Joseph Raz (Oxford): Reasoning with Rules. A review of Reasons and the Good by Roger Crisp. A review of Reasoning in Biological Discoveries: Essays on Mechanisms, Interfield Relations, and Anomaly Resolution by Lindley Darden. Arresting developments: Computer science and biological science have a lot to teach each other. Rights and Wrongs: William Saletan on liberals, progressives, and biotechnology. An interview with David Pearce, author of The Hedonistic Imperative, on suffering, happiness and paradise engineering. From Accelerating Future, a look at the top 10 transhumanist technologies, and why the word “Singularity” has lost all meaning. Why care about artificial intelligence? Kaj Sotala investigates. 

From Wired Science, here's a brief history of the Superorganism (and part 2); and Ants, Altruism and the Future of Humanity: Has altruism increased with social complexity and sophistication? Might it actually be driving us towards a kindler, gentler and altogether more successful civilization? And can we engineer our own development as a species? More on the early science of altruism and the future science of altruism. Free Choice + Punishment = Cooperation: In a computer simulation of a multi-player game, cheaters didn't prosper when other participants could choose not to play. When it comes to putting yourself in the shoes of others, cultures that emphasise interdependence over individualism may have the upper hand. A review of Character Strengths and Virtues by Martin Seligman and Christopher Peterson. 

From Discover, a look at the 7 most exciting moments in science (Hint: Newton and Archimedes didn't make it). No @#&!, Sherlock: For every cry of "Eureka! I've found it!" there are a hundred studies that elicit no more reaction than a simple, "Well, no duh". In the half century since Explorer 1, discoveries in space science have radically changed our view of the universe we live in. A review of Faust in Copenhagen: A Struggle for the Soul of Physics by Gino Segre and Uncertainty: Einstein, Heisenberg, Bohr, and the Struggle for the Soul of Science by David Lindley. Dumber in English: Biophysicist and author Stefan Klein wants to ensure the future of German as a language of science. Our academic language is on the verge of atrophy, he says.

From American, the SAT got him into Harvard from a small Iowa town. But now, Charles Murray wants to abolish the test. It’s unnecessary and, worse, a negative force in American life. A review of The Power of Privilege: Yale and America’s Elite Colleges by Joseph A. Soares. John McWhorter on the ugly side of racial diversity in the academy. What's the matter with college? Rick Perlstein wants to know. Halls of Ivy—and crumbling plaster: Amid a building boom, colleges scramble for funds to keep up aging facilities. Comforts on campus: Universities and private companies across the UK are building top-notch student housing, some with free broadband internet, gyms, pools and cinemas. How big money seduces Oxford's brains: Champagne parties? £800 a week for a summer job? These are the kind of lures the banks are throwing out to ensure they get the cream of Britain's brightest students.


The perils of instant reviewing: Getting the measure of a long book in less than 24 hours is usually a pretty tall order. Sometimes they don't need to detain you for that long. From TED, Jonathan Harris wants to make sense of the infinite world on the Web — so he builds dazzling graphic interfaces that help us visualize the data floating around out there. Here he presents "We Feel Fine," a project that scours blogs to collect the planet's emoti(c)ons, and the "Yahoo! Time Capsule," which preserves images, quotes and thoughts snapped up in 2006. The internet is an amazing means of communication spanning the globe, but it also has a dark side: Personal web pages. Is Google's data grinder dangerous? It wants to know more about us than we know ourselves. Stealing Comic Gold: One comic's crusade has sparked a heated debate on plagiarism in the funny business.

Jewel of the Jungle: Traveling through Cambodia, details the history and archaeology of Angkor's ancient temples. The outrage that brews up whenever one of these stories hits the press can give the impression that all video games are violent in a depraved, Clockwork Orange-ish way. But there are thousands of video games, of which most aren’t violent. From Wired, a look at how porn and family-friendly photos coexist on Flickr. The drawings are harmless really. But a US publisher has decided not to publish a series by children's book author Rotraut Susanne Berner. The problem? Cartoon breasts and a half-millimeter-long willy. From The New York Observer, here's more than you ever wanted to know about Kristin Gore’s writing process and three different sources claimed to have spoken to Kurt Vonnegut last—but none has an indisputable claim. Mass Appeal: What one T-shirt company has learned about community power — and avoiding a design mobocracy.

When history class turns into a blur of names and dates, historical fiction may be just what you need to put a face on things. Thomas Mallon talks with Robert Birnbaum about the appeal of novels and the state of publishing. Blogging, the nihilist impulse: Media theorist and Internet activist Geert Lovink formulates a theory of weblogs that goes beyond the usual rhetoric of citizens' journalism. Blogs lead to decay. What's declining is the "Belief in the Message". Instead of presenting blog entries as mere self-promotion, we should interpret them as decadent artefacts that remotely dismantle the broadcast model. An article on the seedy, startling world of virtual economies. From n+1, an article on Bobby Seale, former chairman of the Black Panther Party, at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.  Homer makes celebrity out of what we all have – incompetence – and what we all want – love. And, when it all goes wrong, as it always will, he utters what has become the curse and prayer of Everyman – “D’Oh!”.

From Wired, a look at how YouTube does science, from fruit-fly fight clubs to stem cell extractions. Caught in a Web of Comment: A look at how corporate marketers can reach out to blogs. This is Your Brain on Video Games: Steven Johnson on how gaming sharpens thinking, social skills, and perception. How MySpace Conquered the Continent: It was late to the social-networking party in Europe, but the News Corp. site quickly overtook rivals with features designed for, and by, locals.  A different type of porn: The Four F’s — Food, Fashion, Fitness and Finances — masquerade as news, blotting out information we really need. Reporting on Yourself: How does the Wall Street Journal cover stories about the Wall Street Journal? Holiday From Hell: Pack your cyanide pills! Radar tours the world's worst vacation destinations. Jonathan Coulton is a geek and a postmodern digital pioneer. And he rocks. releasing 52 folk-rock songs in 52 weeks.


From The Atlantic Monthly, a look at why America's growing nuclear supremacy may make war with China more likely. Europe's Last Commune Braces for Battle: Denmark's authorities are growing intolerant of Christiania, a legendary center of love, peace and marijuana, living cheap on some of Copenhagen's best real estate. An article on Redonda, once, twice, nine times a micronation. Guns versus Butter in the Palestinian Authority: For Fatah and its allies to succeed in building a viable alternative to Hamas, they must provide both food for the tables and a credible central security command. He has been in the public eye for well over a decade, yet few of us feel that we know Gordon Brown. In search of a solution to the enigma, Paul Vallely retraces his long journey to power. From The Walrus, today’s super-wealthy are as rich as Rockefeller, but will they be as generous?

Israel's most powerful woman: Tzipi Livni is an ex-spy with Zionist roots who defies stereotypes. She aspires to be the first female premier in decades. A review of Instruction to Deliver: Tony Blair, the Public Services and the Challenge of Delivery by Michael Barber.  A review of The War on Democracy: Conservative Opinion in the Australian Press by Niall Lucy and Steve Mickler. More on AK47: The Story of the People's Gun by Michael Hodges. While the military strategy principle of "Hot Pursuit" might conjure up an image of a car chase or a sheriff crossing over county lines to apprehend an outlaw, it also raises a number of legal and practical concerns. An ancient road with a future: Jonathan Yardley reviews Shadow of the Silk Road by Colin Thubron. A new disease is abroad in eastern Germany: Frauenmangel, lack of women. Bomb scare: An article on Japan's dangerous victimization myth.

In Princes’ Pockets: Tariq Ali reviews America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier by Robert Vitalis and Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation by Madawi Al-Rasheed. A democratic intellectual: A lecturer at Edinburgh while Gordon Brown studied there, John Sutherland looks at the formative figures from the new PM's highly academic past. The Big Chill: An article on current Spanish-American relations. Athens off the map: The European city juts out on the southern Balkan peninsula and exists in contradictions: be it the polemics of educational reform, selective immigration, one God too many or a museum devoid of spoils. A review of The Zen of Fish: The Story of Sushi, From Samurai to Supermarket by Trevor Corson and The Sushi Economy: Globalization and the Making of a Modern Delicacy by Sasha Issenberg (and an excerpt). 

From The Economist, a special report on how, after ten years of Chinese sovereignty, Hong Kong's economy is thriving. But politics remains a one-horse race; and if only Hong Kong were allowed to show China the way politically as it has economically. Ahead of its congress later this year, the Chinese Communist Party is tolerating a surprisingly wide-ranging debate about political reform. A Farewell to Arms Control: Scott Ritter, a former U.N. weapons inspector and the author of Waging Peace, mourns the passing of the United Nations agency charged with monitoring Iraq’s WMD program. Brown's bookishness and intellectualism will be an important part of the style of his premiership. The state power of Beijing's communists and Thimpu's royalists is used to deny freedom to Tibetans and Nepalese under its heel, finds Meenakshi Ganguly of Human Rights Watch.


Bomb proof: Terrorism is no longer much of a “black swan” event for markets.  An interview with Francis Fukuyama on the challenge of positive freedom.  It's taken more than 200 years, but finally a British prime minister has accepted that Hamilton, Jefferson, Madison and Washington were right. From Plenty, an interview with Joel Makower on the future of green business. Was the New Deal un-American? Eric Rauchway on the liberal roots of the imperial presidency. A review of Richard Milhous Nixon: the Invincible Quest by Conrad Black (and more and more). From Harper's, "Undoing Bush: how to repair eight years of sabotage, bungling, and neglect", Chris Mooney on science. Locks of controversy: Rumors that Angelina Jolie had cut off her adopted daughter's hair caused an outrage. Why is hair such a highly charged symbol in the black community? The Science of Success: James Surowiecki on prediction markets. 

From Smithsonian, 100 Days That Shook the World: The all-but-forgotten story of the unlikely hero who ensured victory in the American Revolution. The new Nixon Library will host a ceremony celebrating its debut as an official presidential archives. Whatever is sighted there, we can be confident that Nixon's ghost is not coming back. Fire Foxman: Denying the Armenian Genocide should be the last atrocity perpetrated by the ADL chief. Hedges, Private Equity, and the Little Guy: What happens to corporate and government pension plans when the bottom falls out on hedge funds? Grapes from Greenland: Danish author Jorn Riel describes the beauty and horror of Greenland in his dreams.  The Flag Project runs it up the pole: Ask people about the American flag and you'll get interesting answers. An excerpt from Total Capitalism: Market politics, market state

A review of Chasing Kangaroos : A Continent, a Scientist, and a Search for the World's Most Extraordinary Creature by Tim Flannery.  All bets are on: How a once dirt-poor American Indian tribe opened seven casinos on prime Florida real estate and bought the Hard Rock chain, catapulting itself to immense wealth in a single generation.  Thanks to modern technology, the young can enjoy the dream of frictionless, effortless motion, but should the rest of us feel left out?  The New Science of Parking: Big cities are turning to new technologies and theories to try to relieve an old problem: traffic congestion. The inaugural issue of Turbulence is out. Reason in Politics: A review of Al Gore's The Assault on Reason. From Economic Principals, an article on Everything You Wanted To Know (But Were Afraid To Ask) About Two-Sided Markets. 

Form Cato Unbound, Brink Lindsey on The Libertarian Center (with reaction essays). Voice for a sick planet: Controversial scientist James Lovelock believes Earth will survive global warming. This “great moderation” was not anticipated when Alan Greenspan took office. America’s fiscal policy was then thoroughly deranged – much more so than it is now.  A review of Land of Lincoln: Adventures in Abe’s America by Andrew Ferguson (and an interview).  The Magic of Debt, or, Amortise This! Today we don’t feel guilty about incurring debts, just the opposite – indebtedness is the entry price of being a good citizen, pulling more and more of us into the global financial system. Here Brett Neilson offers some philosophical and political tools for disowning a debt which can never be repaid. A review of An Ocean of Air: A Natural History of the Atmosphere by Gabrielle Walker.


The Invention of the Don: An excerpt from Intellect and Character in Victorian England by H. S. Jones.  From The Pomegranate, a review of  Not in His Image: Gnostic Vision, Sacred Ecology, and the Future of Belief by John Lamb Lash and a review of The Nature of Magic: An Anthropology of Consciousness by Susan Greenwood. Parallel universes, alien religions and Carl Jung: An interview with Clifford Pickover, author of Sex, Drugs, Einstein and Elves. A review of Critical realism today. A review of Facets of Sociality. Freedom's Just Another Word for Nothing Left to Choose: Stoics say freedom is an illusion. That's why they have no choice but to think deeply about the Grateful Dead. In the quiet spa town now known as Marianske Lazne, visitors can relax in the footsteps of Czar Nicholas II, Friedrich Nietzsche, Franz Kafka and Rudyard Kipling.

From TED, starting with the deceptively simple story of an ant, Dan Dennett unleashes a dazzling sequence of ideas, making a powerful case for the existence of "memes". Window of Possibility: Why the Hubble Ultra Deep Field is the most incredible photograph ever taken. While the argument against animal maltreatment is nothing new, some activists are proposing a new, more coherent theory of animal rights that would focus on just one issue: the right not to be treated as human property. But is the world ready even to question the morality of pet ownership, never mind condemn it? Which is better: not good or not bad? For Their Eyes Only: Intelligence agencies are a difficult research topic but too important for scholars to ignore. A review of Alexis de Tocqueville: A Life by Hugh Brogan and Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy’s Guide by Joseph Epstein. A review of Unknown Quantity: A Real and Imaginary History of Algebra by John Derbyshire. 

A review of The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution by Sean B. Carroll. Wrong by design: Guillermo Gonzalez has been denied a physics post by his university. Quite right: you cannot believe in ID and call yourself a scientist. A review of Living with Darwin: Evolution, Design, and the Future of Faith by Philip Kitcher. A review of The God Gene: How Faith Is Hardwired into Our Genes by Dean H. Hamer. A review of The Improbability of God. A review of The Self Awakened: Pragmatism Unbound by Roberto Mangabeira Unger. A review of Feminism and Philosophy of Science: An Introduction by Elizabeth Potter. A review of The Hite Report: A National Study of Female Sexuality by Shere Hite. Listening to MP3s in a storm could blow your mind: Wearing personal stereo earphones in a thunderstorm can conduct the lightning into the head, as a Canadian man discovered to his cost.

From Discover, what’s so friggin' funny? Nothing—laughter is simply how we connect. The Overestimation of Niels Bohr: More on Faust in Copenhagen. A Trip Back in Time and Space: The Harvard Observatory holds more than half a million images constituting humanity’s only record of a century’s worth of sky. Regarding a New Humanism: The true "sacred texts" of the western tradition have been for centuries, those of the great authors. Quantum physics is no less-inspired a monument than the Bible. Nor less ambiguous. And You Thought Your Job Was Rough: A look at the worst jobs in science. Determined to Reinspire a Culture of Innovation: William A. Wulf says innovation in science and manufacturing starts with the eureka moment, in which people discover the reward in solving problems. Says who? You, too, can be a self-proclaimed expert on something, according to an expert on the matter.


From HNN, a review of Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America 1492-1830 by J. H. Elliott. From Literary Review, a review of James Fenimore Cooper: The Early Years by Wayne Franklin. A review of The Shawnees and the War for America by Colin G. Calloway and The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears by Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green. A review of Age of Betrayal: The Triumph of Money in America, 1865-1900 by Jack Beatty. A review of House of Rain: Tracking a Vanished Civilization Across the American Southwest by Craig Childs. A review of Getting Away with Murder on the Texas Frontier: Notorious Killings and Celebrated Trials by Bill Neal.

A review of The Last Days of the Incas by Kim MacQuarrie. A review of A History of the World in Six Glasses by Tom Standage. Round Britain with a pint: A review of The Longest Crawl by Ian Marchant. From The Atlantic Monthly, a review of Women and the Making of the Modern House and Key Houses of the Twentieth Century. A review of Nine Ways to Cross a River: Midstream Reflections on Swimming and Getting There From Here by Akiko Busch. Just Beneath the Surface: Swimming across a river is primal, erotic, solitary, communal and a time to contemplate things big and small.  A review of Leviathan: The History of Whaling in America by Eric Jay Dolin.

A review of Songs of Ourselves: The Uses of Poetry in America by Joan Shelley Rubin. LA history, written on the walls: A review of Graffiti L.A.: Street Styles and Art by Steve Grody.  A review of The Day the Earth Caved In: An American Mining Tragedy by Joan Quigley. A review of The Man Who Invented Flight: George Cayley and the First Airplane by Richard Dee. A review of The Final Call: In Search of the True Cost of our Holidays by Leo Hickman (and more). A review of Up the Organization: How to Stop the Corporation From Stifling People and Strangling Profits by Robert Townsend. A review of Crazy Bosses by Stanley Bing. 

A review of Body Piercing Saved My Life: Inside the Phenomenon of Christian Rock by Andrew Beaujon. A review of The Pyjama Game: A Journey into Judo by Mark Law. A review of Merle's Door: Lessons from a Freethinking Dog by Ted Kerasote.


From Foreign Policy, six regions and territories are craving international recognition. Each has its own government—even its own flag—but lacks independent status at the United Nations. Who will be next to win this coveted prize? A review of International Law and its Others. From Monthly Review, a look at how the South has already repaid it external debt to the North, but the North denies its debt to the South. A review of The Secret History of the American Empire: Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth about Global Corruption by John Perkins. A review of Imperialism and Postcolonialism by Barbara Bush. An interview with Noam Chomsky on religion and politics.

From The Moscow Times, Bringing the Past to Life: Enthusiasts in Kaliningrad re-enact the Battle of Friedland, where Napoleon defeated the Russians. Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves discusses the dispute over the Soviet memorial in Tallinn, why the Nazis were not necessarily worse than the Soviets, and the ethnic Russians plotting against the Estonian state. An excerpt from Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist’s Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine by Timothy Snyder. The richer they come: Can Russia's oligarchs keep their billions - and their freedom? A new cult for a new leader? In Turkmenistan, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov's persona faces Turkmens' murky isolation. Kazakhstan's feuding first family: When the president of an oil-rich former Soviet republic where the ruling family runs everything falls out with his son-in-law it can have huge repercussions. 

A review of The Boys from Dolores: Fidel Castro's Classmates From Revolution to Exile by Patrick Symmes. Lessons of Porto Alegre: The Brazilian experience shows us that local participation can be more than just consultation. Argentina's Power Couple: Cristina Kirchner's path from first lady to president is almost assured. But she's no Hillary (and more). There Goes the Neighborhood: American clout with its neighbors has hit a new low, warns Mexico's ex-foreign minister Jorge Castaneda.

The Lonely Business of Defending America: America can be hard to love these days. And persuading non-Americans even to like it can seem an impossible task. Executive Nonsense: Bush's assertion of privilege is wildly misplaced—and could lead to another Watergate. Maybe we've totally misjudged Mr. Bush. Perhaps he isn't a Kantian after all, but a Marxist, as in Groucho, who famously said, "These are my principles; if you don't like them, I have others".


Katherine Baker (IIT): The Problem with Unpaid Work. From The Boston Globe Magazine, The Daddy Track: As society acknowledges that men can be great parents, the number of single fathers is on the rise. So what is life like for men juggling career, family, and home? A lot like life for single moms; doctors, dietitians, school districts, and "sanctimommies" all have opinions about what you should feed your kids. So, what should you feed them?; "our kids are over-scheduled!" is a major worry and rallying cry for parents today. But is it really just a suburban legend?; and how did mothering get hip?

From The New York Observer, The New Victorians: They fall in love, dear reader, buy strollers, hire cooks—Heath, Michelle, Liv, Nicole join prissy New Bourgeoisie! "We’ve leaped to our parents’ level of success right away". Why Dutch Kids are Happier Than Yours: A progressive educational system and a family-friendly social system helps the Netherlands top a UNICEF survey on the well-being of children. A review of The Dangerous Book for Boys by Conn Iggulden and Hal Iggulden. Blame it on Mr. Rogers: Why young adults feel so entitled. When she heard that a Newcastle councillor had recommended a family of ginger children dye their hair to avoid bullying, Louise Crowe decided enough was enough. Here, she reveals why the time is right for a redhead revolution. 

Field Guide to the Materialist: She's Gotta Have It: We're all bombarded by ads and surrounded by stores, but for some people, stuff reigns and to shop is to be. Communities in Crisis: A look at how sprawl is ruining our lives. A review of The Age of Abundance How Prosperity Transformed America's Politics and Culture by Brink Lindsey. A review of Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States by Hiroshi Motomura. A More Perfect Union: It's time we let legal immigrants vote in local elections. Doing so could save us from becoming like France! The borders of liberalism: Xenophobia is an illiberal response to immigration from the right, but multiculturalism represents much the same thing from the left.


Ian F. Haney López (Berkeley): "A Nation of Minorities": Race, Ethnicity and Reactionary Colorblindness.  Daniel Goldberg (Baylor): Universal Health Care, American Pragmatism and the Ethics of Health Policy: Questioning Political Efficacy. 

An excerpt from The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic. An excerpt from Trade in Classical Antiquity by Neville Morley. An excerpt from Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome by Gary D. Farney. A review of The Beautiful Burial in Roman Egypt: Art, Identity, and Funerary Religion by Christina Riggs. An excerpt from The Political Thought of King Alfred the Great by David Pratt. A review of Medieval Go-Betweens and Chaucer's Pandarus by Gretchen  Mieszkowski. A review of In Search of the Holy Grail: The Quest for the Middle Ages by Veronica Ortenberg. A review of The Saintly Politics of Catherine of Siena by F. Thomas Luongo.

A review of Marxism and Ecological Economics by Paul Burkett.  In economics departments, a growing will to debate fundamental assumptions. The LaRouche Youth Movement: Followers of “the best economist in the world today” are coming to your campus. Scott McLemee reads their literature without giggling. As of June 22, help is on the way for Maine students in the form of Opportunity Maine, an innovative local answer to the student debt crisis.  The Greek government has approved a series of reforms intended to modernise its university system, including the opening of private institutions and placing a limit on the maximum study period. However, the students are protesting. 

From Skeptical Inquirer, The Myth of Consistent Skepticism and The Cautionary Case of Albert Einstein: Being a skeptic implies that we consistently apply the methods of skepticism to all claims. However, all skeptics, even Einstein, are, at best, selectively skeptical; The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) Lab closes, ending decades of psychic research; an article on deciphering Da Vinci’s real codes; and Theatre of Science: Two academics show—somewhat to their own surprise—that there is an audience for a live stage science show. And they have fun doing it. Will others follow?


From LRB, a review of The Poems of John Dryden: Vol. V 1697-1700 and Dryden: Selected Poems; Through the Trapdoor: A review of The Narrow Foothold by Carina Birman; and Marlon Brando didn’t believe in acting, except in real life, and he took every opportunity, in interviews and his autobiography, to trash the profession. It’s tempting to say this is why he was a great movie actor, but the story is more complicated.

From TLS, Orientalist art and photography: A review of Odalisques and Arabesques: Orientalist photography 1839–1925 by Robert Irwin and Ken Jacobson; Images of the Ottoman Empire by Charles Newton; and The Art of Omar Khayyam by William H. Martin and Sandra Mason; a review of Henry James Goes to Paris by Peter Brooks; and a review of A Tranquil Star: Unpublished stories by Primo Levi.

From Mute, in her recent anthology Participation, Claire Bishop targets the suspect utopianism of relational aesthetics – a new model public art for the age of consensus. But, writes Paul Helliwell, her alternative reading of participation, made across a set of historical texts and concerned to preserve the autonomy of art, may have blocked itself with her deployment of the fashionable Jacques Rancière. Tales of Titans and Hobbits: Both Ayn Rand and J.R.R. Tolkien passionately tell their tales about freedom, but they resort to completely different aesthetics, and, in consequence, paint two entirely different pictures of the world, with different heroes and different challenges. Are those differences important?

He coined the term "cyberspace" in his novel Neuromancer. So it's fitting that William Gibson's latest book, Spook Country, will be promoted in cyberspace — in Second Life, to be exact. On the centennial of Robert Heinlein's birth, Scott Van Wynsberghe examines the legacy of one of science fiction's most renowned pioneers. “We must ride the lightning”: An article on Robert Heinlein and American spaceflight. From American Heritage, Star Wizards: How a handful of desperate innovators took special effects to new heights in two 1977 movies—Star Wars and Close Encounters. Lucasfilm's Phantom Menace: Lawrence Lessig on how the Lucasfilm's empire is pulling a Jedi mind trick on collaborative recreators. Is Tinseltown really about to disappear from our cultural radar screens? A review of The Decline of the Hollywood Empire by Hervé Fischer.

From 3:AM, an interview with Bookslam impresario Patrick Neate, author of Culture is Our Weapon. A review of Total Chaos: The Art and Aesthetics of Hip-Hop. How Rap Cat Made It Into This Headline: As old ad agencies try to get a grip on their future, the new guerrilla ad guys think they’ve got it all figured out.

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