Lauren Sudeall Lucas (Georgia State): The Free Exercise of Religious Identity. Frederick Mark Gedicks (BYU): The Religious-Question Doctrine: Free-Exercise Right or Anti-Establishment Immunity? Adam Lamparello (Indiana Tech): Contextualizing the Free Exercise of Religion. Paul Horwitz (Alabama): Against Martyrdom: A Liberal Argument for Accommodation of Religion. Nelson Tebbe (Brooklyn) and Micah Schwartzman and Richard Schragger (Virginia): How Much May Religious Accommodations Burden Others? (and more) Micah Schwartzman (Virginia), Chad Flanders (Saint Louis) and Zoe Robinson (DePaul): The Rise of Corporate Religious Liberty. Perry Dane (Rutgers): Scopes of Religious Exemption: A Normative Map. Travis S. Andrews (Virginia): Delegating Religious Liberty: The Executive’s Role in Accommodating Religion.

Ronald F. White (Mount St. Joseph): Political Behavior and Biology: Evolutionary Leadership and Followership. David Graham on Confederate monuments and their complicated legacy. Set it and forget it: Lena Groeger on how default settings rule the world, the many ways we act by default (without even knowing it). Kevin Hartnett on using proof to create a perfect computer system. The beating heart: Tomoe Hill on an argument for email. Niina Pollari on how the phone is a public space. How to write a novel: Akilesh Ayyar on planning vs. spontaneity in the novel-writing process. Charles Koch’s disturbing high school economics project teaches “sacrificing lives for profits”. Koch network seeks to defuse donor frustration over Trump rebuff. The DNC email leaks could be payback from Russia for American meddling in foreign elections.

Ruby Cramer on why America couldn’t hear or see Bernie protesters during Hillary Clinton’s speech. Who or what ended the “Bernie or Bust” revolt in Philadelphia? Why this black Bernie Sanders delegate says he doesn’t have the luxury of going “Bernie or Bust”. From Humphrey hatred to Bernie or bust: Peter Knobler on the high price of the politics of petulance. Are Bernie or Busters becoming the tea party of the Left? Jill Stein’s ideas are terrible — she is not the savior the Left is looking for. Third parties ruin everything, according to political science.

This election isn’t just Democrat vs. Republican — it’s normal vs. abnormal. Is Donald Trump OK? Erratic behaviour raises mental health questions. The danger of a nuclear war is a good deal greater with Trump as president than with Clinton as president; this consideration alone outweighs lexicographically all other considerations — we must do whatever we can to elect Clinton. In the surreal new world we now inhabit, an answer that would have once triggered a crisis in Trump’s campaign is merely routine — and the notion that Russia hawks concerned about Russian influence should support the candidate Russia is trying to get elected, and oppose the candidate Russia is using every tool at its disposal to defeat, is beyond bizarre. Thomas M. Wells: “Donald Trump hired me as an attorney. Please don’t support him for president”.

Understanding the Trump-Khan War: “A dumb terrible person is almost always dangerous. Trump’s mix of rage and insecurity are so unbridled that it is not simply that he is unable to protect others from their impact. He cannot even protect himself from the damage they create”. The Khan fight highlights a huge GOP problem: No one knows how low Trump can go. Donald Trump is bringing anti-Muslim prejudice into the mainstream. Donald Trump gave Republicans the choice of racism or defeat — they chose racism. Paul Ryan condemns Trump all the time — but there’s one thing he won’t say. Whatever one may say about ordinary voters, the real sinners here are Republican leaders — people like Paul Ryan and Mitch McConnell — who are actively supporting a candidate they know poses a danger to the nation.

Brian Beutler on the Republican Milgram experiment: GOP leaders are administering dangerous shocks to the heart of U.S. democracy, and they can’t stop themselves. Don’t you dare call it “Trump-ism”: It isn’t Trumpism, it’s the Republican Party — and it has been for far longer than Donald Trump has been running for President. Joe McCarthy was brought down by attacks on his decency — Trump will lose the same way.

Scott Ferguson (South Florida): 9 Theses toward a Neochartalist Philosophy of Capitalism Arcade. Was the Nice attacker an ISIS “soldier”? Be skeptical. Make algorithms accountable: Julia Angwin on why we need more due process protections to assure the accuracy of the algorithms that have become ubiquitous in our lives. The introduction to Good Neighbors: The Democracy of Everyday Life in America by Nancy L. Rosenblum. Jonathan Chait on how Barack Obama’s transformational success is only beginning to come into view; and on looking to Harry Truman to understand Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton is one of America’s most honest politicians. What does the Democratic Party stand for now? Good question. Clinton’s all-you-can-eat buffet puts the Democratic Party at risk. These are the big choices Democrats will face if they win Congress in November.

Why the very poor have become poorer: Christopher Jencks reviews $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America by Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer. Matt Bruenig on how poverty has one dimension: income. Total inequality: Researchers know that it’s expensive to be poor — but they are only beginning to understand the sum of the financial, psychological, and cultural disadvantages that come with poverty. The rich live longer everywhere; for the poor, geography matters. Roberto Ferdman on the big problem with one of the most popular assumptions about the poor. American policy fails at reducing child poverty because it aims to fix the poor. Rebecca Vallas on how the right wing has a solution for poverty: Pretend it doesn’t exist. Robert Greenstein, an expert on fighting poverty, makes the case against a universal basic income.

Ananya Roy writes in defense of poverty: “I worry that the expansive use of inequality distracts attention from specific forms of impoverishment, exploitation, discrimination, and segregation”. Dwight Garner reviews White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America by Nancy Isenberg (and more). How racism stalls progressive action: Policies to aid America’s poor are hampered by deeply entrenched bias across parties. Criminalizing the hustle: Daniel Denvir on policing poor people’s survival strategies from Eric Garner to Alton Sterling. Sara Rankin (Seattle): The Influence of Exile (“against the use of the criminal justice system as a response to visible poverty”). Barry Latzer systematically debunks the dogma that poverty causes crime.