Romy Jaster (Berlin) and David Lanius (KIT): What is Fake News? Axel Gelfert (TU Berlin): Fake News: A Definition. Lili Levi (Miami): Real “Fake News” and Fake “Fake News”. Philosophers on fake news: Haeun Kim on Arendt and Foucault on power and truth in media politics. Robert B. Talisse on how there’s no such thing as fake news (and that’s bad news). Joshua Habgood-Coote (Bristol): Stop Talking about Fake News! Ari Ezra Waldman (NYLS): The Marketplace of Fake News. Matteo Monti (SSSA): The New Populism and Fake News on the Internet: How Populism Along with Internet New Media is Transforming the Fourth Estate. The grim conclusions of the largest-ever study of fake news.

Gordon Pennycook (Yale) and David G. Rand (Yale): Lazy, Not Biased: Susceptibility to Partisan Fake News is Better Explained by Lack of Reasoning Than by Motivated Reasoning. Gordon Pennycook, Tyrone Cannon, and David G. Rand (Yale): Prior Exposure Increases Perceived Accuracy of Fake News. Gleb Tsipursky and James Mulick (OSU) and Fabio Votta (Stuttgart): Fighting Fake News with Psychology: The Pro-Truth Pledge. Abby K. Wood and Irina Dykhne (USC) and Ann M. Ravel (UC-Berkeley): Fool Me Once: Regulating “Fake News” and Other Online Advertising.

Mike Ananny on Facebook, facts, and the problem with “a marketplace of ideas”. Mark Zuckerberg lays out Facebook’s 3-pronged approach to fake news. Facebook may have finally found a way to deal with fake news. Facebook proves it isn’t ready to handle fake news.

Pranked conservatives squeal: Sacha Baron Cohen fake-newsed us! Sacha Baron Cohen teaches the Right what fake news really is.

From Congressional Research Service, a report on Justice Anthony Kennedy: His Jurisprudence and the Future of the Court; a report on Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 to 2017: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President; a report on President’s Selection of a Nominee for a Supreme Court Vacancy: Overview; and a report on Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings for a Supreme Court Nominee: Overview. Kavanaugh paper chase threatens to draw out confirmation battle. We measured Brett Kavanaugh’s likely impact on the Court. Why are GOP lawyers different? The Federalist Society has held sway because a large segment of GOP voters care way more about the Supreme Court than they do about foreign policy.

Democratic voters want to see a fight against Brett Kavanaugh — Democratic officials worry there’s not much to do. This is how Senate Democrats should try to stop Brett Kavanaugh. Red-state Democrats’ fears over Kavanaugh vote may be overblown. We are all Supreme Court skeptics now.

The U.S. Senate is facing a legitimacy crisis: America’s House of Lords is about to decide the future of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court doesn’t need 9 justices — it needs 27.

Alessandra Tanesini (Cardiff): Intellectual Humility as Attitude; and Intellectual Servility and Timidity. FEMA was sorely unprepared for Puerto Rico hurricane, report says. An 11-million-ton iceberg is threatening a tiny village in Greenland. Can Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez save the planet? In with the out crowd: Steve Lagerfeld on contrarians, alone and together. There’s no use debating a feeling: It’s time to change how we engage with Jordan Peterson. Can Erdogan make Turkey “great and powerful” again? Scott Pruitt can’t escape his investigations just because he resigned. Scott McLemee reviews some forthcoming titles — hypertopical and otherwise — about which readers might want to know. Annie Lowrey on how Trump should just give people money.

Uncertainty made Russia 2018 the best World Cup in decades. Dhruva Jaishankar on how the World Cup exposes the limits of globalization. Delight and disgust: Casey Walker on the contradictions and complicities of soccer. Why does every soccer player do this? Red cards: Football is for people who can accept a loss. Why groups of 3 will ruin the World Cup (so enjoy this one).

From Lawfare, what to make of Mueller’s hacking indictment (and more). “It’s a big FU from Mueller”. The Mueller investigation keeps growing fast (and more). There is always a Trump tweet, DNC hack edition. Republicans respond to latest Mueller indictment with desperate gaslighting. Rand Paul on Russian election meddling: “We all do it”. Republicans want Russia to get away with it. Trump supporters really don’t care about the Russian indictments — do you? Truth without consequences: Robert Mueller’s latest indictment details how deeply Russia meddled with U.S. democracy to aid Trump, but the president still refuses to condemn it. Will Trump keep pushing Putin’s lies about attacking America? Trump is ticking off every box Putin has for him.

Former Fox News reporter warns that Trump team is “still colluding” with the Russians: Carl Cameron says Trump “is enabling the biggest cyberattack in U.S. history” (and more). How to betray your country in ten short steps. The way Trump and the GOP deal with Russian attacks is “textbook treason”. Jonathan Chait tests the case for Trump as Russian asset (and more).

Heather Hurlburt on what to watch for at the Trump-Putin summit (and more and more). What Trump and Putin want from their historic summit (and more). Why American spies worry when Trump meets Putin. “An amateur boxer up against Muhammad Ali”: Washington fears Trump will be no match for Putin in Helsinki (and more). “Maybe he’ll be a friend”: Trump highlights common ground with Putin ahead of summit. Putin needs America more than we need him — Trump doesn’t act like it. Just sitting down with Trump, Putin comes out ahead.

Trump should ask Putin to release Russian political prisoners. Available in Helsinki: The fate of Eastern Europe. Trump opens his arms to Russia — his administration closes its fist. Masha Gessen on Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, and the triumph of nothing over everyone.

All United Nations members — except the United States — have committed to a compact for safe migration; it is the first global document to tackle the issue and reduce human smuggling and trafficking. Trump’s comments on European immigration mirror white nationalist rhetoric (and more). Let’s drop the euphemisms: Donald Trump is a racist president. For Trump, failure is the only option: He doesn’t want to fix international institutions, just destroy them. Why is Trump undermining NATO and the EU? He just told us. Trump calls European Union a U.S. “foe”, citing trade tensions. “Evil has won”: Pro-American Germans feel betrayed. Germans fear Donald Trump more than Vladimir Putin, poll finds.

Trump fumed, but NATO members got what they wanted. Europe needs to start planning for a future with no U.S. Things will not be okay: Democratic alliances are unraveling, and global peace could be next.