Luciano Floridi (Oxford): What the Near Future of Artificial Intelligence Could Be. Nick Bostrom (Oxford): Ethical Issues in Advanced Artificial Intelligence. From Vox, Kelsey Piper on the AI breakthrough that won the “Nobel Prize of computing”: Three researchers helped take deep learning mainstream — and transformed the world; how will AI change our lives? Experts can’t agree — and that could be a problem; and some AI just shouldn’t exist: Attempts to “fix” biased AI can actually harm black, gay, and transgender people. The revolution need not be automated: AI is unnecessarily being directed toward replacing human labor rather than making it more productive. How artificial intelligence is reshaping repression. The Pentagon needs to woo AI experts away from Big Tech.

Martina Kunz and Sean O hEigeartaigh (Cambridge): Artificial Intelligence and Robotization. Bryan Casey and Mark A. Lemley (Stanford): You Might Be a Robot. John Danaher (NUI Galway): The Philosophical Case for Robot Friendship. How AI will rewire us: For better and for worse, robots will alter humans’ capacity for altruism, love, and friendship. Yoshua Bengio helped create A.I. — now, he worries about “killer robots”. AI disaster won’t look like the Terminator — it’ll be creepier. Alexey Turchin on the AI alignment problem: “Human values” don’t actually exist. How artificial intelligence systems could threaten democracy. Jayshree Pandya on the troubling trajectory of technological singularity.


Shon Hopwood (Georgetown): The Effort to Reform the Federal Criminal Justice System. Heikki Ikaheimo (UNSW): Recognition and the Human Life-form: Towards an Anthropological Turn in Critical Theory. Is Brexit a constitutional crisis, or a political one? The answer matters. How women are transforming organized labor. The Supreme Court case over adding a citizenship question to the census, explained. John Lanchester reviews Nature’s Mutiny: How the Little Ice Age of the Long Seventeenth Century Transformed the West and Shaped the Present by Philipp Blom. The coming era of U.S. security policy will be dominated by the Navy. Can Facebook be trusted to combat misinformation? Sri Lanka’s shutdown suggests no.

Justin Clarke-Doane (Columbia): The Ethics-Mathematics Analogy. America’s government scientists are eyeing a future in politics. Ezra Klein interviews Kate Manne, author of Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny, on why female candidates get ruled “unelectable” so quickly. The Democratic primary may get ugly, but it’s a necessary fight. Democrats’ impeachment dilemma, explained. Game of Thrones isn’t a fantasy, it’s a warning. Resistance can’t be tweeted: Jim Sleeper on how social and political change is built on reading. Sudan is tasting freedom for the first time — we can’t turn back. Should high schools teach sports history? You can download Keywords in Radical Geography: Antipode at 50.


Anna Luhrmann (Gothenburg) et al.: V-Dem Annual Democracy Report 2018​: Democracy for All? Mohammad Ali Kadivar (BC) and Adaner Usmani and Benjamin Bradlow (Brown): The Long March: Deep Democracy in Cross-National Perspective. Brandon Gorman (SUNY-Albany), Ijlal Naqvi (SMU), and Charles Kurzman (UNC): Who Doesn’t Want Democracy? A Multilevel Analysis of Elite and Mass Attitudes. Nate Breznau (Bremen) and Carola Hommerich (Hokkaido): No Generalizable Effect of Income Inequality on Public Support for Redistribution among Rich Democracies, 1987-2010. Seva Gunitsky (Toronto): Democratic Waves in Historical Perspective; and Democracy’s Future: Riding the Hegemonic Wave.

Eva Erman (Stockholm): Does Global Democracy Require a World State? Matthew Graham and Milan Svolik (Yale): Democracy in America? Partisanship, Polarization, and the Robustness of Support for Democracy in the United States. John C. Reitz (Iowa): The Chinese Model of Democracy as Liberal Democracy’s Major Competitor. David A. Bell reviews Democracy and Truth: A Short History by Sophia Rosenfeld. Emily Ford reviews Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties by Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair. Vince Carducci reviews Can Democracy Work? A Short History of a Radical Idea, from Ancient Athens to Our World by James Miller.


Sophie Loidolt (TU Darmstadt): “Who One Is” A Political Issue? Hannah Arendt on Personhood, Maximal Self, and Bare Life. Andrew J. Corsa (Lynn): Grand Narratives, Metamodernism, and Global Ethics. The largest private sector strike in years is over — supermarket workers won. Why did Ukrainians just elect a comedian president? What we learned watching Robert Mueller for 18 months. How the cosmetics industry got to regulate itself and downplayed cancer risks. The 2020 election will take place on two different Internets. The biggest economic divides aren’t regional — they’re local (just ask parents). Julia Bowes on the anti-government ideas fueling anti-vaxxers. Free speech puts U.S. on “a collision course” with global limits on Big Tech.

Eduardo Jimenez Pineda (UNC): The “Disappearing Island State” Phenomenon: A Challenge to the Universality of the International Law of the Sea. Joseph E. Stiglitz on how progressive capitalism is not an oxymoron. Thanks to climate change and geopolitical tensions, reaching the North Pole is increasingly beyond reach. Will Modi drive India away from democracy? New research shows just how badly a citizenship question would hurt the 2020 Census. 13% of the world’s companies are “zombies” — that’s not healthy. Have smartphones really destroyed a generation? We don’t know.


From the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Hugh Gusterson on the blinders on the US nuclear policy establishment; and Joe Cirincione on a new, hopeful moment for US nuclear policy. Elizabeth Warren wants to ban the US from using nuclear weapons first. This is not a drill: Lessons from the false Hawaiian missile alert. What do nuclear bomb explosions sound like? This is exactly how a nuclear war would kill you: This is how the world ends — not with a bang, but with a lot of really big bombs. A nuclear bomb might not kill you — but not knowing how to respond might. When Doomsday comes, Americans will tweet. Reba A. Wissner on pop music and the Bomb.

The threat of nuclear weapons is truly terrifying and no one seems to be paying attention.


Gowri Ramachandran (Southwestern): Math for the People: Reining in Gerrymandering While Protecting Minority Rights. Peter Littlejohns (KCL): Creating Sustainable Health Care Systems: Agreeing Social (Societal) Priorities Through Public Participation. A quantum experiment suggests there’s no such thing as objective reality. Anne Diebel reviews We Want to Negotiate: The Secret World of Kidnapping, Hostages, and Ransom by Joel Simon and Kidnap: Inside the Ransom Business by Anja Shortland. 20 years on, Columbine survivors tell Parkland students: “We’re sorry we couldn’t stop it”. Billionaires raced to pledge money to rebuild Notre Dame — then came the backlash. What we know about the Easter terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka (and more).

Mary Ellen O’Connell (Notre Dame): The Arc toward Justice and Peace. The “debate of the century”: What happened when Jordan Peterson debated Slavoj Zizek. How Zizek should have replied to Jordan Peterson. Should Democrats impeach President Trump? The problem with impeachment: Does Mueller’s report create a “constitutional duty” to impeach Trump? Top Democrats are keeping their options open on impeachment. After release of Mueller report, Democrats face unenviable choices on impeachment. The public, not Robert Mueller, will determine Donald Trump’s fate. Where is Mueller’s counterintelligence assessment? (and more) The Mueller report: A thorny, patriotic addition to a curious American bookshelf (and more). Understanding Facebook’s algorithm could change how you see yourself.


Jared D. Margulies (Sheffield): Making the “Man-eater”: Tiger Conservation as Necropolitics. Cats in ancient Egypt didn’t look the way you think. Ed Yong on the surprising reason zebras have stripes. Jonathan Birch (LSE): Altruistic Deception. Honeybees can solve basic math problems — really. Maya Zhe Wang (Rochester) and Benjamin Y. Hayden (Minnesota): Monkeys are Curious about Counterfactual Outcomes. How the social lives of animals should form part of our conservation culture. An excerpt from Underbug: An Obsessive Tale of Termites and Technology by Lisa Margonelli. We have a new global tally of the insect apocalypse — it’s alarming. So many animals are going extinct that it could take Earth 10 million years to recover (and more).

Benjamin Sachs (St. Andrews): Teleological Contractarianism. From CRS, a report on International Trophy Hunting. Octopuses are smart, inventive creatures — factory farming them would be a disaster. If you care about animals, should you donate to shelters or to stop industrial agriculture? Why animal cruelty should become a matter for dedicated police units. What do we really know about animals’ emotions? Ray Monk reviews Mama’s Last Hug: Animal Emotions and What They Teach Us About Ourselves by Frans de Waal. Frans de Waal on what animals can teach us about politics. Animal rights are important and should not be a secondary political issue. Why animal rights is the next frontier for the Left.


From Constellations, John Welsh (Helsinki): The Political Aesthetic of the British City‐State: Class Formation through the Global City. Rense Corten (Utrecht): Social Dilemmas in the Sharing Economy. Jonne Arjoranta (Jyvaskyla): How to Define Games and Why. Is computer code a foreign language? No — and high schools shouldn’t treat it that way. Tracking phones, Google is a dragnet for the police. Military drills in Arctic aim to counter Russia, but the first mission is to battle the cold. Reclaiming victimhood: Realizing you are a victim can be the first step towards fixing something in the world. The quest for the most elusive material in physics. The introduction to Irrationality: A History of the Dark Side of Reason by Justin E. H. Smith.

From Just Security, here are the first takes from the experts on the (redacted) Mueller report (and more). Here are the biggest bombshells from the redacted Mueller report. A look at the most redacted sections of the Mueller report (and more). Here’s why Robert Mueller didn’t make a call on obstruction of justice. Mueller’s conclusions are very different from what Barr reported. Mueller’s report doesn’t exonerate Trump — but does that matter? Robert Mueller’s report is clear: Congress gets to decide whether Trump obstructed justice. Mueller left open the door to charging Trump after he left office. Mueller made 14 referrals of potential crimes to outside offices. From FiveThirtyEight, is the Mueller report a BFD? Many conservatives are confident Trump will survive the Mueller report’s release.


Marshall Steinbaum (Roosevelt Institute): Antitrust, the Gig Economy, and Labor Market Power. New research suggests the $15 minimum wage is not bad for workers like economists feared (and more). The cooperative movement is showing that worker-owned businesses can not only survive, but thrive. Could expanded ESOPs be the next big economic policy? The trouble with the “working hypothesis”: James K. Galbraith reviews The Once and Future Worker by Oren Cass. How a woman called “Big Labor” could shape economic policy for 2020. Low wage, not low skill: Why devaluing our workers matters. The US is experiencing a widespread worker shortage — here’s why. Workers on corporate boards? Germany’s had them for decades.

William Scarborough, Danny Lambouths, and Allyson Holbrook (UIC): Support of Workplace Diversity Policies: The Role of Race, Gender, and Beliefs about Inequality. Next stop, Uberland: The onrushing algorithmic future of work. Like so many of our lofty ideals, the “American Work Ethic” is actually two different standards — one for the wealthy and one for the poor — with two different interpretations of what work looks like. The death of job stability: Robin Kaiser-Schatzlein reviews Temp: How American Work, American Business, and the American Dream Became Temporary by Louis Hyman. Companies often mislabel employees as “freelancers” to cut costs — workers are fighting back. Can the working class speak? (and more) How to rebuild the labor movement, state by state: What progressives can learn from conservative anti-union advocacy.

From the New York Times Magazine, a special issue on work. Brands are using prison labor to provide inmates with jobs and training — but is it possible and ethical to build a profitable fashion business behind bars? Los Angeles teachers just proved that the common wisdom about unions is wrong. The con of the side hustle: The language portraying second jobs as liberating or glamorous masks the reality of the insecure working lives of many Americans. Minimum wage would be $33 today if it grew like Wall Street bonuses have (and more). Rich Yeselson reviews A History of America in Ten Strikes by Erik Loomis.


Yesha Yadav (Vanderbilt): The Myth of Risk Free Markets. Jessica A. Clarke (Vanderbilt): The Rules of #MeToo. Could an idea for fighting poverty be worth a billion dollars? A basic income could solve 8 of society’s biggest problems. The forgotten reason Congress needs to see the Mueller report: Legislators have a responsibility to police obstruction of justice, according to the Constitution. Memo to the press: How not to screw up on the Mueller report. It’s the Barr report, not the Mueller report. Mad Libs, but for democracy: Dan Zak on the timeless intrigue of redactions. The McKinsey way to save an island: Why is a bankrupt Puerto Rico spending more than a billion dollars on expert advice?

Heidi Gilchrist (Brooklyn): The Vast Gulf Between Attempted Mass Shooting and Attempted Material Support. We need to talk about the ethics of having children in a warming world. How worrisome are the divisions among Democrats? Life after liberation: Timothy Garton Ash on the long shadow of Eastern Europe’s communist past. Why Notre Dame isn’t lost. There is no profound meaning to the Notre Dame fire. The Constitution doesn’t say enough about limiting executive power. Kelsey Piper on Matthew Meselson, the man who stopped America’s biological weapons program. You can download Information Consciousness Reality: How a New Understanding of the Universe Can Help Answer Age-Old Questions of Existence by James B. Glattfelder.

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