David Eickhoff (Freiburg): The Operation Called Suspension of Judgement in the History of Political Thought. For the Encyclopedia of Political Thought, here is the entry on the General Will by David Lay Williams. From the International Encyclopaedia of Social and Behavioural Sciences, here is the entry on the “Historical Development of Citizenship” by Richard Bellamy. The introduction to Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern Europe: From Machiavelli to Milton by Hilary Gatti. How to think like Edmund Burke: Iain Hampsher-Monk on debating the philosopher’s complex legacy. David Lay Williams reviews Rousseau’s Critique of Inequality: Reconstructing the Second Discourse by Frederick Neuhouser and The Free Animal: Rousseau on Free Will and Human Nature by Lee MacLean. The introduction to Creolizing Rousseau, ed. Jane Anna Gordon and Neil Roberts. A review of Freedom as Marronage by Neil Roberts (and an excerpt). Andreas Follesdal on Machiavelli at 500: From cynic to vigilant supporter of international law. Did Christianity create liberalism? Samuel Moyn reviews Inventing the Individual: The Origins of Western Liberalism by Larry Siedentop (and more). Locke against freedom: John Locke’s classical liberalism isn’t a doctrine of freedom — it’s a defense of expropriation and enslavement. David Lay Williams reviews Hegel and the Metaphysical Frontiers of Political Theory by Eric Lee Goodfield.

Kathryn Loncarich (Michigan State): Nature’s Law: The Evolutionary Origin of Property Rights. Europe doesn’t have a debt crisis — it has a democracy crisis. Chris Bickerton on how Syriza has not been radical enough. Matt O'Brien on why the Greece crisis could be the beginning of the end of Europe as we know it. Here are 5 reasons the eurozone could be stronger without Greece. Noah Feldman on Puerto Rico’s “colonial” power struggle. Harvard economist Richard Freeman pushes back on the idea that Puerto Rico’s minimum wage is to blame for the island’s current fiscal problems. The introduction to Debtfare States and the Poverty Industry: Money, Discipline and the Surplus Population by Susanne Soederberg. An unpopular man: Norman Finkelstein was a rock star of the pro-Palestinian movement — then he came out against BDS. Feminism and the City: Rachel Shteir on how Vivian Gornick shows how the movement enriched both her highs and her lows. White supremacist Don Black of Stormfront.org starts legal defense fund after FBI visit about Dylann Roof. Donald Trump, clickbait: Reporters insist he has no shot, but news outlets, led by CNN, can’t get enough of him. What it’s like to write speeches for a rude, rambling and disgraced politician: Carlos Lozada reviews The Speechwriter by Barton Swaim. Ana Swanson on the best and worst office designs for employees. Zeynep Tufekci on why the Great Glitch of July 8th should scare you. Death panels are real.

Call it the American tradition of Robin Hood in reverse: Christopher Ingraham on states that rob from the poor and give to the rich. Where should poor people live? Studies say that lower-income people do better when they live in affluent neighborhoods, but rich people don’t want them there. Someone finally polled the 1% — and it’s not pretty. Rich people are jerks, explained (and more: Sorry, conservatives, but you share an ideology with a bunch of rich jerks). Do attitudes towards the rich and famous help to legitimize gross disparities in wealth and power? Heather Mendick and Akile Ahmet on celebrity talk and the problem of inequality. “Shit’s gonna hit the fan”: Hamilton Nolan interviews billionaire Nick Hanauer about class war. Billionaires to the barricades: Some of the world’s wealthiest are publicly addressing the gap between the working class and the 1 percent. Why don’t the poor rise up? Thomas Edsall wonders. Helaine Olen on how there’s a reason the poor don’t rise up over inequality — because our culture shames them. George Scialabba reviews The Age of Acquiescence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power by Steve Fraser (and more) and The Demise of Virtue in Virtual America: The Moral Origins of the Great Recession by David Bosworth. The Ford Foundation shifts its grant making to focus entirely on inequality.