From The New York Observer, Mr. World War IV neocon patriarch Norman Podhoretz sells Rudy on Islamofascism and Thirty Years' War. From TNR, John Judis on the childhood roots of Giuliani's strange views of liberty; and Jonathan Chait on Giuliani's bizarrely punitive far-right economic beliefs. Rudy a lefty? Yeah, right: Who you callin' a moderate? Many of the men who hope to be the next president have made unreasoning, unjustified terror the centerpiece of their campaigns. Which Republican candidate is mas macho? In Iowa, McCain, Thompson and Giuliani vie for the title of Most Manly, in styles that range from low-key to aw-shucks to making glib jokes about torture. The art of the hissy fit: How the hypocritical conservatives use ritual humiliation techniques to keep the Democrats walking on eggshells. In praise of partisanship: If Democrats in Congress want to prevail, they need to stop appealing to Republicans and start fighting more aggressively. Early signs point to Democratic wins in Ohio's 2008 congressional races, with blue candidates out ahead in polling and in fundraising. Even party stalwarts acknowledge that tough times are ahead for Republicans in the state. Remembering Paul Wellstone: Five years ago we lost a politician who fearlessly stood up for the best of progressive ideals. That his positions are now coming into widespread acceptance is a testament of the courage of a man who spoke out for what was true.

From The Nation, a review of White Ethnic New York: Jews, Catholics, and the Shaping of Postwar Politics by Joshua M. Zeitz and Tough Liberal: Albert Shanker and the Battles Over Schools, Unions, Race, and Democracy by Richard D. Kahlenberg. Eight million sots in the Naked City: A review of Dry Manhattan: Prohibition in New York City by Michael A. Lerner; The Diary of a Rum-Runner by Alastair Moray; and Smugglers of Spirits: Prohibition and the Coast Guard Patrol by Harold Waters. A review of The Warhol Economy: How Fashion Art & Music Drive New York City by Elizabeth Currid. Can Buffalo ever come back? Probably not—and government should stop bribing people to stay there. From American Heritage, a look at when Pennsylvania was the earthly paradise. Looking for attractive people? Don't go to Philadelphia. Prince of the city: A review of The Culture Broker: Franklin D. Murphy and the Transformation of Los Angeles by Margaret Leslie Davis. In an unlikely marriage of desire to secede from the United States, two advocacy groups from opposite political traditions — New England and the South — are sitting down to talk. Stretching Freedom: Amongst secessionists, right and left, a true freedom fighter arrives on a mechanical white steed. Secede from the United States? An interview with Rob Williams of Vermont Commons. Jedediah Purdy on how the more US politicians speak about community and responsibility, the more Americans are coming to hate each other.

From LA Weekly, resistance is futile: How Takashi Murakami remade the world in his image. The anti-Chagall: A review of They Called Me Mayer July: Painted Memories of a Jewish Childhood in Poland Before the Holocaust by Mayer Kirshenblatt and Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett. A review of The Most Arrogant Man in France: Gustave Courbet and the Nineteenth-Century Media Culture by Petra ten-Doesschate Chu. Hidden fires: She depicted Scotland in all its raw, shabby glory, but Joan Eardley’s art has long been unjustly ignored. Why? From The Globalist, an article on New London Architecture: How is once-classical London remaking itself into a modern city? A review of Canadian Churches: An Architectural History by Peter Richardson and Douglas Richardson and Old Canadian Cemeteries: Places of Memory by Jane Irwin. From The New York Observer, Robert A.M. Stern, the well-initialled dean of the Yale School of Architecture, doesn’t apologize for his chauffeur’s room at 15 CPW, his suede loafers, his fondness for the past or his designing for George W. Bush.

An excerpt from Curveball: Spies, Lies and the Con Man Who Caused a War by Bob Drogin (and a review). Make Walls, Not War: Iraq cannot be reconstructed as a unitary state, and the sooner we face up to this reality, the better. War is over, if you want it: Is the war in Iraq moving from folly to victory? How are we doing? A look at what Iraqis think of the US occupation. Walking the Freedom Trail: What can the experiences of General Thomas Gage, commander of British forces in North America from 1763 to 1775, teach the United States Army in Iraq? An excerpt from The Sandbox: Dispatches From Troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. Straitjacket Bush: The president's warmongering remarks on the Iranian threat suggest he is psychotic — really. A review of Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the U.S. and the Twisted Path to Confrontation by Barbara Slavin; Iran and the Rise of its Neoconservatives: The Politics of Tehran's Silent Revolution by Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Mahjoob Zweiri; and Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States by Trita Parsi. A review of The Iran Agenda: The Real Story of U.S. Policy and the Middle East Crisis by Reese Erlich. Martin van Creveld on why Iran is highly vulnerable to attack. It may sound counterintuitive but it could just be that Israel is overlooking what is possibly the best option available for avoiding a nuclear Iran. Various branches of the United States armed forces have issued directives to their members to use the term "Arabian Gulf" when operating in the Persian Gulf.

From TLS, Martha Nussbaum reviews The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil by Philip Zimbardo (and more). From Scientific American, a look at how traumatic therapies can have long-lasting effects on mental health. A review of From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture by Mike W. Martin. A review of True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us by Robert C. Solomon. An interview with Satoshi Kanazawa, co-author of Why Beautiful People Have More Daughters: From Dating, Shopping, and Praying to Going to War and Becoming a Billionaire — Two Evolutionary Psychologists Explain Why We Do What We Do. A review of The Body Has a Mind of Its Own: How Body Maps in Your Brain Help You Do (Almost) Everything Better by Sandra Blakeslee and Matthew Blakeslee. A review of Blind Spots: Why Smart People Do Dumb Things by Madeleine L. Van Hecke. An excerpt from Mistakes Were Made (but not by me) by Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson. The first chapter from Strategic Intuition: The Creative Spark in Human Achievement by William Duggan.

From Salon, journalism and its discontents: Ninety years after Walter Lippmann first railed against the complicity of the media in wartime propaganda, we're back at ground zero. A review of Reality Show: Inside the Last Great Television News War by Howard Kurtz. A review of Turning Back the Clock: Hot Wars and Media Populism by Umberto Eco. When one of California's most prominent journalists was shot dead on the streets of Oakland, it shocked the community. But when it later emerged Chauncey Bailey had been murdered for investigating a local group of black activists, it stunned the nation. A review of The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years Reporting in Washington by Robert D. Novak. William Powers on the Art of Drudge: The Drudge Report is alive to the world in all its glory, horror, and absurdity, at a time when newspapers feel paralyzed and inert. From The New York Observer, fame and obscurity at The New York Times: The brand is you! The new new new Journalism thrives on the new anxiety in journalism—avoiding redundancy. Paying for news: Print newspapers are dying as readers stray to the internet. But is online journalism really ready to take over? Why you didn't pay to read this: Should newspaper Web sites really be free?

From Wired, a small press growing, how could it be? From old to new media, blog begets publishing house.  If you want proof that a cultural divide separates Europe and America, the book business is a place to start. A review of How to Talk About Books You Haven't Read by Pierre Bayard (and an interview). Jeremy Brosowsky saw a business opportunity and created Brijit, a Web site that creates 100-word abstracts of articles from dozens of magazines and rates them. Mark of Zotero: If you do research online, there’s a new digital tool that will make your life much easier. Scott McLemee plugs in. From The New Yorker, Anthony Grafton on the future of reading: Digitization and its discontents. Libraries shun deals to place books on Web: Several major research libraries have rebuffed offers from Google and Microsoft to scan their books, instead signing on with a nonprofit effort.  A review of Books on Fire: The Destruction of Libraries throughout History by Lucien X. Polastron. From Britannica, a series of articles on allegedly haunted libraries across the US and the world.

From Foreign Policy, an article on the Globalization Index 2007, with measures of countries on their economic, personal, technological, and political integration. From Financial Times, Naomi Klein argues that ideologues use crises to further the capitalist agenda. Is she right or just scaremongering? Naomi Klein's The Shock Doctrine is like being trapped in the Guardian’s Weekend section forever, with only activists from the European Social Forum for company—in short, it’s not very good. More on Supercapitalism by Robert Reich. Martin Wolf on the brave new world of state capitalism. Rising tide: No, global capitalism is not making the poor even poorer. Democracy, GDP and natural disasters: A groundbreaking new analysis of the effects of natural disasters around the world is revealing that the greater the democracy and national income, the lesser the impact of natural disasters on a country. A review of The Law-Growth Nexus: The Rule of Law and Economic Development by Kenneth Dam. A review of A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World by Gregory Clark. Economics for adults: David Warsh reviews Economics: A Very Short Introduction by Partha Dasgupta. Why is economist Ed Glaeser writing for the New York Sun? Tyler Cowen wants to know.

From Mother Jones, an article on the tribulations of global adoption: The answers are never easy when you enter the labyrinth of global adoption. Looking for their children’s birth mothers: Adoptive parents are increasingly trying to pry open international adoptions by searching for the biological mothers of their children, but finding them can turn out to be the easy part. Rush, little baby: How the push for infant academics may actually be a waste of time — or worse. After Chick Lit, welcome to "baby-sick lit": A review of Baby Proof by Emily Giffin; The Baby Trail by Sinead Moriarty; The Secret Life of a Slummy Mummy by Fiona Neill; and A Bad Bride’s Tale by Polly Williams. What’s in a name? When boys adopt girls’ names and girls adopt boys’, the results aren’t always gender-neutral. A review of Father Knows Less: Or "Can I Cook My Sister?" One Dad's Quest to Answer His Son's Most Baffling Questions by Wendell Jamieson and The Book of General Ignorance by John Lloyd and John Mitchinson. Getting a Life: An article on the challenge of emerging adulthood. The Odyssey Years: The decade of wandering that frequently occurs between adolescence and adulthood is a sensible response to modern conditions. Laura Rosenbury (WU-StL): Friends with Benefits? From Policy Review, an article on friends and the law: Can public policy support the institution of friendship? Parents die, children leave, marriages break down, employers don't need you, but a good friend may see you through it all. And of course, few things hurt more than the loss of true friendship.

From The New York Times Magazine, an article on The Evangelical Crackup: After the 2004 election, evangelical Christians looked like one of the most powerful and cohesive voting blocs in America. Three years later their leadership is split along generational and theological lines. How did it all come apart? Values voters schism: The Christian right is embroiled in an internal culture war, pitting true believers against pragmatists looking for a candidate to satisfy the antitax and neoconservative wings of the GOP. In the 1960s, hippies, rock stars and progressives flocked to Francis Schaeffer's Christian retreat, L'Abri - - but his ideas laid the ground for America's religious right. A review of Jesus Freaks: A True Story of Murder and Madness on the Evangelical Edge by Don Lattin. Who watches the Watchmen: A international, virulently anti-gay group, Watchmen on the Walls, is networking with conservative Christians in the US. Growing up Idahoan: There's one thing about growing up in a place like Idaho: If you can't make friends with conservatives, you won't have many friends. From The Nation, the new right-wing smear machine: A web-savvy form of conservative propaganda, written anonymously and forwarded via e-mail, is altering the political landscape; and the new McCarthyism: Right-wing activists on college and high school campuses are targeting Muslims, Arabs and other Mideast experts, indifferent to the truth or decency of their charges.