From Mother Jones, a message to you, Rudy Giuliani: How the zero-tolerance policies of "America's Mayor" set us up for the Patriot Act and Guantanamo. A review of Ghost Plane: the inside story of the CIA’s secret rendition programme. Pearl's wisdom: A new film about the murder of the American journalist raises the question: why doesn't more mainstream culture delineate radical Islam?

From TNR, who's afraid of Tariq Ramadan? Paul Berman reviews To Be a European Muslim; Islam, the West, and the Challenges of Modernity; Western Muslims and the Future of Islam; and In the Footsteps of the Prophet: Lessons from the Life of Muhammad; the cult of the Washington whistle-blower: Whistle-blowing has become a full-fledged personal identity—a scene with its own specialized lawyers, therapists, 40-odd advocacy groups, a publishing imprint, swag, and even a timeless philosophy; and how energy independence threatens the environment: Bradford Plumer on how Big Coal cozied up to Democrats, and a look at how the Bushies killed the EPA's clean-up program.

Robert J. Samuelson on The Case for Gouging: Higher gas prices may be the best way to slow global warming. Even supporters of alternative energy agree that the easiest way to cut carbon emissions and air pollution is to focus more on efficiency. When it comes to energy sources, nuclear fusion used to be the wallflower. But now, scientists are working to see if it could be a safe and environmentally-friendly way of producing electricity. How to turn global warming into a tourist attraction: Celebrities are flocking to a small town in Greenland – helping to accelerate the very climate-change process they've come to witness.

From FT, Gideon Rachman on Obama and the comforting myth of political consensus. In defence of the rich, sort of: Criticising candidates who fight for the poor while enjoying a life of personal excess misses the reality of American politics. Ezra Klein on giving bigger government a chance: For too long, we've bought the idea that government has failed us. For the record, it isn’t until the fourth page of the introduction to his new memoir, No Excuses, that Robert Shrum begins making excuses. Party Unfaithful: Jeffrey Goldberg on the Republican implosion. The Conservative Mind: Peter Berkowitz on how the American right is a cauldron of debate; the left isn't. From 3:AM, The Last Revolution in Town: An interview with Christopher Hitchens on the death of that other religion: liberalism.

A review of Our First Revolution: The Remarkable British Upheaval That Inspired America's Founding Fathers by Michael Barone. A review of Fallen Founder: The Life of Aaron Burr. A review of Blood and Thunder: An epic of the American West; Crazy Horse: A Lakota life; and Violence Over the Land: Indians and empires in the early American west. A review of Mencken: The American Iconoclast (and part 2). A review of Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy. An interview with Thomas Mallon, author of Mrs. Paine’s Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy.

From New York, Cramer vs. Cramer: “Why does everybody hate me?” The Wall Street maniac explains his critics, the market, and himself. A review of The Last Tycoons: The Secret History of Lazard Frères & Co. And from The Brookings Institution, an article on economic mobility: Is the American Dream alive and well?

Mark Greenberg (UCLA): Naturalism and Normativity in the Philosophy of Law. John Hasnas (Georgetown): The Depoliticization of Law. Russell Pearce (Fordham): The Legal Profession as a Blue State: Reflections on Public Philosophy, Jurisprudence, and Legal Ethics. Curtis J. Milhaupt and Katharina Pistor (Columbia): Law and Capitalism: What Corporate Crises Reveal About Legal Systems and Economic Development Around the World.

From Dissent, teaching Plato in Palestine: Can philosophy save the Middle East?; and an interview with Sari Nusseibeh, author of Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life. A review of Talking India: Ashis Nandy in conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo.

A review of Robert of Arbrissel: Sex, Sin and Salvation in the Middle Ages. A review of Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham.  An excerpt from Empires of the Atlantic: World Britain and Spain in America 1492-1830. A review of Wilfred Thesiger: The life of a great explorer. A review of The Silent Deep: The Discovery, Ecology, and Conservation of the Deep Sea by Tony Koslow and  The Deep: The Extraordinary Creatures of the Abyss by Claire Nouvian.

From PopMatters, a review of New Cultural Studies: Adventures in Theory, ed. Gary Hall and Clare Birchall. A review of Impossible Conservatism [Le Conservatisme impossible: Libéraux et réactionnaires en France depuis 1789]. From n+1, Nikil Saval on V., in honor of Memorial Day. From The New Yorker, How I Spent the War: Günter Grass as a recruit in the Waffen S.S.

From New York, Literary Idol: Discussion of, and the engagement in, the unearthing of pleasantly surprising books, including a gimmicky showdown among the city's most promising up-and-comers, and a critic-compiled list of 60 criminally underrated novels, and more. Publishing gets a little less indie: There’s soul searching among the industry’s little guys as Perseus closes two recently acquired imprints. A review of The Little Book of Plagiarism by Richard A. Posner. Atheist authors grapple with believers: Many books decrying religion's negative influence on the world are bestsellers.

Reading the Book of Jim: The co-discoverer of the double helix is making his DNA public, pioneering the personal genome. A review of The Brain That Changes Itself: Stories of Personal Triumph From the Frontiers of Brain Science. From Wired, "Hacking My Kid's Brain": An article on how a child's neurons were rewired; and researchers claim to have developed the first mathematical model for creating invisibility simulations on a computer. What is it about nitrogen that makes it so eminently employable, so readily and indispensably incorporated into the cell’s premier laboring masses? From Scientific American, A.D. 100 Billion, Big Bang goes bye-bye: Cosmic expansion may leave astronomers of the far future with no hint of the big bang that started it all.

From Governing, data storage is the backbone of today’s Internet economy. But are power-hungry server farms worth wooing for economic development? Jonathan Freedland on how the internet will revolutionise the very meaning of politics. And order is in the Eye of the Tiger: An excerpt from Everything Is Miscellaneous

From Ovi, an article on Levinas' challenge to the modern European identity (and part 2 and part 3). From Eurozine, an essay on the city as stage for social upheaval; and on fish 'n' freedom fries: On regeneration and other London Olympic myths. The French Correction Christopher Hitchens on how Bernard Kouchner, the principled new foreign minister, shows how much France has changed of late.

From Logos, a series of articles on the Sudan crisis, including essays by Stephen Eric Bronner, Alex de Waal, and Douglas H. Johnson. Forget the handwringing over "genocide" in Darfur. What's happening in southern Sudan is enmeshed in a fight to control Sub-Saharan Africa's oil riches. Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka argues passionately for an end to fence-sitting over Darfur.

A dearth of politics in booming Dubai: Rapid change, emphasis on business overshadow concerns on rights. A review of The Khyber Pass: A History of Empire and Invasion by Paddy Docherty. An interview with Sonali Kolhatkar, author of Bleeding Afghanistan: Washington, Warlords, and the Propaganda of Silence. A review of A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini and The Kabul Beauty School: the art of friendship and freedom by Deborah Rodriguez.

From the Journal of International Affairs, the untold story of the Iranian revolution is the slow economic decline of the country. A country that once boasted per capita income levels akin to Spain, now ranks ninety-seventh on the United Nations 2006 Human Development Index. Shirin Ebadi and Muhammad Sahimi on the follies of Bush's policy toward Iran. An interview with Benjamin Netanyahu on dealing with Iran.

An interview with Ed Husain, author of The Islamist: Why I Joined Radical Islam in Britain, What I Saw Inside and Why I Left. A review of City of Oranges: An Intimate History of Arabs and Jews in Jaffa. A review of Law, Violence and Sovereignty Among West Bank Palestinians. Struggling with Zionism: Can a nationalist people be a light among the nations? A review of The Struggle of Democracy Against Terrorism: Lessons From the United States, the United Kingdom, and Israel. A review of The Power of Israel in the United States by James Petras.

A review of The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace. Gathering the Tribes: U.S. field commanders are finally beginning to tap the traditional networks that helped Saddam to stay in power. Laura Rozen on Kurdistan's man in Washington: Q ubad Talabani is one of those cultural anomalies who somehow seem like natural creatures of Washington. From GQ, War, A Love Story: Falling in love across enemy lines. It sounds like something out of a fairy tale. But nothing in war is simple. As this American soldier and his Iraqi wife found out, love in a war zone is difficult, it’s dangerous, and it really pisses off the brass.

From Slate, Suffer the Children: Now that Bush has talked about our kids, can we ask about his? Bush the Neoliberal: George W. Bush is more liberal than you might think. From National Journal, a public's right to know? Recent political campaigns have had their share of mudslinging, but it is only going to get worse as the Internet and dirty politics collide. Noam Scheiber on populist poseur Fred Thompson. The conservative Free Republic purges Giuliani supporters from its website. And on The Paul Paradox: Can a libertarian only win by losing?

From Virginia Quarterly Review, "I'm Nobody": David Baker on Lyric Poetry and the Problem of People; an essay on Life Among Others; and Laugh, Cry, Believe: An essay on Spielbergization and Its Discontents. From NYRB, Fascinating Narcissism: Ian Buruma reviews Leni: The Life and Work of Leni Riefenstahl by Steven Bach and Leni Riefenstahl: A Life by Jürgen Trimborn. From Logos, a review of Murambi, the Book of Bones; and a review of The Second Horseman by Kyle Mills.

"This really is the end (of my manuscript)": Sam Jordison has spent months working to reach this point, but finishing his book is a strangely ambivalent experience. Better great than never: Haven’t completed your novel, symphony or mathematical theorem? Don’t worry. There are plenty of examples of innovation and genius flourishing in later life. In Search of Graham Greene’s Capri: This sparkling island in the Bay of Naples may be known as a summer playground for the rich and famous, but it was also a place where the author of The End of the Affair found the solitude to write.

How raw fish spawned a dining revolution: A review of The Zen of Fish and The Sushi Economy. Arabesque: How are the exotic recipies of the Middle East evocative of the region's culture and history. A review of Obsolete Objects in the Literary Imagination: Ruins, Relics, Rarities, Rubbish, Uninhabited Places, and Hidden Treasures by Francesco Orlando. What is neoclassicism, and why was it so popular among English aristocrats? These are the questions tackled by Viccy Coltman's Fabricating the Antique: Neoclassicism in Britain, 1760-1800.

None is less: Modernist Masterpieces are leveled to make way for Mammoth McMansions. History reduced to rubble: Lindsey Hilsum charts the Chinese government's ambiguous relationship with ancient buildings. La Scuola Napoletana sings again: Conductor Riccardo Muti describes rummaging about in Naples' music archive, where he discovered hundreds of slumbering operatic masterworks.

From The Toronto Star, the forgotten "original Internet": A century ago, two men launched a project to give the public ready access to the sum of the world's knowledge from their homes. Sound familiar?; a review of The Cult of the Amateur: How Today's Internet Is Killing Our Culture; and attention, tech laggards. You're not alone. No one ever stops feeding that machine, they just find better food troughs: A review of Watch This, Listen Up, Click Here by David Verklin. A Future for Newspapers: The "pipes" have more to fear from the coming media shakeout than the content providers do. The Biggest Niche: There has been an explosion of political niche media, but the biggest outlets are best equipped to make sense of the news. William Powers on what a dancing horse tell us about the way digital technology is changing political news.

Newly nasty: Defences against cyberwarfare are still rudimentary. That's scary. and a web of intrigue: Two men’s battle over a domain name shows how far the net has come. A review of by Kieren McCarthy. And Second Life – the online virtual world that is officially classed as a game but has evolved into big business, spawning real-life millionaires who have made a killing in virtual real estate – is at tipping point

The New Establishment: How evangelicals became part of Washington's fabric. A review of The Jesus Machine: How James Dobson, Focus on the Family, and Evangelical America Are Winning the Culture War by Dan Gilgoff. The Young and the Restless: Monica Goodling is merely an emblem of the conservative legal establishment's strange youth culture—one that offers extraordinary opportunities to people at bizarrely young ages. The Goodling Girl: Emily Bazelon and Dahlia Lithwick on how Monica Goodling played the gender card and won. Justice by a Lower Standard: Here are lessons from the U.S. Attorneys scandal.

From Logos, a review of The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era. Niall Ferguson on reviving the evil empire: There is no such thing as the future. There are only futures, plural. Historians are supposed to confine themselves to the study of the past, but by drawing analogies between yesterday and today, they can sometimes suggest plausible tomorrows. Fascism and America: Comparisons between Nazi Germany and today's US government are glib, inaccurate and unworthy. Matthew Parris on why the trouble with democracy is that you just can’ t trust it. A counsel of despair: The age of empires and foreign intervention is over, said Eric Hobsbawm at Hay, and it is far from clear what will replace them.

As the Bush era reaches an undignified end, marred by the Iraq war, Americans are doing what they do best: Chasing their next dream. Come in, it's safe: Claims that illegal immigrants threaten national security are based on a misunderstanding of both immigrants and security. Black culture itself is in trouble: The greatest obstacle to success for middle-class blacks is not white racism but the allure of hip-hop culture. Frank Furedi diagnoses something rotten in the trend to label political or cultural views as phobias that must be treated.

In this era of political correctness, any hint of male/female differences often leads to roaring anger among the masses and, if possible, the firing of a powerful male a la Harvard's Larry Summers - - unless, of course, the said sex difference makes men look animalistic or ridiculous. Beware of the "on ramp" myth currently being peddled to unwitting women. The road back to a full-time career after taking time off to raise kids is far from smooth. Crisis pregnancy centers focus on the woman — and stretch the truth — to save the child.

A review of Waiting for Daisy: A Tale of Two Continents, Three Religions, Five Infertility Doctors, an Oscar, an Atomic Bomb, a Romantic Night, and One Woman’s Quest to Become a Mother by Peggy Orenstein. From IEET, an article on sex selection and women’s reproductive rights. Form Logos, a review of Defiant Birth: Women Who Resist Medical Eugenics and Too Late to Die Young: Nearly True Tales from a Life; Kurt Jacobsen on the mystique of genetic engineering; and Ian Williams on the afterlife of an atheist.

From Reset, an interview with Daniel Dennett on Breaking the Spell. A review of In Defence of Atheism: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism and Islam by Michel Onfray (and more). A Canterbury Tale: A review of Grace and Necessity by Rowan Williams. More on Sacred Causes by Michael Burleigh.

75 years ago in The Atlantic, in the midst of the Great Depression, British economist John Maynard Keynes considered the prospects for capitalism's survival. Humility Kills: Peter Singer on how an ancient virtue hampers the fight against extreme poverty. A review of The Worst of Evils: The Fight Against Pain by Thomas Dormandy. And Death & Politics: Joseph Bottum on how the deepest roots of a civilization are in its funerals and memorials. The dead define culture

A review of Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry. A review of Locke: A Biography. An except from John Wilkes: The Scandalous Father of Civil Liberty. A review of The War on Privacy. A review of New Dimensions in Privacy Law: International and Comparative Perspectives. A review of A Common Law Theory of Judicial Reviews: The Living Tree.

Who's afraid of democracy? A review of The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies by Bryan Caplan. A look at how economists lost Hayek, and then found him. Is eBay rational? Tim Harford on why auction sites make economists so giddy. A Bettor World: Once apprenticed to a bookie, Justin Wolfers of Wharton now draws economic insight from the behavior of gamblers. They may not realize it, but good economists who coach students into the economic way of thinking are actually practicing a type of mental yoga.

A review of The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings, ed. by Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald; Rights and Moral Philosophy by Julian H. Franklin; and The Moral Menagerie: Philosophy and Animal Rights by Marc R. Fellenz. Critics say modern philosophy is a useless waste of time. They are wrong. At its best, modern philosophy tells us how to waste time usefully. Julian Baggini on Descartes’ Meditations (Digested).

From Counterpunch, Robert Jensen on what the Finkelstein tenure fight tells us about the state of academia. What happens at the intersection of brute politics and public higher education? For a case study, review the past year at the University of Massachusetts. A look at why Columbia's expansion plans will benefit West Harlem. Oxford University should end its support for the homophobic, misogynist evangelicals at Wycliffe. Elite colleges open new door to low-income youths: Wanting to keep a role as engines of social mobility, some schools have pushed to diversify economically.

Test-takers, not students: Test madness and centralized curriculum control squeeze creativity out of the classroom. Teach Your Children Well: Joel Waldfogel on the economic case for preschool. IQ is dumb: A test designed in the 1920s sorts the philosophers from the electricians from the copilots and makes one wonder: Whither aptitude? Genes may help people learn Chinese: A link between brain development genes and speakers of tonal languages has been shown for the first time.

The Science of Disgust: A new study explains why we think some things are icky — and marketers are starting to pay attention. If it feels good to be good, it might be only natural: New research is showing is that morality has biological roots that have been around for a very long time. The more researchers learn, the more it appears that the foundation of morality is empathy. Want to improve your relationship? Do the dishes because you really want to: Research finds if you do something positive for your mate, it does it matter why you do it.

Score one for body language: It seems that body shape and the way people walk hold major cues to their attractiveness to others. Have you ever had the impulse to pull your hair out? You may have Trichotillomania. Snooze function: Why do we sleep? And can smart drugs be developed to combat tiredness? And erasing with bread crumbs, pencil as murder weapon, and more: 20 things you didn't know about pencils

From The Wilson Quarterly, Sam Rich on Africa's Village of Dreams: Sauri must be the luckiest village in Africa. "I thought I was lucky because I escaped": An impassioned talk by Mary Kayitesi Blewitt, the charity founder whose family was killed in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide. A review of The Invisible Cure: Africa, the West, and the Fight Against AIDS and 28 Stories of AIDS in Africa.

From Reset, “Let Tariq Ramadan speak”: An interview with Ayaan Hirsi Ali; an article on Ian Buruma, Euroislam and the Enlightenment fundamentalists: An international debate; an interview with Augustus Richard Norton, author of Hezbollah: A History; and Nixon in Egypt: If Richard Nixon were still President of the United States, would he enter into dialogue with the Muslim Brotherhood? An excerpt from Islamic Imperialism: A History. From Reason, an article on Liberal Lebanon: Worth saving, or the hell with it? A review of Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life by Sari Nusseibeh.

From New Statesman, an article on Gaza, the jailed state: The world cannot afford to stand by while the Israeli army and Palestinian militias fight their unwinnable and bloody war. Already, al-Qaeda is exploiting any power vacuum. A review of Peace in the Promised Land: A Realist Scenario, ed. by Srdja Trifkovic. Israel's wasted victory: Six days of war followed by 40 years of misery. How can it ever end? From Logos, is there a new anti-Semitism? An interview with Raul Hilberg; and Lawrence Davidson on Israel's Palestine: Apartheid not Peace. A review of Resurrection and the Restoration of Israel: The Ultimate Victory of the God of Life.

An essay on Turkey, Islam and Pope Benedict. Where every generation is first-generation: As Turks long established in Germany continue to find and marry spouses from the old country, assimilation and modernity are thwarted. Is this the making of a social crisis? The heirs of Turkey’s great secularist couldn’t join Europe. But Muslim reformers may. Europe must let Turkey in: It is in everyone's interest to welcome Ankara into the stagnant club of the EU.

In Sarkoland: William Pfaff on the New France; and how long will Kouchner stay in his post? Is his appointment just a move by Sarkozy to destabilise the left ahead of parliamentary elections? Bernard-Henri Levy investigates. Switzerland's reputation as a haven of tolerance for immigrants has been undermined in recent weeks by calls for a ban on new minarets, a mysterious synagogue blaze and neo-Nazi threats. A review of A Tragedy of Errors: The government and misgovernment of Northern Ireland. And after Tony Blair's flawed mission to save the globe, a new pragmatism will dictate Gordon Brown's approach to war and terror

The essence of Olde England: Exploring the Enlightenment's seamy underside, historian Emily Cockayne brings to life the sights, sounds, and especially the smells of 18th-century Britain in Hubbub: Filth, Noise & Stench in England. A review of Empire of Blue Water: Captain Morgan's Great Pirate Army, the Epic Battle for the Americas, and the Catastrophe that Ended the Outlaws' Bloody Reign by Stephan Talty and The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down by Colin Woodard.

A review of Cape Wind: Money, Celebrity, Class, Politics and the Battle for Our Energy Future on Nantuket Sound by Wendy Williams and Robert Whitcomb. A review of The Clarks of Cooperstown: Their Singer Sewing Machine Fortune, Their Great and Influential Art Collections, Their Forty-Year Feud (and an excerpt). A review of The Fox and the Flies: The World of Joseph Silver, Racketeer and Psychopath.

I am a Goggomobil: Goerg Klein pays homage to the cutest thing that ever graced the autobahn. An interview with Steve Pomper, author of Is There a Problem, Officer? A Cop's Inside Scoop on Avoiding Traffic Tickets. A review of The Longest Ride: My 10-year 500,000 Mile Motorcycle Journey by Emilio Scotto. An interview with Pete Jordan, author of Dishwasher: One Man's Quest to Wash Dishes in All Fifty States (and a review). A review of Terra Nullius: A Journey Through No One's Land by Sven Lindqvist. A review of I Golfed Across Mongolia: How an Improbable Adventure Helped Me Rediscover The Spirit of Golf (And Life) by André Tolmé.

A review of Bullwinkle on Business: Motivational Secrets of a Chief Executive Moose by John Hoover. A review of Naked Thinking: The Power of Feeling Less, Thinking More, and Making Better Decisions. A review of Bigger Deal: A Year on the New Poker Circuit by Anthony Holden. Scrap mania: Scrapbooking, the most popular craft in America, goes upmarket. As a household appliance, the toaster is so common it's become invisible.

A review of The cult of pharmacology: How America became the world’s most troubled drug culture by Richard DeGrandpre and Intoxication in mythology: A worldwide dictionary of gods, rites, intoxicants and places by Ernest L. Abel. It wasn't always that way. A review of Abducted: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens by Susan A. Clancy. And on the real truth about alien abductions: The over-drugged and under-loved make their own way in the world, even when the FBI tries to make them forget

Life, liberty, and the folks back home: First they come to America. Then they start changing the world. From Logos, Philip Green on Immigration: Myths and Principles and Charlotte Collett on France and immigration; and a review essay on The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic and Blowback: The Causes and Consequences of American Empire by Chalmers Johnson.

Bush's Amazing Achievement: Jonathan Freedland reviews Nemesis: The Last Days of the American Republic by Chalmers Johnson; Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower by Zbigniew Brzezinski and Statecraft and How to Restore America's Standing in the World by Dennis Ross. George Weigel on Just War and Iraq Wars. You could be forgiven for thinking that neoconservatives have had their day. But that would be a grave error, warns political philosopher Shadia Drury. More on Are We Rome? The Fall of an Empire and the Fate of America by Cullen Murphy. George Scialabba reviews The War of the World: Twentieth-Century Conflict and the Descent of the West, by Niall Ferguson. A review of The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World by Rupert Smith.

A review of Napoleon in Egypt: The greatest glory, by Paul Strathern. A review of Garibaldi: Invention of a Hero. Less than Frank: A review of FDR by Jean Edward Smith. If Hitler was crazy, too often it was like a fox: A review of The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy.  A review of The Unknown Gulag: The Lost World of Stalin's Special Settlements. A review of The Fire: The Bombing of Germany, 1940–1945, by Joerg Friedrich. A review of In Command of History: Churchill Fighting and Writing the Second World War by David Reynolds. A review of Pearl Harbor: A Novel of December 8th by Newt Gingrich. More on Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power. A review of The Reagan Diaries (and more).

From NYRB, a review of The Averaged American: Surveys, Citizens, and the Making of a Mass Public by Sarah E. Igo. The Specter Haunting Your Office: James Lardner reviews The Disposable American: Layoffs and Their Consequences by Louis Uchitelle; The Great American Jobs Scam by Greg LeRoy; and The Battle for the Soul of Capitalism by John C. Bogle. More and more on Al Gore's The Assault on Reason.

The Unintended Consequences of Hyperhydration: Health-conscious Americans consume 30 billion single-serving containers of bottled water a year. Supporters of new bottle bills are trying to figure out what to do with all the plastic. And increasingly, the military sees energy efficiency — and moving away from oil — as part of its national security mission. Does that mean the Pentagon is turning green?

Daniel H. Nexon and Thomas Wright (Georgetown): What’s at Stake in the American Empire Debate pdf. Illiberal Liberalism: Peter Berkowitz reviews Is Democracy Possible Here? Principles for a New Political Debate by Ronald Dworkin. New Theology, Old Economics: How are we to explain a book like Theology and the Political: The New Debate, a 2005 volume that captures some of the world's best theologians in a compromising relationship with the economic left? Are the anti-global Marxists Negri and Zizek really more useful interlocutors than, say, Douglass C. North, one of the developers of what has come to be called New Institutional Economics?

From Financial Times, under the hammer Online experiments show the problem with auction theories: we’re not rational enough. Economist Bryan Caplan argues that voters are biased, irrational, manipulable and plain ignorant. Is democracy dangerous? From the ivory tower to the barricades! Radical intellectuals explore the relationship between research and resistance: Excerpts from Constituent Imagination: Militant Investigations, Collective Theorization. An interview with Paul Mason, author of Live Working or Die Fighting, on the importance of writing about workers' history. Form Radical Middle, an article on re-inventing American history.

From NYRB, Lee Smolin reviews The Other Einstein Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson; Einstein: A Biography; "Subtle Is the Lord": The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein; The Private Lives of Albert Einstein; Einstein in Love: A Scientific Romance; Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps: Empires of Time; Einstein on Politics; and Einstein on Race and Racism. Steven Pinker reviews The Canon: A Whirligig Tour of the Beautiful Basics of Science by Natalie Angier (and an excerpt).

From First Things, Christoph Cardinal Schönborn on Reasonable Science, Reasonable Faith; an essay on Faith and Quantum Theory; Richard John Neuhaus on A University of a Particular Kind; and an essay on Schooling at Home.

From The Village Voice, Student Loan Xploited: Columbia reels after stock allegations; and city leaders want kids out of large schools and into smaller ones. Now one Brooklyn high school is fighting the mandate to close its doors. A review of A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South by Adam Fairclough. Standardizing the Standards: A good nationwide test of students’ abilities would a) help kids learn, b) encourage teachers to innovate, c) save money or d) all of the above. And on decoding your kid's report card: It is the kind of comment that makes parents long for the brutal clarity of A's, B's and F's