From History of Philosophy Quarterly, Eric Schwitzgebel (UC-Riverside): Human Nature and Moral Education in Mencius, Xunzi, Hobbes, and Rousseau pdf. Ernest Young (UT-Austin): The Constitution Outside the Constitution. From German Law Journal, a review of David Kennedy's Of War and Law; a review of Law After Auschwitz: Towards a Jurisprudence of the Holocaust; a review of The Social Construction of Free Trade: The European Union, NAFTA, and Mercosur. A review of State Constitutions for the Twentieth Century, Volumes 1-3.

From ZMag, against and beyond the State: An interview with John Holloway. A review of Warriors into Workers: The Civil War and the Formation of Urban-Industrial Society in a Northern City. Garth Cartwright finds the reality of gypsy life a far cry from the myth perpetuated by musicians and film-makers.

From American Scientist, an interview with Douglas R. Hofstadter, author of I Am a Strange Loop. From New Scientist, a tiny brown speck of tobacco is a 400-year-old national treasure, one that is helping archaeologists uncover the story of the birth of America.

From Smithsonian, what will make you happy? An interview with Daniel Gilbert on why it's so hard to predict. From Soundings, human happiness and the stationary state: David Purdy argues that it is time for rich countries to stop seeking further economic growth; The politics of well-being: Hetan Shah argues that the politics of well-being contains powerful insights which can inform the left across a range of issues, but there are also potential pitfalls; a good-enough life: Fiona Williams argues that a political ethic of care offers a new way of dealing with contemporary changes in family lives and family policies; and Pat Kane on the power of play. A review of Doing Nothing: A History of Loafers, Loungers, Slackers, and Bums in America. From Comment, an essay on vocations, vacations, and politics in public.

From Portfolio, chaos is underrated: In The Black Swan, Nassim Nicholas Taleb excoriates the delusions of economists and their ilk. More on Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s The Black Swan. Pop! Daniel Gross on why bubbles are great for the economy, a look at the most amazing bubble promoters of all time, and take the Bubble Quiz: How much do you know about irrational exuberance?

From The Situationist, an article on the situation of our food (and part 2 and part 3). Buyer Be Wary: An article on the peculiar American habit of demonizing food. From Science News, a grove of evolutionary trees: "Trees of life" show patterns of evolutionary descent, and they fit together mathematically to form an abstract forest. And from Britannica, the Pit Bull Debate: We should try to answer some questions: Why does a dog attack a human in the first place? What do we mean by ”pit bull”? What are pit bulls really like, and how did they get a reputation as a vicious dogs


From Scientific American, new nukes are good nukes? What does it mean when the U.S. government announces plans to create the first new nuclear warhead in two decades? On the horizon appears an approaching religious [and scientific] furor so contentious, any clash of civilizations may have to wait. On one side, a manuscript titled: The Final Freedoms, against all the gravitas religious tradition can bring to bear.

A review of Chalmers Johnson's Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire. Michael Lind on reviving the republican way of war. A review of Collusion: International Espionage and the War on Terror.  Spencer Ackerman reviews At the Center of the Storm: My Years In the CIA by George Tenet. Woodward vs. Tenet: Jeffrey Goldberg on the new intelligence war. An interview with Tara McKelvey, author of Monstering: Inside America’s Policy of Secret Interrogations and Torture in the Terror War.

First They Came for the Latinos: Heard rumors of civilians rounded up, locked up, and searched for papers, lately? Don't worry. That only happens in another America. Defining Hate in the United States: Despite widespread public support, hate crime law across the country remains inconsistent and the crimes often go unpunished. Bully pulpit: Are anti-bullying laws gay? Restoring Legal Accountability: The doctrine of limited liability is central to the rise of unfettered, irresponsible corporate power. It must be challenged in the interests of individual freedom, equality before the law and shared prosperity.

The Enron Enablers: It looks like the financial firms that helped the company cook its books just might get away with it. A new wave of militant consumer is rising, hitting large corporations where it hurts - in the wallet. They're middle-class, sick of bad service and they're not taking it any more. Where consumer culture doesn't quite reach: A study explores squatter communities on outskirts of rapidly developing urban areas. Rich countries may be largely to blame for adding climate change to Africa's litany of problems, but the continent's own politicians have yet to take it seriously.

The World After Oil: As the planet warms up, eco-friendly fuels can't get here fast enough. The latest figures on flights are a disaster for the environment: There is only one way to turn things around: a reduction in the capacity of airports. Thinking Outside the Fox: Rupert Murdoch launches effort to green News Corp.'s operations and programming. John Allen Paulos on global warming, genies and torture: What do they have to do with each other? Maybe a lot.

And from NYRB, Wretched of the Earth: Nicholas D. Kristof on Poor People by William T. Vollmann, and Understanding Poverty; and what's wrong with doctors: A review of How Doctors Think by Jerome Groopman


From The New York Review of Books, The Stasi on Our Minds: Timothy Garton Ash reviews " The Lives of Others", a film directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck and Das Leben der anderen: Filmbuch; and a review of The Coast of Utopia, a trilogy by Tom Stoppard. From LRB, a review of Point to Point Navigation: A Memoir, 1964-2006 by Gore Vidal.

Falling Man's Precarious Balance: Don DeLillo's 9/11 novel is a powerful tale without heroic sentimentalism. In the shadow of the towers: A review of Falling Man by Don DeLillo. Code Red: Don DeLillo, the literary master of the terrorist’s imagination, reaches for the ultimate subject; and a guide to the DeLillo oeuvre. Prospect's Thomas Pynchon correspondent Kamran Nazeer is battling his way through Against the Day—and recording the experience.

From Three Monkeys Online, Dantean Echoes: An article on the influence of Dante on Samuel Beckett and Seamus Heaney; if you're looking for the place where Michael Jackson intersects with Al-Qaeda, look no further than Algerian born novelist Aziz Chouaki's The Star of Algiers; Irish journalist/novelist Declan Lynch places the 'demon drink' firmly, and unrepentantly at the centre of his debut novel The Rooms; and an interview with John Haskell, author of American Purgatorio.

From Ralph, a review of Goodnight, Texas; a review of A Ho-Chunk Autobiography: American Indian Courtship; a review of Cycles of Time and Meaning: In the Mexican Books of Fate; a review of Essays by Lia Purpura; and a reading on The Zen Monks and The Governor. From 3:AM, Charlotte Stretch reviews James Hopkin’s Winter Under Water; Italo Mariconi and Flávio Carneiro debate the Brazilian Offbeat Generation; and Ben Richards talks to A. Stevens about his career as a novelist and screenwriter. From Radar, arthouse queen Miranda July gets literary. From The Sun, a short story: "The Apology" by J.R. Helton pdf.

From PopMatters, a review of The End of the World As We Know It: Scenes from a Life. What happened when Emily Yoffe followed The Secret's advice for two months. Here's an online edition of Swink magazine, including an essay on The Stiff Jew and a look at how Data Will Save Us.

Rupert, White Knight: Murdoch and News Corp. come not to destroy The Wall Street Journal but to save it. A look at how Keith Olbermann's popularity and evolving image as an ideologue has led NBC News to stretch traditional notions of journalistic objectivity (and two responses from Salon).  From Cracked, here are sincere answers to common spam mail. And research finds banner ads work — even if you don't notice them at all


From Asia Times, arm thy neighbor: A review of Militia Redux by Desmond Ball and David Scott Mathieson. Tales of a Fourth Grade Suicide Bomber: Brooke Goldstein's exploration of child martyrs. The New Face of Warfare: A review of A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier; Children at War by P.W. Singer; and Innocents Lost: When Child Soldiers Go to War. An interview with Mark Bixler, author of The Lost Boys of Sudan: An American Refugee Experience. Intellectual imperialism as a fashion-shoot cum missionary visit: Bernard-Henri Lévy's report from Darfur shows that liberal lust for Western intervention survived Iraq.

From NYRB, Rory Stewart on Iraq: The Question. A small war guaranteed to damage a superpower: Patrick Cockburn on what the Bush Administration has wrought in Iraq. Although pleased to see Saddam toppled, some women look back on the prosperity and social liberation of the Ba’athist years with nostalgia. The meaning of freedom: In every corner of the Muslim world, female attire is stirring strong emotions. An excerpt from Iran: The Essential Guide to a Country on the Brink by Stephen Kinzer.

Nationalists march as the army threatens: A look at Turkey torn between God and state. Eight years after the Kosovo war, the UN is preparing to make a final decision on the province's final status. Can independence work? From Eurozine, as recent events around the statue of the Soviet soldier in Tallinn have strikingly shown, Russia remains a major factor in the national narratives of the post-Soviet space. But memory politics is less about the communist past than about the future political and economic hegemony on the European continent. A look at why Putin loves World War II. Russia's six deadly sins: Philip Longworth reviews How Russia Really Works: The informal practices that shaped post-Soviet politics and business.

Adam Michnik on The Other Poland: The second phase of the Polish revolution must not be permitted to consume either the will to freedom, or the democratic state. One Polish legislator has announced plans for a bill that would ban miniskirts and other "enticements", with the goal of reducing street prostitution. But the move is also part of a wider culture war.

From Edinburgh Review, during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, journalists would jump into taxis and ask to be taken to the fighting. Now it's political tourists eager for the scenes of past battles. But are taxi drivers qualified to be their guides? How Spain thrives on immigration: The open-border policy under Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero is driving a Spanish economic and social revival. And the Schweizer Réduit: One of the most famous quotes about Switzerland – probably annoying the hell out of the natives by now – is the closing line of the film "The Third Man"

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