Richard York and Brett Clark (Oregon): Gender and Mathematical Ability: The Toll of Biological Determinism. Sex, math and scientific achievement: Why do men dominate the fields of science, engineering and mathematics? The introduction to Gender, Class, and Freedom in Modern Political Theory by Nancy J. Hirschmann. A review of Feminism Confronts Homo Economicus: Gender, Law, and Society by Martha Albertson Fineman and Terence Dougherty. Domestic surveillance: To properly interpret the Mommy Wars, it helps to know who's drawing up the battle plans. Parenting in the age of mechanical reproduction: A review of Babies by Design by Ronald Green. International adoption is a one-way dialogue: When adoptive parents try to keep the lid on controversy, we do ourselves—and our kids—no favors. The Graying of the City: A look at how young families are fleeing New York. From Foreign Policy, a list of the world’s worst places to be a kid. The middle one's always difficult, the eldest is a bossy boots and the youngest is a tearaway — but are the family cliches true? Finally, scientists have the answer. Research suggests humans appear hardwired to learn by "over-imitation". A review of Teenage: The Creation of Youth Culture by Jon Savage.

From Law and Politics Book Review, a review of The Judicial Branch of Federal Government: People, Process, and Politics.  From Writ, an article on the current Supreme Court term, and the pivotal role of "swing" Justice Anthony Kennedy. Repealing the 20th century: While everyone focuses on its abortion decisions, the Roberts Court is merrily revoking a century of legislation protecting citizens, consumers, workers, and minorities against business. More on My Grandfather's Son: A Memoir by Clarence Thomas and Supreme Discomfort: The Divided Soul of Clarence Thomas by Kevin Merida and Michael A. Fletcher. Former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales wins the American Bar Association's Lawyer of the Year award.

A review of A Shattered Peace: Versailles 1919 and the Price We Pay Today by David A. Andelman. A review of The Voices of the Dead: Stalin's Great Terror in the 1930s by Hiroaki Kuromiya. More and more on The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin’s Russia by Orlando Figes. A review of Absolute War: Soviet Russia in the Second World War by Chris Bellamy (and more). A review of The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944 by Rick Atkinson. A review of FDR's 12 Apostles: The Spies Who Paved the Way for the Invasion of North Africa by Hal Vaughn. The introduction to The Myth of the Eastern Front: The Nazi-Soviet War in American Popular Culture by Ronald Smelser and Edward J. Davies. Coupon queues, nude reviews and the post-war experience: A review of Austerity Britain: 1945-51 by Kristin Anderson and David Kynaston. A review of For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War by Melvyn P. Leffler. A review of Communism and the Emergence of Democracy by Harald Wydra. An interview with Nicholas Wapshott, author of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: A Political Marriage.

From Open Democracy, an article on disarmament as the forgotten issue: "Peace on Earth" by 2020? It's possible — here's how. Abnormals of all nations, unite! What is worrying is not so much the number of failed democracies as the extensive misuse of democratic institutions, symbols, and practices. Poof: An article on the post-revolutionary disappearing act — and its dreadful consequences. A review of Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw It Coming by Paul Hawken. The introduction to Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium by Ronald Findlay and Kevin H. O'Rourke. A review of The Politics of Free Markets: The Rise of Neoliberal Economic Policies in Britain, France, Germany, and the United States by Monica Prasad. From Global Law Books, a review of Trade, Aid, and Arbitrate: The Globalization of Western Law by Ronald Charles Wolf; and a review of The Human Rights Impact of the World Trade Organisation by James Harrison. A review of Cultural Products and the World Trade Organization by Tania Voon.

From Democracy, lift every voice: A review of Ralph Ellison: A Biography by Arnold Rampersad; Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King's Last Campaign by Michael K. Honey; and New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship and the Search for the Great Society by Kent B. Germany. From Colorlines, from Missouri to Arizona, Ward Connerly targets the ballot box in five more states. The greasy ladder: Middle-income blacks are downwardly mobile — why? High-profile cases of racial insensitivity rile the nation, yet studies affirm that a deeper bias festers, afflicting even those who seem to know better — as soon as we accept this truth, perhaps we can direct our outrage at inequities that really matter. Meet Mr. Hoptoit McNegropants: A review of A Practical Guide to Racism by C.H. Dalton. Race against time: Evolution isn't making people in different parts of the world more distinct — there are no human races, just the one species. No tolerance for human nature: Jonathan Derbyshire reviews Amy Chua's Day of Empire.

From Counterpunch, an open letter to the antiwar Left: Joshua Frank on why Ron Paul's campaign deserves our attention; and Sherry Wolf on the freedom to starve Why the Left should reject Ron Paul. Meet the press: John Edwards begs the media to look in his direction. Despite the widening gap between rich and poor in America, the presidential candidates' populist appeals are falling on deaf ears. Why the Democrats could lose in 2008: Democrats think the public is just interested in new social programs, but voters are looking for something more inspirational. That does not compute: Mitt Romney has a passion for data — a great president needs a passion for principle. And everybody hates the atheists: Romney tries to get ahead by climbing over unbelievers. Huckabee's religious beliefs are just as wacky as Romney's, so why should we care? What does Hillary believe? She is in lockstep with the United Methodist Church on almost all issues, says Paul Kengor, author of God and Hillary Clinton (and an excerpt). Believe it or not: Atheists are a frustrated group of Americans. If we want to make humanist beliefs truly meaningful we need to go beyond simply individual political involvement to a collective effort, and strive to make Humanism a political and philosophical force in our society.

From Wired, a look at how scientist Brad McRae is employing "circuit theory" to protect endangered species. The calculus of cat and mouse: A review of Chases and Escapes: The Mathematics of Pursuit and Evasion by Paul J. Nahin. Animals do the cleverest things: The chimp who outwits humans; the dolphin who says it with seaweed; the existential dog — the more we learn about other animals the harder it is to say we're the smartest species. An article on looking to dolphins for human therapy. What's the future for circus animals? The cuteness stops at age four: A review of Bears: A Brief History by Bernd Brunner.

Tony Cutler (London): A Necessary Complexity: History and Public-Management Reform. From Dissent, an article on renewing Britain's New Labour project. The essence of Orwellianism: It isn't the spycams that make Britain Orwellian - - it is New Labour's taste for intervening in our lives. It's very unlikely that your vote will ever change the result of an election, but your right to vote is not to be given up lightly. Shlomo Ben-Ami on Britain’s new internationalism. From Prospect, fatuous leftism: Some of the hostile responses to Andrew Anthony's book, Fall Out, exemplified the very attitudes the author aimed to expose. Here's the preface to the new edition of What's Left? How Liberals Lost Their Way by Nick Cohen. For 150 years, John Stuart Mill has been the intellectual icon of the British left - but his ideas address few of the problems we face today, and more on John Stuart Mill: Victorian Firebrand by Richard Reeves.

Sunny dazed: Carl Pope on why optimism alone won’t save the environment — a response to Gregg Easterbrook. The environmental establishment continues to peddle the notion that we can solve the climate problem — we can't. An interview with Richard Posner on planning for a climate catastrophe. Policy considerations of a carbon tax: To warrant a new tax, policymakers should be sure that the tax is designed to meet the non-revenue goals and that a tax is a more efficient way to reach those goals compared to alternatives. The Norwegians have forced their hand: It is time for the Swedes to give a prize in environmental economics. Energy guru Amory Lovins, author of Winning the Oil Endgame, lays out his plan for weaning the US off oil and revitalizing the economy in the process. A review of Energy Autonomy: The Economic, Social and Technological Case for Renewable Energy by Hermann Scheer. All you need to know about ethanol: Corn-based fuel is a step in the right direction, but it won’t single-handedly solve our energy crisis.

From Financial Times, Fred Bergsten on how to solve the problem of the dollar: Countries with dollars they deem excessive would receive an asset denominated in a basket of leading currencies. Don’t bet against the dollar: Don’t let all the chatter about the “incredibly shrinking dollar” fool you — the Almighty Greenback is here to stay, and there are far more serious dangers lurking for the global economy. From Portfolio, an article on the evolution of an investor: Blaine Lourd got rich picking stocks, but then he realized that everything he thought he knew about the markets was wrong — and he's not alone. From The Wall Street Journal, Alan Greesnpan on the roots of the mortgage crisis: Bubbles cannot be safely defused by monetary policy before the speculative fever breaks on its own. If Greenspan was so prescient, why did permit the housing bubble to get so out of hand, before retiring as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in 2006? James Surowiecki on Paulson’s Plan: Treasury offers a Band-Aid for the mortgage crisis. Daniel Gross on the future of real estate and the cockeyed optimists of the National Association of Realtors. When boom goes bust: A look at how sprawl eats its young.