From The Economist, Brussels rules OK: A look at how the European Union is becoming the world's chief regulator. From Der Spiegel, an interview with Timothy Garton Ash: "A clear European voice is missing in the world". Promises countries make to gain entry into NATO or the EU are similar to Mary Poppins’s description of pie crust: Easily made, easily broken. Richard Falk on Turkey's finest hour: The sick man of Europe gets a jolt of life, but will it last? The 2007 general election in Turkey, as much a triumph for democracy as it was for the AKP, may one day be seen as a turning point. Here are 5 myths about sick Old Europe. Archipelago Europe: Instead of two homogeneous European regions — "the East" and "the West" — there are now fragments, enclaves, and islands. Origins and elements of imitated democracies: Throughout the territory of the former Soviet Union, regimes have established themselves behind a democratic facade while concentrating power in the hands of a president, and contrary to their purported stability, all contain the seeds of their own downfall. Despot dilemma: The European Union seems unable to decide how to deal with dictators.

Sanford Levinson (UT-Austin): Slavery and the Phenomenology of Torture. From Boston Review, slave trade on trial: An article on lessons of a great human-rights law success. A review of The Slave Ship: A Human History by Marcus Rediker. Slavery, a shark's perspective: A strange text sheds new light on the true roots of abolition. From NYRB, a review of books on women and children for sale. A review of Ending Slavery: How We Free Today's Slaves by Kevin Bales and Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the Global Economy by John Bowe (and more and more and more). While many migrants are forced into sex work, the rescue industry's moral position has hindered their own efforts to stop it, according to a new book, Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labor Market and the Rescue Industry.

From American Scientist, from steam engines to life: what is the state of thermodynamics on the 100th anniversary of the death of Lord Kelvin? A review of The Sun Kings: The Unexpected Tragedy of Richard Carrington and the Tale of How Modern Astronomy Began by Stuart Clark. A review of The New Time Travelers: A Journey to the Frontiers of Physics by David Toomey. The mysterious dark matter that fills the universe could be made of the same particles that put the "big" in the big bang - explaining both inflation and dark matter in a single stroke. Yale scientists make 2 giant steps in advancement of quantum computing. Why has "some guy in a wheelchair"—Stephen Hawking—been repeatedly crossing in front of us, most recently floating weightlessly in space sans wheelchair, for the past quarter century? Children of the sun: Biochemist Gottfried Schatz follows light across time and space, from the Big Bang to the ocean floor. Chaos Theory Demystified: Physics has been practised, in one form or another, for thousands of years. A review of Why Beauty is Truth by Ian Stewart (and more).

From National Review, an interview with George McKenna, author of The Puritan Origins of American Patriotism. A review of American Patriot: The Life and Wars of Colonel Bud Day by Robert Coram. A review of The Truth about Patriotism by Steven Johnston. The introduction to Constitutional Patriotism by Jan-Werner Muller. A review of A World Beyond Politics? A Defense of the Nation-State by Pierre Manent. A review of Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers by Kwame Anthony Appiah. The introduction to Transnational Constitutionalism: International and European Perspectives. A review of The Parliament of Man by Paul Kennedy; Secretary or General? and The Best Intentions by James Traub. In search of common sense: The Tallberg Foundation offers global governance for an increasingly interdependent world.

From Eurozine, while the Great Estonian Novel has yet to be written, the range of fiction in Estonia is sufficiently wide to serve as an indicator of the post-communist country's hopes and fears, anxieties and obsessions. Freeing Theater in Belarus: One company's current-day battle against authoritarianism. Let us now read about famous men: Ina Hartwig on the profusion of new German biographies about great, dead, male writers. From New Statesman, the new wave: Andrew Hussey on the North African novelists at the gates of "Fortress Europe". Don't look down on Canadian literature: Jean Hannah Edelstein used to think there wasn't much more to Canadian culture than Margaret Atwood and empty space. D'oh! From Anthurium, a review of Consuming the Caribbean: From Arawaks to Zombies by Mimi Sheller, and a review of Twentieth Century Caribbean Literature: Critical Moments in Anglophone Literary History by Alison Donnell. V. S. Naipaul among the cannibals: A review of A Writer’s People: Ways of Looking and Feeling (and more and more).

From Philosophy Now, an interview with Randall Curren, author of Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education; playing nice and teaching good: Carolyn Suchy-Dicey considers the dilemma of teaching moral autonomy. A review of An Introduction to Philosophy of Education by Robin Barrow and Ronald Woods. Schools as scapegoats: Our increasing inequality and our competitiveness problems are huge, but they can't be laid at the door of our education system. The flood waters that submerged New Orleans two years ago also sank the local school district. What has happened since the disaster, however, is redefining urban public education. A review of A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South by Adam Fairclough. More on Tough Liberal by Richard Kahlenberg. Making the grade: How do you grow a bumper crop of math and science teachers? From Discover, one universe, under God: Creationism battles for the hearts and minds of America’s teachers. A review of Doubting Darwin? Creationist Designs on Evolution by Sahotra Sarkar. From Church & State, an article on the Religious Right's new tactics for invading public schools. A review of The Last Freedom: Religion from the Public School to the Public Square by Joseph P. Viteritti.

From The Nation, an article on John Templeton's Universe: The right-wing philanthropist is pushing the phony science of positive psychology to numb Americans into smiley-faced acquiescence to the status quo. When Malkin Attacks! The right-wing blogosphere whipped itself into a self-righteous frenzy bashing a 12-year-old on S-CHIP—too bad they got everything. Who's afraid of Naomi Wolf? The American intellectual and feminist icon does not believe the Bush Administration is run by Nazis, but she is convinced it uses classic Nazi methodology and that the world should be alarmed. A review of The Death of the Grown-up: How America's Arrested Development is Bringing Down Western Civilization by Diana West. From Taki's Top Drawer, an article on Hitchens unhinged, on Jeffrey Epstein, pervert, and on the neocons and Charles Maurras. From Reason, an article on the culture war on facts: Are you entitled to your own truth? 

From Le Monde diplomatique, how to pay for a free press: In a media world with one eye on the bottom line and the other on the official line, it’s getting harder to publish or broadcast anything that doesn’t promise huge sales and attendant profits, and that doesn’t say or show what is approved. But it’s still possible (and more). An interview with The New Yorker's Hendrik Hertzberg on Bush, blogging, and what's wrong with The Washington Post. The conservative betrayed: Russell Baker reviews The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington by Robert D. Novak. Rupert Murdoch, closet liberal: Fox News President Roger Ailes outs his boss as a Republican-hater.

A review of Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East by Juan Cole. The forgotten reigns that followed Napoleon: A review of The Perilous Crown: France Between Revolutions 1814-1848 by Munro Price (and more). Here's a map of John Bull bombarding France with bum-boats. An interview with John V. C. Nye, author of War, Wine, and Taxes: The Political Economy of Anglo-French Trade, 1689-1900. From TLS, the thinginess of history: A review of Making History: Antiquaries in Britain 1707–2007. The first chapter form The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860-1900 by Duncan Bell. A review of Hubbub: Filth, Noise & Stench in England by Emily Cockayne and London: After a Fashion by Alistair O'Neill. The introduction to Lord Salisbury's World: Conservative Environments in Late-Victorian Britain by Michael Bentley. A review of The Decline and Fall of the British Empire, 1781-1997 by Piers Brendon. The introduction to The Great Naval Game: Britain and Germany in the Age of Empire by Jan Ruger. A review of A History of Modern Germany 1800-2000 by Martin Kitchen. A review of Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy by Eric D. Weitz. A review of The People's State: East German Society from Hitler to Honecker by Mary Fulbrook. An excerpt and a timeline from The Berlin Wall by Frederick Taylor.

From The Economist, an article on why executive stock options are bad for business. Harold James on the perils of financial historicism. From The New Yorker, the blow-up artist: Can Victor Niederhoffer survive another market crisis? A look at the five biggest hedge fund players and just where these new “masters of the universe” spend their billions. The first chapter from Plight of the Fortune Tellers: Why We Need to Manage Financial Risk Differently by Riccardo Rebonato. The introduction to From Higher Aims to Hired Hands: The Social Transformation of American Business Schools and the Unfulfilled Promise of Management as a Profession by Rakesh Khurana.