Shushanik Margaryan, Annemarie Paul, and Thomas Siedler (Hamburg): Does Education Affect Attitudes Towards Immigration? Evidence from Germany. David Brady (Stanford), John A. Ferejohn (NYU), and Aldo Paparo (LUISS): Political Economy and Immigration. Gerasimos Tsourapas (Birmingham): Labor Migrants as Political Leverage: Migration Interdependence and Coercion in the Mediterranean. Fabio Perocco (Ca’ Foscari): Work Precarisation and New Inequalities: The Role of Migration. Josiah Heyman (UTEP): How Does Neoliberalism Relate to Unauthorized Migration? The US-Mexico Case. Susan Frelich Appleton (WUSTL): Doing Better for Child Migrants. The “real” border crisis: The US immigration system isn’t built for kids and families.

Ryan Doerfler (Penn): Can a Statute Have More Than One Meaning? Margaret Taylor on declaring an emergency to build a border wall: The statutory arguments. How Trump could use a national emergency to get his border wall, explained (and more). Trump, the “border crisis” and the wall — just the facts, please. How the shutdown is affecting air safety. T-Mobile, Sprint, and AT&T are selling access to their customers’ location data, and that data is ending up in the hands of bounty hunters and others not authorized to possess it, letting them track most phones in the country. China targets prominent Uighur intellectuals to erase an ethnic identity. From, what is the last question?

Russell K. Robinson (UC-Berkeley) and David M. Frost (UCL): The Afterlife of Homophobia. The ghosts of Brazil’s military dictatorship: How a politics of forgetting led to Bolsonaro’s rise (and more and more). Rashida Tlaib said nothing wrong — but the reaction was obscene. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is a perfect foil for the pro-Trump media (and more). Natalie Wynn’s ContraPoints is political philosophy made for YouTube. It’s all over: Following a science-fiction plot too classic to be believed, our creation is now coming back to devour our souls. In the blink of an eye, a hunt for oil threatens pristine Alaska. Age discrimination is more common than you think — why aren’t we doing anything about it?

Nancy LeTourneau on evaluating the Democratic presidential candidates. Progressive ideas matter to voters — so why do Democrats fixate on the identity of the messenger? Mainstream media is blowing its coverage of Elizabeth Warren’s DNA Test. Elizabeth Warren and her party of ideas: She’s what a serious policy intellectual looks like in 2019. On law professors as presidents: The law school mindset produces policy-makers but not organizers. Bernie Sanders’ Our Revolution will start a campaign to draft him into the presidential race. Washington governor Jay Inslee is betting he can win the presidency on climate change. Biden in 2020? Allies say he sees himself as Democrats’ best hope.

From The Philosophy of GIS, Rasmus Gronfeldt Winther (Santa Cruz): Mapping the Deep Blue Oceans. From Vox, several Democratic senators want to block all Senate bills until Mitch McConnell takes up a bill to reopen the government; House Democrats have a new strategy to reopen the government: pass smaller spending bills; and all 20 previous government shutdowns, explained. What will it take to end the shutdown? Watch these three things. Without legal justification, WH says IRS will pay tax refunds even if shutdown continues. What John Stuart Mill got wrong about freedom of speech. Who killed The Weekly Standard? Ray Monk on Kurt Godel and the romance of logic.

Dawood Mamoon (World Economic Survey): A Brief History of Pakistan’s Democratic Journey (2008-2018). Is Donald Trump losing his agenda-setting power? Anne Helen Petersen on how millennials became the burnout generation. Stop saying “America isn’t ready”. Jeffrey C. Isaac on calls to impeach the motherfucker: The Democratic Party needs a “dialectic” between the words of Tlaib and the words of Pelosi. For the investor class, Romney’s call for good manners is soothing — and irrelevant. US halts cooperation with UN on potential human rights violations. What the hell is a presidential “exploratory committee”? Kilian Huber, Volker Lindenthal, and Fabian Waldinger on the economic costs of a discriminatory ideology.

Ari D. Glogower (Ohio State): Taxing Inequality. The uniting power of new taxation: When higher taxes brought Americans together instead of dividing them. Inequality is worse than we know — the super-rich really do avoid a lot of taxes. There’s a solution to people abusing their wealth: Super-high taxes. Marc Benioff wants to tax billionaires, including himself. Frank Garmon reviews Taxing the Rich: A History of Fiscal Fairness in the United States and Europe by David Stasavage and Kenneth F. Scheve (and more). Tax cheating is as American as apple pie: New research reveals that the US has become the tax haven of choice for the super-rich.

What does Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez know about tax policy? Paul Krugman on the economics of soaking the rich. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is floating a 70 percent top tax rate — here’s the research that backs her up (and more). Republicans are crying “extreme” over Rep. Ocasio-Cortez’s tax idea — it’s actually pretty moderate (and more). Ocasio-Cortez’s 70 percent top tax rate is a moderate, evidence-based policy. Ocasio-Cortez wants higher taxes on very rich Americans — here’s how much money that could raise. A 70% marginal rate on top incomes is a good start, but it doesn’t go far enough. Sweden has a 70 percent tax rate and it is fine.

Guy A. Rub (OSU): Amazon and the New World of Publishing. Brazil’s national police deployed to curb wave of unrest. What does Donald Trump think about when he thinks about “wall”? The border wall: How a potent symbol is now boxing Trump in. No, Trump cannot declare an “emergency” to build his wall (and more). Millions face delayed tax refunds, cuts to food stamps as White House scrambles to deal with shutdown’s consequences (and more and more). 1 big thing: The force that could end the shutdown. A simple way to prevent government shutdowns. How to end government shutdowns, forever. Sultan Muhammad V steps down as Malaysia’s king. Three big questions about the curious Paul Whelan “spy” case.

How Ecuador and the US locked themselves into a stalemate over Julian Assange. The story of an American Islamic State member allegedly captured in Syria. Who’s afraid of the budget deficit? Democrats shouldn’t put themselves in a fiscal straitjacket. House Democrats aim to make voting rights a national priority. Democrats’ sleeping giant: Impeachment. Coming to terms with the impeachment process: Bob Bauer on the case for starting a formal inquiry. Republican solidarity will protect Trump from impeachment. Ukrainian Orthodox Christians formally break from Russia. Should animals win acting Oscars? Francisco Mejia Uribe on why believing without evidence is always morally wrong.

From the Congressional Research Service, a special report on Artificial Intelligence and National Security. Julia M. Puaschunder (Harvard): On Artificial Intelligence’s Razor’s Edge: On the Future of Democracy and Society in the Artificial Age. Paul Nemitz (College of Europe): Constitutional Democracy and Technology in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Filippo A. Raso, Hannah Hilligoss, Vivek Krishnamurthy, Christopher Bavitz and Levin Kim (Harvard): Artificial Intelligence and Human Rights: Opportunities and Risks Berkman. How artificial intelligence will reshape the global order: Nicholas Wright on the coming competition between digital authoritarianism and liberal democracy. Why technology favors tyranny: Artificial intelligence could erase many practical advantages of democracy, and erode the ideals of liberty and equality — it will further concentrate power among a small elite if we don’t take steps to stop it.

Marcus Schulzke (York): The Politics of Attributing Blame for Cyberattacks and the Costs of Uncertainty. Will the Supreme Court sanction the robbery of tribal lands? Day 1 in office: Brazil's Bolsonaro issues orders targeting ethnic minorities, LGBTQ community. Jair Bolsonaro launches assault on Amazon rainforest protections. Why aren’t Democrats standing up for low-wage government workers? Janitors, security guards, and other contractors deserve back pay after the shutdown ends, just like federal employees do. The PAYGO fight roiling House Democrats, explained. Why the new Democratic majority could work better than the last. Women’s magazines are dying — will we miss them when they’re gone?

Jennifer Shkabatur (IDC): The Global Commons of Data. The iPhone has big problems in China — and across the globe. Should the Left unite behind Elizabeth Warren? (and more) Spurning Erdogan’s vision, Turks leave in droves, draining money and talent. How to shut down future shutdowns. The hardest glass ceiling in politics: This was supposed to be the year of the woman — but dozens of female political operatives say they weren’t invited to the party. Without radical innovation, air conditioning is set to make global warming much worse. China just landed on the far side of the moon — it has plans to do a lot more.

Claire Methven O’Brien (St. Andrews): Experimentalist Global Governance and the Case for a Framework Convention Based on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Ursula Doyle (Northern Kentucky): Strange Fruit at the United Nations. The crisis of peacekeeping: Severine Autesserre on why the UN can’t end wars. Here’s what can undermine peacekeeping missions. Want better peacekeeping ops? Add women. Amin R. Yacoub (NYU): A World Government: A Critical Look into the Present, to Foresee the Future. Cristian Gimenez-Corte (UNL): Shake It Up: The Case for Reforming the United Nations (or a Real Global Governance Model for the Ideal of World Peace). Nobody takes the UN seriously, but here’s how to fix it.

John William Draper (Penn): Preserving Life by Ranking Rights. Paolo Passaglia (Pisa): Unicameralism, Bicameralism, Multicameralism: Evolution and Trends in Europe. In newly divided government, who will control the political agenda? “We did not come to play”: Politics’ new power players are ready for a fight. Democrats are fighting about whether deficits matter — that’s good. Poop is piling up in national parks thanks to government shutdown. The government shutdown is choking Indian Country. Sometimes autocrats strengthen their power by expanding women’s rights — here’s how that works. Will cryogenically frozen people ever be revived? The introduction to The Spectre of Race: How Discrimination Haunts Western Democracy by Michael G. Hanchard.

Simon Munzert (Hertie School): Measuring the Importance of Political Elites. Bennett Callaghan, Michael Kraus, and John F. Dovidio (Yale): Social Class Predicts Preference for Competent Politicians. Elizabeth Warren’s theory of everything: The Massachusetts senator is pitching her campaign as a war on corruption in the broadest sense. Supreme Court poised to weigh in on secret Muller-linked grand jury case. Russia detained an American for espionage — here’s what we know. Chatbots are a danger to democracy: We need to identify, disqualify and regulate chatbots before they destroy political speech. Was there a civilization on Earth before humans? A look at the available evidence.