Dan Breznitz (Georgia Tech): Ideas, Structure, State Action and Economic Growth: Rethinking the Irish Miracle. Lorenzo Zucca (King's): Crucifix in the Classroom: The Grand Chamber decision in Lautsi. A look at how European Christians don’t want government to reduce income inequality. Eyes to the far right: K Biswas charts the rise of "nativist" populism in Europe. Could the humble potato have spurred Europe’s rise, from 1700 to 1900? Michael Ruse on German culture: Goethe, Wagner, Hitler? A review of Spain: A Unique History by Stanley G. Payne. A True Finnish Spring: A national identity crisis follows an election. As a former punk rock hell-raiser and renowned comedian, Jon Gnarr may not have been the most obvious choice as mayor of Reykjavik in the aftermath of a financial crisis. A review of Immigrant Nations by Paul Scheffer. Marine Le Pen, France’s (kinder, gentler) extremist: She is taking the far-right National Front Party where her truculent father never could — into the country’s mainstream politics. Giorgia Serughetti and Alessandro Lanni on the women of Berlusconi’s Italy. Last December, a Romanian man made headlines when he leapt off a seven-meter-high balcony in the parliament in Bucharest — Adrian Sobaru's protest against the country's austerity measures has made him a hero for some and sparked a debate over Romania's future. Honoring Baltasar Garzon: The Spanish judge who dared to hold brutal human rights violators to account is now fighting for his legal career. The Eurovision Song Contest proves that Europeans are just as tacky as Americans (and more and more). Martin Lewis on the ambiguities of sovereignty in early modern central Europe. Iceland’s Big Thaw: Yes, the country is recovering, by forgetting about banking and rediscovering its essential weirdness — ever try cod sperm?

From the Journal of Social, Evolutionary and Cultural Psychology, Sarah L. Strout (Dominican College), Maryanne L. Fisher and Lesley-Anne Steeleworthy (St. Mary’s) and Daniel J. Kruger (Michigan): Pride and Prejudice or Children and Cheating? Jane Austen’s Representations of Female Mating Strategies; Maryanne Fisher (Saint Mary’s) and Anthony Cox (CCP): Man Change Thyself: Hero versus Heroine Development in Harlequin Romance Novels; and Victoria Ingalls (Marist): The Hero’s Relationship to Family: A Preliminary Sociobiological Analysis of Sex Differences in Hero Characteristics Using Children’s Fantasy Literature. From Improbable Research, a look at the bra inspired by the Chernobyl disaster. The consequences of dinner: Emma Rathbone on how food shapes the U.S. economy and environment. A review of The Militarization of Indian Country From Geronimo to Bin Laden by Winona LaDuke. Who's sucking the most money from the movement? These five Tea Party leaders are nicely compensated for leading the allegedly leaderless movement. A review of Behind the Zines: Self-Publishing Culture. While heavy taxation surely creates some work disincentives, the overall tax level doesn’t seem to be an important determinant of differences in employment hours across the world’s rich countries. A look at how politicians answer questions without actually answering. Red mate, blue mate: Study says married couples select on basis of politics. Comfortably Alone: Social media puts an end to shyness by generalizing its pathology. Is San Francisco next? Tokyo is more likely, says a scientist whose work on aftershocks may revolutionize quake forecasting. Full Disclosure: Norman Ornstein on the dramatic turn away from campaign transparency. Faking it: Can ads create false memories about products? Republican war against the weak: Eliot Spitzer on the brutal GOP campaign to eliminate the collective rights of individuals and increase the collective rights of corporations.

Joel K. Goldstein (Saint Louis): Choosing Justices: How Presidents Decide. Steven J. Brams and Gustavo Camilo (NYU) and Alexandra D. Franz (Cal State-Fullerton): Coalition Formation on the U.S. Supreme Court: 1969-2009. Chad M. Oldfather (Marquette) and Todd C. Peppers (Roanoke): Till Death Do Us Part: Chief Justices and the United States Supreme Court. Keep the briefs brief, literary justices advise: A trove of interviews finds eight Supreme Court justices discussing their influences and the art of legal writing. Eric Segall (Georgia State): Is the Roberts Court Really a Court? Bad Arguments: Ronald Dworkin on the Roberts Court and religious schools and money and politics. Liberals used to think Clarence Thomas and Antonin Scalia were the scariest justices on the Court — then came George W. Bush's appointees. The impunity of the Roberts Court: John Thompson spent 14 years on death row because prosecutors withheld evidence, but the Supreme Court refuses to hold them accountable. The maximalist Supreme Court: What's the difference between "minimalist" conservative justices and the fundamentalists if they always come to the same conclusions? Blind Spot: How reactionary colorblindness has infected our courts — and our politics. New Originalism: Saul Cornell on a constitutional scam. Lawrence B. Solum (Illinois): What is Originalism? The Evolution of Contemporary Originalist Theory. A review of The Language of Law and the Foundations of American Constitutionalism by Gary L. McDowell. Barry Friedman on his book The Will of the People: How Public Opinion Has Influenced the Supreme Court and Shaped the Meaning of the Constitution. Ilya Somin (George Mason): The Tea Party Movement and Popular Constitutionalism. Amend Corner: Why are conservatives, not liberals, fixated on amending the Constitution?

From NYRB, Haleh Esfandiari on Iran’s state of fear. The making of a martyr: Some doubt the story of Mohamed Bouazizi whose suicide sparked the revolution in Tunisia. For all the worries about the region's turmoil, there is also cause for hope in the Middle East. From News & Letters, an article on philosophy and Iran's revolution: Where to now? Iraq is still very dangerous, though not dangerous enough to scare off investors with an appetite for risk. Can Turkey unify the Arabs? As the Arab world struggles with the traumas of its revolutions, something else is at work along connections from the Ottoman Empire. Barak Barfi on how to topple Qaddafi. An interview with Emmanuel Todd on the demographic roots of the Arab revolution. Can nonviolence work in Iran? Ramin Jahanbegloo and Roberto Toscano on the future of Iran's opposition (and more on the dignity of nonviolence in Iran). Tunisia's literary life is blossoming after the end of Ben Ali's dictatorship — now critical works are selling like hot cakes. The next version of Egypt could set an example for the Arab world — inside the struggle to imagine a new state (and more on Egypt’s next crisis). A Fourth Wave or false start? Larry Diamond on democracy after the Arab Spring. Inside Al Jazeera: Nothing prepared us for what we saw happening across the Arab world this year — one network knew damn well how to report a revolution. A review of Democracy in Modern Iran: Islam, Culture, and Political Change by Ali Mirsepassi. The Syrian Problem: Steve Coll on an uprising unlike the others. Franco Frattini on a Marshall Plan for the Arab world. The Silence of the Thinkers: Many intellectuals in the Arab world had already made their peace with the autocrats and dictators — few of them made an active contribution to the Arab Spring movements. Qaddafi’s Green Book mixes utopian socialism and Arab nationalism with a streak of Bedouin supremacism. A review of The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran’s Future. Christopher Caldwell on how Bernard-Henri Levy fought his way into chronic interventionism. Political Order in Egypt: Francis Fukuyama on how Samuel Huntington helps us understand the Jasmine Revolutions.

Lucian Dervan (Southern Illinois): Information Warfare and Civilian Populations: How the Law of War Addresses a Fear of the Unknown. From Rolling Stone, Tim Dickinson on how Roger Ailes built the Fox News fear factory: The onetime Nixon operative has created the most profitable propaganda machine in history — inside America's Unfair and Imbalanced Network (and more). From Brown Alumni Magazine, Ryan Goldberg on The Patients No One Wants: How much health care should prisoners receive? As much as we an afford, and here's why. Can we be awake and asleep at the same time? Here are 5 reasons pro wrestlers are the best actors in the world. A book salon on Black Tide: The Devastating Impact of the Gulf Oil Spill by Antonia Juhasz. Tea-bagger oil theory: A review of Power Grab: How Obama’s Green Policies Will Steal Your Freedom and Bankrupt America by Christopher C. Horner. Why is polygamy mostly practiced by males? The Rise of Backyard Biotech: Powered by social networking, file sharing, and e-mail, a new cottage industry is bringing niche drugs to market. A review of The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry by Jon Ronson. Manliness and Morality: Harvey Mansfield on the transgressions of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The People’s Budget: The Congressional Progressive Caucus lays out a surprisingly popular vision of the future. Lively's Lies: A profile of antigay activist Scott Lively. Taco Bell and the Golden Age of Drive-Thru: Operational innovations at restaurants like Taco Bell rival those at any factory in the world — a view from the drive-thru window at how they do it. Cass Sunstein on 21st-century regulation — an update on the president's regulatory reforms. Why positive fantasies make your dreams less likely to come true.

David Coates on the strengths and weaknesses of American exceptionalism. Gavin McInnes on 10 things he learned about the South. Andrew Hartman on the new historiographic consensus on the 1970s. A review of Before the Revolution: America’s Ancient Pasts by Daniel K. Richter. Living in the Midwest: Does it make you complacent and likely to wear clogs? Richard Cohen on the myth of American exceptionalism. Lean and mean: Citizens of Colorado Springs are self-imposed subjects of a small government experiment. James Wilson signed the Declaration of Independence and was a key architect of the US Constitution, and served as one of the first justices of the Supreme Court — he was also a reckless land-speculator, jailed more than once for debt, who died a fugitive. Securing Arizona: What Americans can learn from their rogue state. How slavery really ended in America: The forgotten story of three “contrabands,” a pragmatic general and a shrug that made history. Condo Culture: Richard Reep on how Florida became Floridastan. Michael H. Hunt on the Bin Laden killing and American exceptionalism. The most peaceful states in America? Nonviolent New Englanders. Here are 6 Civil War myths everyone believes (that are total BS). A review of A Queer History of the United States by Michael Bronski (and more). Tiny towns may be an endangered species: Several states facing budget shortfalls are offering incentives for townships to share services or even merge. The introduction to Waves of Resistance: Surfing and History in Twentieth-Century Hawaii by Isaiah Helekunihi Walker. Yo Ho Ho and a Bottle of Ru: Robert Moss on the forgotten liquor of the South is finding fans around town. We're #1: Ten depressing ways America is exceptional. A review of The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States by Gordon S. Wood.

Ruthann Robson (CUNY): Lesbians and Abortions. Jessica Wilkerson (Vermont): Conspicuously Absent: Birth Choice as the Next Feminist Fight. From The Scholar and Feminist Online, a special issue on technology, justice, and the global reproductive market. Is it time for birth control without a prescription? The recently published Capitalism, For and Against: A Feminist Debate sees authors Ann Cudd and Nancy Holmstrom take up opposing sides of the issue. A review of A Strange Stirring: The Feminine Mystique and American Women at the Dawn of the 1960s by Stephanie Coontz. Two Ivy League presidents — Penn’s Amy Gutmann and Brown’s Ruth Simmons — grapple with what’s holding smart, young women from seizing leadership positions. Kerry Howley reviews Sheila Rowbotham's Dreamers of a New Day: Women Who Invented the Twentieth Century, and Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards's Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future, Tenth Anniversary Edition. A feminist identity takes time to blossom, and the bumps along the way are assets, not roadblocks: An excerpt from Click: When We Knew We Were Feminists. Dove's Go Sleeveless ad campaign creates body anxieties women didn't know they had and sells them the solution. The long road to equality: Julian Baggini reports on a surge of activity questioning the low representation of women. Christine Neejer (Louisville): Women’s Studies, Students and the Discourse of Crisis. Power, confidence, and high-heels: What’s the deal with women’s relationship to their footwear? How a sex rebel was born: Susie Bright talks about her sexual awakening, feminist hypocrisy — and where the sexual revolution went wrong. American feminist legend Erica Jong selects essential reading for women – and says the revolution is far from over. A review of Why Women Have Sex: Sexual Motivation from Adventure to Revenge — And Everything in Between by Cindy M. Meston and David M. Buss.

Frank J. Vandall (Emory): Guns, Children and Congress. From Scientific American, how does a floating plastic duckie end up where it does? (and more) An article on understanding the 10 most destructive human behaviors. We no longer consider conjoined twins "freaks", but two hundred years after the birth of Chang and Eng, they continue to puzzle us. How do we brand our evolving selves? Universal brands like Facebook, Google and Twitter are changing the basic tenets of marketing. A review of A Singular Woman: The Untold Story of Barack Obama’s Mother by Janny Scott (and more). With studies showing a decline in car use, are we seeing the beginning of the end for the car? The problem with gay men today: Outspoken activist Larry Kramer wants to know why this generation is so apathetic while he's still so angry. A review of Outside Looking In: Adventures of an Observer by Garry Wills. A look at five conspiracy theories that turned out to be true. Three friends, on a drunken dare, set out in a dinghy for a nearby island, but when the gas ran out and they drifted into barren waters, their biggest threat wasn't the water or the ocean — it was each other. Don’t Draft Rick Perry: Why the era of the Southern Republican politician is over. Rebecca Alpert, author of Out of Left Field: Jews and Black Baseball, on a reason to vote along racial lines. Sixteen years after the Srebrenica massacre and 19 years after the siege of Sarejevo, Ratko Mladic has finally been nabbed (and more). A review of Twilight of Impunity: The War Crimes Trial of Slobodan Milosevic by Judith Armatta. What is the lure of a camper van? Paul Markillie struggles to find out. The real enemy of unions: Barry C. Lynn on why organized labor should join with entrepreneurs to bust the corporate monopolies threatening them both.

Graham Mayeda (Ottawa): Pushing the Boundaries: Rethinking International Law in Light of Cosmopolitan Obligations to Developing Countries. Koen Decancq (KUL): Global Inequality: A Multidimensional Perspective. Alberto Chong (IADB) and Mark Gradstein (Ben-Gurion): Who's Afraid of Foreign Aid? The Donors' Perspective. Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins (UNICEF): Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion — A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries. Randall Peerenboom (La Trobe): The Future of Law in a Multipolar World: Toward a Global New Deal. Alice N. Sindzingre (CNRS): Poverty Traps: A Perspective from Development Economics. Can the planet support 10 billion people? There's room for debate. The myth of 9 billion: Why ignoring family planning overseas was the worst foreign-policy mistake of the century. Sarah Ruden on the Christian case for family planning aid. From The European, the World Bank wants to fight poverty, yet its organizational structure prevents sustainable policy; and the machinery of global governance is changing — influential states from the Southern hemisphere are emerging as the old world is losing its political and economic influence. Andrew Linford on the difficulties calculating inequality and the Gini Coefficient. More than 1 billion people are hungry in the world, but what if the experts are wrong? A review of Esther Duflo and Abhijit Banerjee's Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty (and more). Andrew Linford on global inequality: Where is it found? A review of Getting Better: Why Global Development is Succeeding — And How We Can Improve the World Even More by Charles Kenny (and more and more and more and more). A recent UNICEF report points to increasing economic inequalities and suggests that those in power, even in democracies, want it that way.

Danielle Holley-Walker (South Carolina): A New Era for Desegregation. The Failure of American Schools: In his eight years as chancellor of New York City’s school system, the nation’s largest, Joel Klein learned a few painful lessons of his own — about feckless politicians, recalcitrant unions, mediocre teachers, and other enduring obstacles to school reform. The GOP is simultaneously emasculating teachers’ unions while adopting the worst parts of their agenda — the result could be devastating. Tested: LynNell Hancock on covering schools in the age of micro-measurement. Behind the scenes of standardized testing: Jessica Lussenhop goes inside the multimillion-dollar essay-scoring business. Toward a free market in education: School vouchers or tax credits? Why preschool shouldn't be like school: New research shows that teaching kids more and more, at ever-younger ages, may backfire. Once deified, now demonized, teachers are under assault from union-busting Republicans on the right and wealthy liberals on the left — and leading the charge from all directions is a woman most famous for losing her job: the former Washington, D.C., schools chancellor Michelle Rhee. It's school admissions season in New York: Does your 18-month-old have what it takes? Finland's educational success: Joshua Levine on the anti–tiger mother approach. Should public schools fear billionaires, is Finland a poster nation? An interview with Diane Ravitch, the nation's leading education historian. A review of Organizing for Educational Justice: The Campaign for Public School Reform in the South Bronx by Michael Fabricant. False Choice: How private school vouchers might harm minority students. Who's "cool" after graduating from high school? In The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth, Alexandra Robbins finds out the surprising answer (and more).