The first chapter from Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory by Randall Collins. Doctors Without Ethics: American physicians were complicit in the Bush administration’s torture policy. A review of The Ethics of Torture by J. Jeremy Wisnewski and R.D. Emerick. From Harper's, an interview with Derek S. Jeffreys, author of Spirituality and the Ethics of Torture. Spencer Ackerman reviews Stripping Bare the Body: Politics, Violence, War by Mark Danner (and more and more). Terrorist for Sale: Jeremy Harding reviews The Guantanamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of US Detention and Interrogation Practices by Laurel Fletcher and Eric Stover. An interview with Caleb Smith, author of The Prison and the American Imagination. When sadism goes systematic: An article on prison rape as policy. Prison boom, economic bust: As punitive as Americans can afford to be. Behind Bars: Jay Parini on memoirs that testify to prisoners' humanity. Old reports suggesting one-third to one-half of all men are apprehended had flaws, but new studies confirm a high rate (and more). Let them vote: Even society’s worst offenders should not lose the vote when they lose their liberty. Perhaps the greatest obstacle to the American justice system is American culture itself; the problem comes long after legislation, and often long after laws have been enforced as prescribed by the statutes. A review of No Winners Here Tonight: Race, Politics, and Geography in One of the Country's Busiest Death Penalty States by Andrew Welsh-Huggins. A death in Texas: Tom Barry on profits, poverty, and immigration converge.