Romy Jaster (Berlin) and David Lanius (KIT): What is Fake News? Axel Gelfert (TU Berlin): Fake News: A Definition. Lili Levi (Miami): Real “Fake News” and Fake “Fake News”. Philosophers on fake news: Haeun Kim on Arendt and Foucault on power and truth in media politics. Robert B. Talisse on how there’s no such thing as fake news (and that’s bad news). Joshua Habgood-Coote (Bristol): Stop Talking about Fake News! Ari Ezra Waldman (NYLS): The Marketplace of Fake News. Matteo Monti (SSSA): The New Populism and Fake News on the Internet: How Populism Along with Internet New Media is Transforming the Fourth Estate. The grim conclusions of the largest-ever study of fake news.

Gordon Pennycook (Yale) and David G. Rand (Yale): Lazy, Not Biased: Susceptibility to Partisan Fake News is Better Explained by Lack of Reasoning Than by Motivated Reasoning. Gordon Pennycook, Tyrone Cannon, and David G. Rand (Yale): Prior Exposure Increases Perceived Accuracy of Fake News. Gleb Tsipursky and James Mulick (OSU) and Fabio Votta (Stuttgart): Fighting Fake News with Psychology: The Pro-Truth Pledge. Abby K. Wood and Irina Dykhne (USC) and Ann M. Ravel (UC-Berkeley): Fool Me Once: Regulating “Fake News” and Other Online Advertising.

Mike Ananny on Facebook, facts, and the problem with “a marketplace of ideas”. Mark Zuckerberg lays out Facebook’s 3-pronged approach to fake news. Facebook may have finally found a way to deal with fake news. Facebook proves it isn’t ready to handle fake news.

Pranked conservatives squeal: Sacha Baron Cohen fake-newsed us! Sacha Baron Cohen teaches the Right what fake news really is.

From Congressional Research Service, a report on Justice Anthony Kennedy: His Jurisprudence and the Future of the Court; a report on Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 to 2017: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President; a report on President’s Selection of a Nominee for a Supreme Court Vacancy: Overview; and a report on Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings for a Supreme Court Nominee: Overview. Kavanaugh paper chase threatens to draw out confirmation battle. We measured Brett Kavanaugh’s likely impact on the Court. Why are GOP lawyers different? The Federalist Society has held sway because a large segment of GOP voters care way more about the Supreme Court than they do about foreign policy.

Democratic voters want to see a fight against Brett Kavanaugh — Democratic officials worry there’s not much to do. This is how Senate Democrats should try to stop Brett Kavanaugh. Red-state Democrats’ fears over Kavanaugh vote may be overblown. We are all Supreme Court skeptics now.

The U.S. Senate is facing a legitimacy crisis: America’s House of Lords is about to decide the future of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court doesn’t need 9 justices — it needs 27.

Alessandra Tanesini (Cardiff): Intellectual Humility as Attitude; and Intellectual Servility and Timidity. FEMA was sorely unprepared for Puerto Rico hurricane, report says. An 11-million-ton iceberg is threatening a tiny village in Greenland. Can Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez save the planet? In with the out crowd: Steve Lagerfeld on contrarians, alone and together. There’s no use debating a feeling: It’s time to change how we engage with Jordan Peterson. Can Erdogan make Turkey “great and powerful” again? Scott Pruitt can’t escape his investigations just because he resigned. Scott McLemee reviews some forthcoming titles — hypertopical and otherwise — about which readers might want to know. Annie Lowrey on how Trump should just give people money.

Uncertainty made Russia 2018 the best World Cup in decades. Dhruva Jaishankar on how the World Cup exposes the limits of globalization. Delight and disgust: Casey Walker on the contradictions and complicities of soccer. Why does every soccer player do this? Red cards: Football is for people who can accept a loss. Why groups of 3 will ruin the World Cup (so enjoy this one).

From Lawfare, what to make of Mueller’s hacking indictment (and more). “It’s a big FU from Mueller”. The Mueller investigation keeps growing fast (and more). There is always a Trump tweet, DNC hack edition. Republicans respond to latest Mueller indictment with desperate gaslighting. Rand Paul on Russian election meddling: “We all do it”. Republicans want Russia to get away with it. Trump supporters really don’t care about the Russian indictments — do you? Truth without consequences: Robert Mueller’s latest indictment details how deeply Russia meddled with U.S. democracy to aid Trump, but the president still refuses to condemn it. Will Trump keep pushing Putin’s lies about attacking America? Trump is ticking off every box Putin has for him.

Former Fox News reporter warns that Trump team is “still colluding” with the Russians: Carl Cameron says Trump “is enabling the biggest cyberattack in U.S. history” (and more). How to betray your country in ten short steps. The way Trump and the GOP deal with Russian attacks is “textbook treason”. Jonathan Chait tests the case for Trump as Russian asset (and more).

Heather Hurlburt on what to watch for at the Trump-Putin summit (and more and more). What Trump and Putin want from their historic summit (and more). Why American spies worry when Trump meets Putin. “An amateur boxer up against Muhammad Ali”: Washington fears Trump will be no match for Putin in Helsinki (and more). “Maybe he’ll be a friend”: Trump highlights common ground with Putin ahead of summit. Putin needs America more than we need him — Trump doesn’t act like it. Just sitting down with Trump, Putin comes out ahead.

Trump should ask Putin to release Russian political prisoners. Available in Helsinki: The fate of Eastern Europe. Trump opens his arms to Russia — his administration closes its fist. Masha Gessen on Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, and the triumph of nothing over everyone.

All United Nations members — except the United States — have committed to a compact for safe migration; it is the first global document to tackle the issue and reduce human smuggling and trafficking. Trump’s comments on European immigration mirror white nationalist rhetoric (and more). Let’s drop the euphemisms: Donald Trump is a racist president. For Trump, failure is the only option: He doesn’t want to fix international institutions, just destroy them. Why is Trump undermining NATO and the EU? He just told us. Trump calls European Union a U.S. “foe”, citing trade tensions. “Evil has won”: Pro-American Germans feel betrayed. Germans fear Donald Trump more than Vladimir Putin, poll finds.

Trump fumed, but NATO members got what they wanted. Europe needs to start planning for a future with no U.S. Things will not be okay: Democratic alliances are unraveling, and global peace could be next.

Christopher R. Rossi (Iowa): The Nomos of Climate Change and the Sociological Refugee in a Sinking Century. One of the most worrisome predictions about climate change may be coming true. John Quiggin on why “extremely unlikely” climate events matter. The Paris climate accords are looking more and more like fantasy. Helena Sheehan reviews The Progress of This Storm: Nature and Society in a Warming World by Andreas Malm (and more). We are almost certainly underestimating the economic risks of climate change. Unpersuasive: Why arguing about climate change often doesn’t work.

“Are we prepared to endure lives with less comfort?”: Eric Allen Been interviews William T. Vollmann, author of No Immediate Danger: Carbon Ideologies #1 (and more). David Roberts on how reckoning with climate change will demand ugly tradeoffs from environmentalists — and everyone else; and on what genuine, no-bullshit ambition on climate change would look like. Tropical depressions: Sam Kriss and Ellie Mae O’Hagan on climate change and human futilitarianism. Warming world: Joshua Busby on why climate change matters more than anything else.

Trump’s ancestral village abounds with his relatives — few will admit it. The real story of Donald Trump Jr.: His personal life is in shambles, Robert Mueller looms large, and it’s never been trickier to be the president’s son. Projections of Melania: The First Lady is a gold digger, a resister, a fashion plate, and a cipher. Trump is dragging down everyone around him — including his wife. Josh Fruhlinger on Trump’s baby-cager: Stephen Miller has always been a creepy hater. From Kellyanne Conway to Stephen Miller, Trump’s advisers face taunts from hecklers around D.C. The controversy around Darla Shine, wife of the White House communications chief, explained. Trump’s administration can’t clean house because its leader is too soaked in scandal. History won’t save you: For most of Trump’s cabinet there will be book deals, not prosecutions.

Ronald A. Jenner (NMH): Evolution is Linear: Debunking Life’s Little Joke. Chimpanzees can’t tell us much about being human: Although there is merit in recognizing how we resemble our primate relatives, sometimes we need to understand what sets our species apart. Humans didn’t evolve from a single ancestral population. When evolution is not a slow dance but a fast race to survive: Depending on the gene pool, a species can adapt relatively quickly to new external pressures. Israel Rosenfield and Edward Ziff on epigenetics: The evolution revolution. When it’s good to be antisocial: Sociality is no pinnacle of evolution — it’s just another result of the process. The first chapter from Extended Heredity: A New Understanding of Inheritance and Evolution by Russell Bonduriansky and Troy Day.

From the Palgrave Handbook on the Economics of Manipulation in Sport, Bruce W. Bean (Michigan State): FIFA: Where Crime Pays. Nick Cohen on how the BBC lost the plot on Brexit. The fast and furious Michael Avenatti: In representing the porn star Stormy Daniels, the lawyer thinks he can bring down a president — one cable-news hit at a time. Russian influence campaign sought to exploit Americans’ trust in local news. Aaron Blake on 7 key moments from Peter Strzok’s wild hearing (and more and more). Republicans’ defense of Jim Jordan shows the party is willing to excuse almost any misconduct. An imaginary debate: Stephen Rohde reviews Hate: Why We Should Resist It with Free Speech, Not Censorship by Nadine Strossen.

The queen and the boy from Queens: Seung Min Kim and Ashley Parker go inside Trump’s long fascination with the British royals. Wet, hot, aristocratic summer: Heather Souvaine Horn on Donald Trump, Meghan Markle, and America’s enduring obsession with the British royals.

Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin (SHSU): A View of Racism: 2016 and America’s Original Sin. Dan Demetriou (Minnesota): Ashes of Our Fathers: Racist Monuments and the Tribal Right. Back to the future: Cassandra Porter on our enduring legacy of racism. President Trump is normalizing racism. Donald Trump is not making white people more racist, he’s making them act more racist. Just say it’s racist: The American press is caught between describing Trumpism accurately and avoiding the wrath of the president and his supporters. Michael Harriot on 10 euphemisms for “racist” that won’t hurt white people’s feelings. Laila Lalami on how the social shaming of racists is working.

Kyle Peyton and Gregory A Huber (Yale): Do Survey Measures of Racial Prejudice Predict Racial Discrimination? Experimental Evidence on Anti-Black Discrimination. Extensive data shows punishing reach of racism for black boys. Google has a striking history of bias against black girls. Sean Illing interviews Safiya Umoja Noble, author of Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism. Scientific racism isn’t “back” — it never went away. Rima Basu (USC): The Wrongs of Racist Beliefs. Joseph Heath on redefining racism and the racialization of everything.