From Nautilus, is Japanese culture traumatized by centuries of natural disaster? How the Emperor became human: An excerpt from 1946: The Making of the Modern World by Victor Sebestyen. Hettie Judah on how Japanese designers pioneered gender-neutral dressing. Japan is building tiny islands in the Philippine Sea — here’s why. When cuteness comes of age: Neil Steinberg flies to Japan and finds a country and culture conflicted over cuteness. Should we be turning Japanese? With economic instability and terror plaguing the open West, a case emerges for the insular approach. Ending a 60-year stalemate: Tom Holcombe on Japan’s push to get a peace treaty with Russia. The ghosts of Fukushima: It’s been five years since the meltdown forced them to abandon their village, and now they’re going home — can a town devastated by nuclear disaster be brought back to life?

John Corcoran (SUNY-Buffalo): Logic Teaching in the 21st Century. Alex Prichard (Exeter) and Owen Worth (Limerick): Left-wing Convergence: An Introduction. Stephen Greenblatt’s The Swerve racked up prizes — and completely misled you about the Middle Ages. American literature needs indie presses: As books from major publishers get bigger and more expensive, smaller houses are taking risks on more creative, original works. Who cares about free trade? Not many Americans, it turns out. A comprehensive guide to Trump ally Roger Stone, a racist, sexist conspiracy theorist. Francis Wilkinson on how public bigotry creeps into private lives. Websites and apps are designed for compulsion, even addiction — should the net be regulated like drugs or casinos? Here’s the age you peak at everything throughout life.

From Townhall, Guy Benson on five problems with “Republicans for Johnson/Weld”. Roger Stone: Trump should insist on including Gary Johnson and Jill Stein in the debates. How the presidential debates might die: If Trump threatens to pull out, the TV networks should offer the time to Hillary Clinton. Jeffrey C. Isaac writes an open letter to John McCain: “When will you come out publicly against Donald Trump’s Presidential candidacy?” President Obama and Donald Trump team up to put Paul Ryan in an impossible position. If elected president, Trump will not be subject to restraint by Ryan or anybody else; his only mode of cooperation is dominance, and a Trump presidency means a Trump party and a Trump state. Donald Trump begins contemplating the unthinkable: He might lose. Even if Donald Trump loses badly in November, he isn’t going away. The post-election fallout is going to be brutal for the party that loses the White House race.

Ally of Trump staffer Paul Manafort: The staff is “suicidal”, he’s mailing it in. Senior GOP officials “actively exploring” how to replace Trump on ballot if he drops out. Careful what you wish for: What if Trump dropped out? (and more) “It’s possible that Mr. Trump is not entirely out of control, and will stay in the race until Election Day. On the other hand, he may well escalate until some sort of even-more-outrageous-than-usual behavior forces him to drop out. If the latter, and a new ticket — such as Kasich/Pence — takes over, we need to be ready”.

Fiona Ellis (Heythrop): Atheism and Naturalism. Jacob S. Sherkow (NYLS) and Henry T. Greely (Stanford): The History of Patenting Genetic Material. The scale of Turkey’s purge is nearly unprecedented. Geng Ngarmboonanant: What living through a coup taught me about defeating Trump. McKay Coppins on the Religious Right’s dangerous bet on Trump: “God has used worse people”. Meet the young Republicans who founded “Students for Trump”. PJ O’Rourke says blame the elites for Trump and Brexit — and vote for Clinton. Unless you speak English, the Internet doesn’t care about you. Video is the web’s future and it’s a wonderful mess. What’s life like in America’s first city with a Muslim-majority city council? Chris Lehmann reviews The Great Invention: The Story of GDP and the Making and Unmaking of the Modern World by Ehsan Masood.

From the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jason Brennan on the ethics and rationality of voting. Ethicists say voting with your heart, without a care about the consequences, is actually immoral. Tom Jacobs on how to use Facebook to increase voter turnout: Reluctant voters respond to social pressure. Liz Olson on the less noticed battles that may decide the presidential election: State skirmishes over the right to vote could help determine the outcome of the November election. Critics see efforts by counties and towns to purge minority voters from rolls. Five major GOP voting restrictions have been blocked in 10 days: Ari Berman on how courts have ruled against Republican-backed voting restrictions in five states (and more and more and more). This is how the Supreme Court could stop future voter suppression laws. If you’re not voting this election, you’re ridiculous.

Jill Lepore on a tale of two conventions: The spectacles in Cleveland and Philadelphia both came down to a question as old as the Republic — who are the people and who speaks for them? Only 9% of America chose Trump and Clinton as the nominees: While Donald J. Trump or Hillary Clinton will represent the entire country, the Americans who selected them are a small part of it. Timothy Noah on how Trump vs. Clinton is the 1980s vs. the 1990s: The best way to understand this election is as a clash of decades. Religious Right author Wayne Grudem says voting for Trump is not “morally evil”.

Hillary Clinton targets a skeptical crowd: White male voters. America the Terrible: Reihan Salam on why Donald Trump’s pessimistic worldview resonates with Republican voters in 2016. Donald Trump and the myth of mobocracy: Robert Zaretsky on how the dubious ideas of 19th-century Frenchman Gustave Le Bon reverberate in 2016. What do Donald Trump voters really crave? They want respect because they haven’t just lost economically, but also socially. Alexandra Wolfe on J.D. Vance and the anger of the white working class. David Frum on why Trump supporters think he’ll win.

Electoral map gives Donald Trump few places to go. Donald Trump, discovering new way to undermine democracy, calls election rigged: “Trump is going to do serious damage even if he loses. If he wins, the future of the Republic is in serious danger” (and more). Whether Trump is starting to lay the groundwork for contesting the election on claims of widespread voter impersonation fraud or some kind of broader effort for election officials to falsify results, we’re entering a dangerous new phase of the 2016 election campaign.