From the Congressional Research Service, a report on Poverty in the United States in 2017: In Brief. David Brady (UC-Riverside): Theories of the Causes of Poverty. Americans want to believe jobs are the solution to poverty — they’re not. Social Security, food stamps, and other programs kept 44 million people out of poverty last year. What are the biggest signs that a community’s children will remain poor? David Leonhardt on a one-question quiz on the poverty trap. The Poor People’s Campaign calls out “policy violence”: The campaign wants to advance a new understanding of poverty as a traumatic experience inflicted by policy-makers. Covering poverty: What to avoid and how to get it right.

Pietro Maffettone (Durham): Egalitarianism and the Great Recession: A Tale of Missed Connections? Here’s what you need to know about Sri Lanka’s escalating political crisis. The world must finally give us Rohingya a say in our fate. Anti-Jewish hate crimes increased by 37% in 2017, according to a new FBI report. Rachael Dottle, Ella Koeze and Julia Wolfe on the 2018 midterms, in 4 charts. First issue for Democrats next year: Election and ethics reform. It’s time for a new Voting Rights Act. Jared Bernstein on the midterms and the economy: Slower growth ahead. Remember the caravan? After vote, focus on migrants fades. Why Amazon and Google chose New York City instead of a place that needs them more. Amazon’s DC challenge: Finding all those workers.

Federico Merke and Diego Reynoso (San Andres) and Luis Schenoni (Notre Dame): Foreign Policy Change in Latin America: Exploring a Middle Range Concept. Jose Antonio Ocampo (Columbia) and Eduardo Bastian and Marcos Reis (UFRJ): The Myth of the “Latin American Decade”. Economy on a steady rise in Latin America and Caribbean region “despite international turbulence”. Latin America looks past the U.S. on trade. The death of an entire system of political rule: On the elections in Mexico. Mexico’s new president has a radical plan to end the drug war. Latin America has an open-door policy for Venezuelan refugees. A lesson from Bolivia: Evo Morales has done remarkable things for his country — but now, he is rejecting term limits and Bolivians are taking to the streets to stand up for the rule of law.

What the hell happened to Brazil? Why Brazilians elected an aspiring dictator. Mariana Prandini Assis and Ana Carolina Ogando on gender ideology and the Brazilian elections. Democracy is at risk in Latin America and the far Right is moving in — here’s how it went wrong for the Left.

Allison Christians (McGill): Introduction to Tax Policy Theory. Ivan Ozai (McGill): Tax Competition and the Ethics of Burden Sharing. Wolfgang Schoen (Max Planck): Taxation and Democracy. Richard M. Bird (Toronto): Are Global Taxes Feasible? Across the globe, taxes on corporations plummet. Edward J. McCaffery (USC): The Death of the Income Tax (or, the Rise of America’s Universal Wage Tax). Henry Ordower (SLU): Taxing Others in the Age of Trump: Foreigners (and the Politically Weak) as Tax Subject. Post-redistribution liberalism: Changing the tax structure, even radically, won’t really change much — we need to look to pre-tax inequities to transform society.

Rosalind Dixon (UNSW): Constitutional Rights as Bribes. “Profoundly dismayed”: Amnesty International has stripped Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi of top honour. German Lopez on the Florida voter fraud allegations, explained. What’s happening in Florida is a nightmare — 2020 could be so much worse. In 26 recounts in major races around the nation since 2000, only 3 outcomes changed. Five new books touch on American Jewish identity and what will sustain it into the future. Martha S. Jones on when black women journalists fight back. In North Korea, missile bases suggest a great deception. Why doctors hate their computers: Digitization promises to make medical care easier and more efficient — but are screens coming between doctors and patients?

Exit polls: How voting blocs have shifted from the ’80s to now. The Resistance strikes back: Two years of progressive organizing built the blue wave. The media’s eagerness to discount the “blue wave” feeds a dangerous problem. Black women turned electoral power into political power in 2018. What big state-level wins mean for the Democrats’ agenda. Democratic wins in these 9 states will have seismic policy consequences. Why Medicare-for-all is looking better and better after the midterms. The 2018 midterms did not vindicate your policy preferences. It’s not about centrism vs. progressivism. Let the people vote: America finally has a pro-democracy movement — and it did very well at the polls last week. Jedediah Purdy on the Democrats’ existential battle: Achieving real democracy.

From Gizmodo, a look at 100 websites that shaped the Internet as we know it. Google turns 20: How an Internet search engine reshaped the world. Google isn’t just a search engine — it’s a literal extension of our mind. Raised by YouTube: The platform’s entertainment for children is weirder — and more globalized — than adults could have expected. You can learn everything online except for the things you can’t. The Internet helps cheap, fun events spread faster than ever — it’s also totally ruined them. Aja Romano on the rise of the wholesome Internet meme. To reduce inequality, Wikipedia should consider paying editors.

Elena Ruiz (Michigan State): Framing Intersectionality. “Paradise is gone”: California fires devastate communities. The worst is yet to come for California’s wildfires. How in danger is Robert Mueller’s probe under Trump’s man Matthew Whitaker? It’s probably too late to stop Mueller: The prospects for interference are dimmer than many imagine. Maria Browning reviews The Shadow President: The Truth About Mike Pence by Michael D’Antonio and Peter Eisner. The ultimate cash crop: How a pot crisis restarted a conversation about public banking in America. Lily Rothman interviews Donna Zuckerberg, author of Not All Dead White Men: Classics and Misogyny in the Digital Age (and more and more).

From the Congressional Research Service, a report on the Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law. Deployed inside the United States: The military waits for the migrant caravan. Scott McLemee reviews Threshold: Emergency Responders on the US-Mexico Border by Ieva Jusionyte.

The day the guns fell silent: At 11 a.m. on Nov. 11, 1918, bugle calls ended the “war to end all wars”— after four years of carnage, you could hear the ticking of a watch. When did World War I end? Why the First World War lasted so long. We’re still haunted by our failure to grapple with the dark side of World War I. Lessons from “The Great War”: How the lives of millions of ordinary people can be destroyed by senseless imperial conflict. The echoes of November 1918: Are we about to witness the next Twenty Years' Crisis? Strategy without politics is no strategy: A lesson of World War I for the Trump era. Can Europe’s liberal order survive as the memory of war fades?

A very grim forecast: Bill McKibben reviews Global Warming of 1.5C: An IPCC Special Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In today’s accelerating and overheating world, the gap between the people affected by change in local environments and the people in charge is growing ever wider. Is fixing the climate incompatible with American ideals? Fighting climate change won’t destroy the economy. 10 ways to accelerate progress against climate change. Millions of people still need air conditioning, which could create a huge climate problem. Who is the we in “We are causing climate change”? Where Americans (mostly) agree on climate change policies, in five maps. How to demand action on climate change.