Jack Balkin (Yale): Original Meaning and Constitutional Redemption. Seth Barrett Tillman on Noncontemporaneous Lawmaking: Can the 110th Senate Enact a Bill Passed By the 109th House?; Aaron-Andrew P.Bruhl on Against Mix-and-Match Lawmaking; and a reply. An interview with Brian Leiter on Legal Philosophy: 5 Questions.

From Global Law Books, a review of Towards World Constitutionalism: Issues in the Legal Ordering of the World Community, a review of The Limits of International Law, and a review of War, Aggression and Self-Defence. A review of The Philosophy of War and Peace by Jenny Teichman. A review of Why Not Kill Them All? The Logic and Prevention of Mass Political Murder by Daniel Chirot and Clark McCauley. A review of Idealist Political Philosophy: Pluralism and Conflict in the Absolute Idealist Tradition. A review of Pierre Gassendi and the Birth of Early Modern Philosophy. An interview with Harvard's Elizabeth Warren on law, politics and the coming collapse of the middle class.

From Econ Journal Watch, Daron Acemoglu says the economic analysis of constitutions and political structure has been revolutionized by Torsten Persson and Guido Tabellini. But Charles Blankart and Gerrit Koester argue that the new political economics is not that new, and might be a step backwards; development economics has discovered important truths about trade, aid, property, and planning. Ian Vasquez recounts how the truths were pioneered in the work of Peter Bauer, and how the late-comers often neglect that learning; Dan D’Amico and Dan Klein examine the websites of Harvard and George Mason economists, and ask whether the differences speak of differences in character type; and where would Adam Smith publish today? Daniel Sutter and Rex Pjesky show that almost no math-free research appears in top economics journals pdf.

From LRB, Jerry Fodor reviews Consciousness and Its Place in Nature: Does Physicalism Entail Panpsychism? by Galen Strawson and et al. A review of Hours with the Mystics by Robert Alfred Vaughan. A review of Flock of Dodos: Behind Modern Creationism, Intelligent Design, and the Easter Bunny. A database of his letters reveal Darwin's caring, comic side - - in between agonising about his theory. Scientists are reaching a new consensus on the origins and mechanisms of morality, and evolutionary, neurological and social psychological insights are being synthesized in support of three principles. Security check: Why conservatives had happy childhoods but liberals have more sex. Whether it be a hand on the shoulder or a warm embrace, physical contact matters to us all.

Silicon Brains: Computer chips designed to mimic how the brain works could shed light on our cognitive abilities. A look at how fruit flies have displayed rudimentary free will. Fathoming out evolution: A survey of the Weddell Sea uncovers extraordinary biological diversity. Hail Linnaeus: Conservationists—and polar bears—should heed the lessons of economics. From Edge, an interview with Neil Turok on the cyclic universe. A set of results from the Hubble space telescope suggest that dark matter may finally have been “seen”. An interview with Marc Abrahams of the Annals of Improbable Research.

From Slate, You U: How do you start your own university? Man creates online Virginia Tech game, lets the player become the killer. And what's wrong with Arabic-language public schools? Amity Shlaes wants to know


From Conversations With History, an interview with Chalmers Johnson, author of Nemesis: The Last Days of the American Republic, an interview with Niall Ferguson, author of The War of the World: Twentieth Century Conflict and the Descent of the West, and an interview with John Micklethwait on globalization and the conservative movement in the US.

"When we get big, you can expect that from the other side": Harmon Leon infiltrates a right wing protest group. Theocons of the World, Unite! A review of The Enemy at Home: The Cultural Left and Its Responsibility for 9/11 by Dinesh D'Souza.

From Eureka Street, why militant anti-theism is a God-send. Michael Novak on why Christopher Hitchens is a treasure. Jerry Falwell, whose foul rantings prove you can get away with anything if you have "Reverend" in front of your name, is best known for crusading against abortion and homosexuality. But early on, he skillfully used race to galvanize the Christian right, though his successors in the Christian right learned the lesson he never did: how to brand and commodify faith for pop cultural consumption. God without the godfather: How will the religious right get on without Falwell? The Accidental Modernist: An article on the real legacy of Jerry Falwell. A review of The Culturally Savvy Christian: A Manifesto for Deepening Faith and Enriching Popular Culture in an Age of Christianity-Lite.

Tribal Relations: How Americans really sort out on cultural and religious issues—and what it means for our politics. How to be a hippy fascist: An interview with James Delingpole, author How To Be Right: The Essential Guide to Making Lefty Liberals History. Do Republicans still care about social issues? Ramesh Ponnuru and Thomas B. Edsall debate. The Scorecard: There isn't a scorecard of social injustice that makes one group more worthy of equality than others.

How to run against a woman: Thanks to a certain New York senator's presidential candidacy, the battle for the hearts, minds, and votes of America's women has never been trickier. Why are baying men still telling women what to do with their bodies? Ian Bell wants to know. Porn Again: Garance Franke-Ruta on how the new pornographers are exploiting young women, and why liberals should care. A review of Adolescent Sexuality: A Historical Handbook and Guide. Porn for the People: Each day, thousands of suburban sybarites videotape themselves doing the nasty, then post their efforts on the Web.

Lily, Wills and the rest of the world: Our sense of what is private and what is public has change since the advent of MySpace, and other social networking sites. The Decline and Fall of the Private Self: Today's tell-all bloggers and MySpace denizens have made the notion of a guarded personal life feel obsolete. What effect does such exposure have on the psyche? The Therapeutic Culture: Yale Kramer on how we coddle the mentally ill (and responses). The fact is simple: happiness cannot be taught, any more than loyalty can, or truthfulness. How to lose friends and influence politics: A review of Friendship and Betrayal: Ambition and the Limits of Loyalty. A review of A Crowd of One: The Future of Individual Identity (and more).

On the Origin of Grandmas: They pinch your cheeks, knit you sweaters and feed you mountains of mashed potatoes. Is that why you're still alive? Joseph Epstein on Death Benefits: That lives have strikingly different beginnings and wildly various middles, but all have the same ending has a calming effect. And recovering the Disappeared: How do you memorialize people who vanish?


From Spiked, the "disorganised apartheid" of cultural diversity: A review of The Nature of the Beast: Cultural Diversity and the Visual Arts Sector. Fright fans love to praise the visionary efforts of their favorite horror directors. But behind every great terror auteur is usually an unsung macabre master.

From Outlook India, a review of Bollywood: A History. Singapore's Undiscovered Virtuoso: Could a barroom singer-guitarist in Singapore be music's next great discovery? Seattle's Best (and Worst): What happens when architecture pays attention to its surroundings (and when it doesn't). A review of Early Medieval Architecture as Bearer of Meaning. A review of Robert Bevan's The Destruction of Memory: Architecture at War.

From Asian Review of Books, two recent novels pose very different answers to the same question: how does a writer attempt to make sense out of an act of senseless violence? Form Mute, the Dutch are weeping in four universal pictorial languages at least: Marina Vishmidt assesses Otto Neurath's attempt to bridge the world between art and non-art in the terms of current debate and draws a materialist line under any positivistic expectations of the exhibition as research. In Praise of Pageantry: Art and activism together facilitate a larger discussion of politics and theory while reinspiring activists who are tired of the same old marches.

A 1920s Russian literary movement celebrating experimental narratives and absurdism never survived Stalin's reign: A review of The Last Soviet Avant-Garde: OBERIU—Fact, Fiction, Metafiction and OBERIU: An Anthology of Russian Absurdism. The double Prussia: Volker Ullrich is full of praise for Christopher Clark's masterpiece on the Hohenzollern state of Prussia. Czech Book: A retrospective volume summarizes the dark genius of Josef Koudelka. The origins of magic symbols in the highlands of the Caucasus: A review of Tattooed Mountain Women and Spoon Boxes of Daghestan: Magic medicine symbols in silk, stone, wood and flesh.

From TNR, James Wood reviews The Road by Cormac McCarthy. When the Sixties were stifling rather than Swinging: A review of Ian McEwan’s On Chesil Beach. A review of The Shipping News by E. Annie Proulx. An interview with Janine Latus, author of If I am Missing or Dead: A Sister’s Story of Love, Murder and Liberation. From LRB, a review of Can Any Mother Help Me: Fifty Years of Friendship through a Secret Magazine by Jenna Bailey.

The editor of US Vogue Anna Wintour has long attracted opprobrium, but this is ridiculous. An interview with Lewis Lapham, former editor of Harper's. After more than 50 years American Heritage, the magazine that furnished not just the minds but the dens of generations of American history buffs, is suspending publication. As long as the country's media barons enjoy public capital, the public should have a voice—and a vote. The Bancrofts and their ilk have too long espoused democracy everywhere but at home. A review of Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair's End Times: The Death of the Fourth Estate.

Improving on Wikipedia? A new project called Digital Universe aims to make information on the Web better organized and more authoritative. Digg, Reddit, Netscape: Are they the wisdom of crowds or mob rule? And should publishers outsource journalism? A California Web publisher's plan to outsource his site's newswriting to India illustrates a too-common attitude infecting journalism today. And after living in her car for nine months, Anya Peters went from homeless blogger to published author in the blink of an eye


The Teflon Taoiseach: Bertie Ahern took office within weeks of Tony Blair and after 10 years toil, the pair have finally seen peace in Northern Ireland. Mr Blair is stepping down, but his opposite number in Dublin hopes for a second decade in power. What should Gordon Brown do to maximize the chances of Labour achieving a fourth term? Anthony Giddens has some ideas. How much is left of the left? Despite the lack of opposition to Gordon Brown, New Labour's roots are still shallow. A review of The Radical Right in Britain: Social Imperialism to the BNP.

The super judge: Powerful French anti-terrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere believes his country's tough justice system has much to offer other nations in fighting the war on terror. Sex, lies and politics, the French way: They're less prone to adultery than Americans but more forgiving when their politicians philander. A malaise-ridden France just elected the most pro-American president in its history. But Nicolas Sarkozy’s victory doesn’t mean the French are eager to see their socialist perks disappear in a flurry of Anglo-Saxon reforms. Friend or Faux? Olivier Roy on how Nicolas Sarkozy may not be what the French call a “libéral,” but he’s no neocon, either. Immanuel Wallerstein on France and the end of Gaullism.

We want our Europe back! A comparison between the Berlin and the Rome Declarations. The burden of history: Its newest members offer the European Union some history lessons. America and Europe confront a new freeze in their relationship with Russia. Russia memorialized the victory over Nazi Germany, and Vladimir Putin raised his insults to the United States to a new level. Central Asia has long been squabbled over by outsiders. The latest manifestation of this old imperial “Great Game” is a proposed gas pipeline linking Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan with Russia.

An article on the Asian giants' game of chess in Indian Ocean. An article on The Pat Buchanan of India. A map that does justice to the strangeness of the Cooch Behar enclave complex risks either to be too big or too small to show the intricacies of enclaves and counter-enclaves on both side of the Indian-Bangladeshi border. Did Pakistan's president provoke an ethnic war last weekend? A general state of disarray: A slaughter in Karachi, and a vengeful judge, are signs that Pervez Musharraf is struggling to remain in power. Anatol Lieven on why Pakistan must seek unity in the face of extremism.

From Commentary, Norman Podhoretz on The Case for Bombing Iran. A look back at the day Iraq attacked America (accidentally?) twenty years ago. The Army's plan to professionalize Iraq's police could backfire, as militia-infiltrated squads become more effective killers. A truly national army? Iraq's Kurdish soldiers have been welcomed in parts of Baghdad. The Powder Keg Up North: Why Iraqi Kurdistan may be heading for deadly trouble — and Kirkuk may be the flash point. An article on the risk of Turkish intervention in northern Iraq.

Gangs of Iraq: Desperate to shore up its flagging ranks, the military is quietly enlisting thousands of active gang members and shipping them to Iraq. Will a brutal murder finally wake up the Pentagon. It's patriotic to criticize: Fred Kaplan on how our generals got so mediocre. Our government doesn't take care of its veterans. Steve Robinson does. And from TAC, this letter was sent to George Tenet by a group of former intelligence officers. Tenet reportedly received a $4 million advance for his new tell-all

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