A review of Kristallnacht 1938 by Alan Steinweis (and more). The introduction to From Guilt to Shame: Auschwitz and After by Ruth Leys. A review of Varieties of Antisemitism: History, Ideology, Discourse; and an article on the Internet as the Hatred Super-Highway. In praise of anti-Semites: An excerpt from Is It Good for the Jews? More Stories from the Old Country and the New by Adam Biro. David Goldman on Jewish survival in a gentile world. Birthright: Is giving young Jews a taste of the homeland the best way to save Judaism? Is Judaism Zionism?: Judith Butler on religious sources for the critique of violence (and more). Defender of the People: There’s nothing like a few days in Eastern Europe to bring out the Jew in you.

John Jacob Kaag (UMass): Pragmatism and the Lessons of Experience. A review of Rorty, Pragmatism, and Confucianism: With Responses by Richard Rorty. A review of The Modern Philosophical Revolution: The Luminosity of Existence by David Walsh. A review of Ideas in Process: A Study on the Development of Philosophical Concepts by Nicholas Rescher. A review of The Time of Our Lives: A Critical History of Temporality by David Couzens Hoy. A review of "Yo!" and "Lo!": The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons by Rebecca Kukla and Mark Lance. The I in Me: Thomas Nagel reviews Selves: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics by Galen Strawson. A review of Understanding Naturalism by Jack Ritchie. A review of Reading Bernard Williams, ed. Daniel Callcut. A review of The Engaged Intellect: Philosophical Essays by John McDowell. A review of Living with Uncertainty: The Moral Significance of Ignorance by Michael Zimmerman. A review of Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism by David Wong. A review of Normativity by Judith Jarvis Thomson. A review of How We Get Along by J. David Velleman. A review of Fellow-Feeling and the Moral Life by Joseph Duke Filonowicz. A review of What Is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being by Richard Kraut. A review of Experiments in Ethics by Kwame Anthony Appiah (and more). A review of Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics by Allan Gibbard. A review of The Positive Function of Evil. A review of Why Animal Suffering Matters: Philosophy, Theology, and Practical Ethics by Andrew Linzey.

From Outlook India, a cover story on Mr Chidambaram’s War: How many soldiers will it take to contain the mounting rage of hundreds of millions of people? For better or for worse, India embarked on a path that has today made it one of the world's most unabashedly capitalist places. An interview with Meghnad Desai on books on India. The Economist Syndrome: In India, modernity and tradition don't clash, they meld. English spoken here: Chandrahas Choudhury on how globalization changed the Indian novel. What the censorship of a film about India's founding father shows about New Delhi's cautious relationship toward its own history. The controversy on Pakistan’s founder by a leader of India’s Hindu right-wing party reveals the ongoing tremors of Partition. From VQR, Jason Motlagh on sixty hours of terror: Ten gunmen, ten minutes; "it's do or die"; "no hostages should remain alive"; and "by the grace of Allah". As India still seethes over the bungled rescue efforts, those who survived the 60-hour ordeal reveal the full horror of what happened. Ten months after the devastating attacks in Mumbai by Pakistan-based militants, Lashkar-e-Taiba remains largely intact and determined to strike India again. Much as in India, there is a perceptible divide in the Pakistani media discourse about the nation and its threats. An interview with Farzana Shaikh, author of Making Sense of Pakistan. A review of Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence by Jaswant Singh. Misrule and the modern Mughals: Little has changed for millions across South Asia — if the poor lead lives of grinding poverty, the rich ape the lifestyle of the Mughals. An interview with Daniyal Mueenuddin on books on Pakistan.

From Cultural Survival, a special issue on Brazil. Getting it together at last: Brazil used to be all promise — now it is beginning to deliver. Will success spoil Brazil? Arthur Ituassu wants to know. A review of Brazil Under Lula: Economy, Politics, and Society Under the Worker-President. The first chapter from Insurgent Citizenship: Disjunctions of Democracy and Modernity in Brazil by James Holston. Down Mexico: Brazil-envy is rife in Latin America’s other big economy. The fall of Mexico: The government’s assault on drug cartels has become an amorphous civil war that threatens to bring down the nation. The most violent city on Earth: Ciudad Juarez takes on the drug cartels. An article on Mexico's leftist La Jornada: 25 years of rabble rousing. From LRB, Judith Baker and Ian Hacking walk the highlands of the Andes. Does the "democratisation of culture" in Venezuela under Chavez spell indoctrination? The last revolutionary: Fidel Castro has survived 600 assassination attempts to become the world symbol of anti-capitalism. Castro’s favourite capitalist: Will Sherritt International come to regret dealing with Communist Cuba? Two semi-intrepid travelers meditate (with the help of a great deal of puffing) on the Cuban Communist roots of an American capitalist icon. An interview with Claudio Katz on Latin America, the right and imperialism: "The solution to the crisis of capitalism has to be political". Reflections on a decade of civic revolutions in Latin America: Having concluded that US and World Bank prescriptions failed their region, a new generation of leaders seek economic and social development through homegrown strategies.