From Gizmodo, a look at 100 websites that shaped the Internet as we know it. Google turns 20: How an Internet search engine reshaped the world. Google isn’t just a search engine — it’s a literal extension of our mind. Raised by YouTube: The platform’s entertainment for children is weirder — and more globalized — than adults could have expected. You can learn everything online except for the things you can’t. The Internet helps cheap, fun events spread faster than ever — it’s also totally ruined them. Aja Romano on the rise of the wholesome Internet meme. To reduce inequality, Wikipedia should consider paying editors.


Elena Ruiz (Michigan State): Framing Intersectionality. “Paradise is gone”: California fires devastate communities. The worst is yet to come for California’s wildfires. How in danger is Robert Mueller’s probe under Trump’s man Matthew Whitaker? It’s probably too late to stop Mueller: The prospects for interference are dimmer than many imagine. Maria Browning reviews The Shadow President: The Truth About Mike Pence by Michael D’Antonio and Peter Eisner. The ultimate cash crop: How a pot crisis restarted a conversation about public banking in America. Lily Rothman interviews Donna Zuckerberg, author of Not All Dead White Men: Classics and Misogyny in the Digital Age (and more and more).

From the Congressional Research Service, a report on the Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law. Deployed inside the United States: The military waits for the migrant caravan. Scott McLemee reviews Threshold: Emergency Responders on the US-Mexico Border by Ieva Jusionyte.


The day the guns fell silent: At 11 a.m. on Nov. 11, 1918, bugle calls ended the “war to end all wars”— after four years of carnage, you could hear the ticking of a watch. When did World War I end? Why the First World War lasted so long. We’re still haunted by our failure to grapple with the dark side of World War I. Lessons from “The Great War”: How the lives of millions of ordinary people can be destroyed by senseless imperial conflict. The echoes of November 1918: Are we about to witness the next Twenty Years' Crisis? Strategy without politics is no strategy: A lesson of World War I for the Trump era. Can Europe’s liberal order survive as the memory of war fades?

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