From Monthly Review, Who said Marx wasn't green? No amount of "tinkering" with the system will solve things, and, in fact, "tinkering" will increase the speed of the slide toward ecological catastrophe. Personal Choices Won't Save the Planet: All our individual efforts to limit our eco-footprints won't amount to squat if they aren't accompanied by major political action. A review of Break Through: From the Death of Environmentalism to the Politics of Possibility by Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger. Tim Flannery reviews Cool It: The Skeptical Environmentalist's Guide to Global Warming by Bjorn Lomborg. Geoengineering is the Future: The deliberate modification of the Earth's environment will receive ever more attention as the steep and unavoidable costs of mitigating carbon emissions become more obvious. Here's why. 

From NYRB, They're Micromanaging Your Every Move: A review of The Social Life of Information by John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid; Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the American Dream by Barbara Ehrenreich; and The Culture of the New Capitalism by Richard Sennett. Don't blame Wal-Mart, we're getting what we ask for: A review of Supercapitalism The Transformation of Business, Democracy and Everyday Life by Robert Reich (and more and two interviews). The stock market is just a single indicator that often has little do with the health of a very large economy. Wall Street is not Main Street. Wherever there are problems, people look for villains. The subprime mortgage crisis is a case in point. Supply Side Bait and Switch: Politicians promoting the sham of supply-side economics are foolish, but their economic advisors should know better. Globalism and Barbie's behind: The posterior of America's favorite doll can teach your kids a lot about economics.

From ZNet, an article on The New Atheism. From Christianity Today, an article on The Future of Atheism: Damned if you don't, damned if you don't. A new issue of New English Review is out, including Theodore Dalrymple on How To Hate The Non-Existent. Daydream believers: As the numbers of artificial belief systems boom and clamour for recognition, are they close to collapsing beneath the weight of their own foolishness? Getting Religion: A review of Divided by God: America’s Church-State Problem—and What We Should Do About It, by Noah Feldman. Prisons Purging Books on Faith From Libraries: Chaplains in federal prisons have been quietly carrying out a systematic purge of religious books and materials. Legal groups putting God on the docket: Christian advocacy is flourishing as new law field for faithful. Ousted Alabama "Commandments Judge" Roy Moore is waging war on Church-State separation - - and you won't believe the far-out folks who are helping him.

From Parrhesia, Friedrich Balke (Cologne): Restating Sovereignty: On America’s Regaining the Old Sense of the Political; Clare Blackburne (King's): (Up) Against the (In) Between: Interstitial Spatiality in Genet and Derrida; Patrick French (King's): Friendship, Assymetry, Sacrifice: Bataille and Blanchot; Marguerite La Caze (Queensland): Sartre Integrating Ethics and Politics: The Case of Terrorism; Nina Power (Middlesex): Philosophy's Subjects; new horizons in mathematics as a philosophical condition: An interview with Alain Badiou; a review of Husserl: A Guide for the Perplexed by Matheson Russell; and a review of The Aesthetic Paths of Philosophy: Presentation in Kant, Heidegger, Lacoue-Labarthe and Nancy by Alison Ross. A review of Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. A review of Husserl by David Woodruff Smith.

E. O. Wilson on how the Encyclopedia of Life, a new project in biology, should make it possible to discover the remaining 90 percent of species in perhaps a single human generation. Girls Gone Boys Gone Wild: Altering a mouse's sense of smell can seriously mess with its gender identity. Behavioral Science Turns to Dogs for Answers: For a long time, domesticated dogs were seen as just the slobbering, dumbed-down ancestor of the wild wolf. Dogs, though, have learned a few tricks of their own through the millennia — and can teach us a lot about ourselves. It's no secret that we humans are smarter than our primate relatives. But exactly how are we smarter? Higher social skills are distinctly human, toddler and ape study reveals. Will super smart artificial intelligences keep humans around as pets? And other questions from the Singularity Summit.

Glenn A. Davis (ASES): Irving Babbitt, the Moral Imagination, and Progressive Education. For forging higher ideas in young minds, there's nothing like the classics of Western civilization. Eric Foner on Changing History: After 9/11, the history we teach should be a conversation with the entire world, not a complacent dialogue with ourselves. This year, a record number of student activists have been found guilty of terrorist crimes. As the new academic year begins, a look at how universities are dealing with the challenge. Many academics on the supposedly progressive side do not admit that everything they value is intolerable to radical Islam. A tenure bid by Nadia Abu El-Haj, a professor at Barnard, has put Columbia once again at the center of a struggle over scholarship on the Middle East. An interview with Norman Finkelstein, who resigned from DePaul . Ban the bombers? Freedom to Teach: Michael Berube writes about why the AAUP’s new statement on freedom in the classroom matters so much.

From FT, this time it’s personal V.S. Naipaul’s prose is elegant and spare. One of the best writers living today, why does he allow his pettiness to get in the way? A review of A Writer’s People: Ways of Looking and Feeling. From Christianity Today, a review of In a Cardboard Belt! Essays Personal, Literary, and Savage by Joseph Epstein. From The Mises Institute, an essay on The Great Capitalist Novel. A review of Heroes: The Champions of Our Literary Imagination by Bruce Meyer. From Reason, an article on Robert Heinlein at 100: How the science fiction master created the template for our looser, hipper, more pluralist world. One-Hit Wonders: What’s a superhero worth these days, anyway? We may soon be able to scale vertical walls like Spider-man thanks to scientists. What other superhero characteristics are achievable for mere mortals?

From NYRB, the dreamlike paintings of the German artist Neo Rauch are as mystifying and enigmatic as those of any artist at work today, although his figurative scenes, carnivalesque in their rich, surprising colors and tricky shifts from the real to the fantastic, are also among the likeliest to grab the attention of twelve-year-olds. From Forward, an article on Pissarro’s Unquiet Pastoral. A review of Evocative Objects: Things We Think With, ed. Sherry Turkle.  And God created the artist... or was it the other way around? Ever since the dawn of civilisation, artists have been in competition with the gods. The hand-made tale: In cultural terms, authenticity is all-important. But it has always been a tricky notion, a blurry concept even more complex in the contemporary art world. Culture, done right, can be a cash cow for cities: A review of The Warhol Economy by Elizabeth Currid. 

Inspiring modernity: Does Toronto have a fashion scene? Has the Canadian city once described as "New York run by the Swiss" and "Canada’s Big Apple" finally outclassed its American counterpart? The spread of the fashion bug: Fashion and infectious diseases have a lot in common. It’s the same bug, transmitted from New York to London to Milan to Paris, now spreading exponentially; and new notions of what is luxurious are not about brands or even money, but about experience, rarity and wonder: An excerpt from Deluxe: How Luxury Lost its Lustre by Dana Thomas (and more). The Big Brand Theory: More and more young designers are gambling on the mass market. But is it all risk and no profit? The Knockoff Won’t Be Knocked Off: With media coverage of fashion so broad and instantaneous, consumers have been conditioned to seek out the latest styles — and they expect more for less.

From Democratiya, a review of War Law: Understanding International Law and Armed Conflict by Michael Byers and Of War and Law by David Kennedy. A review of An Instinct for War: Scenes from the Battlefields of History by Roger Spiller. A review of The Eye of Command by Kimberly Kagan. A review of Making War to Keep Peace by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick. A review of Where War Lives by Paul Watson. The first chapter from While Dangers Gather: Congressional Checks on Presidential War Powers by William G. Howell and Jon C. Pevehouse. A review of In the Common Defense : National Security Law for Perilous Times by James E. Baker. A review of The Terror Presidency: Law and Judgment Inside the Bush Administration by Jack L. Goldsmith (and more and more and an excerpt and an excerpt).

Ashton B. Carter (Harvard), Michael M. May and William J. Perry (Stanford): The Day After: Action Following a Nuclear Blast in a U.S. City. A review of Annihilation From Within: The Ultimate Threat to Nations by Fred Charles Ikle. Why have some states sought nuclear weapons whereas others have shunned them? The introduction to Nuclear Logics: Contrasting Paths in East Asia and the Middle East by Etel Solingen. An interview with Harry Helms, author of Top Secret Tourism: Your Travel Guide to Germ Warfare Laboratories, Clandestine Aircraft Bases and Other Places in the United States You’re Not Supposed to Know About. From Der Spiegel, an interview with Mohamed ElBaradei: "We are moving rapidly towards an abyss". A review of Doomsday Men: The Real Dr. Strangelove and the Dream of the Superweapon by P.D. Smith. A review of Incendiary Circumstances: A Chronicle of the Turmoil of Our Times by Amitav Ghosh.

From GQ, Donald Rumsfeld, the much maligned former secretary of defense, talks about his time in office—and insists he has nothing to apologize for; and Colin Powell was pushed aside in the run-up to war, but as he tells Walter Isaacson, he, too, bears some of the blame. Who disbanded the Iraqi Army? And why was nobody held accountable? From TNR, finally, it all makes sense! An article on the important Iraq reports summarized. What Congress needs to ask Petraeus and Crocker: If we're staying in Iraq, we need to know why. The Real Message? We're Screwed: Forget Petraeus. It's Ambassador Crocker's glum assessment that made an impact. From National Journal, with America distracted in Iraq and deeply divided at home, some experts see the current atmosphere as unusually ripe for strategic surprises

From Democracy, After Iraq: A Symposium: The invasion and occupation of Iraq have profoundly changed the entire region. Once U.S. troops do come home, what comes next? What should American strategy be in the Middle East? Planning for Defeat: How and when should the U.S. leave Iraq? George Packer investigates. Washington's serious stars: US foreign policy experts who got the Iraq war badly wrong are still somehow holding sway. Can lobbyists stop the war? Conference calls and e-mail messages to Congress have mostly replaced antiwar demonstrations and street theater. But it’s not clear if that makes for a more effective protest movement. From American Heritage, a look at how Iran and Iraq made peace—and America lost. The Myth of AQI: Fighting al-Qaeda in Iraq is the last big argument for keeping U.S. troops in the country. But the military's estimation of the threat is alarmingly wrong. A review of The U.S. Army/Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual.

A review of Dead Certain: The Presidency of George W. Bush by Robert Draper. A review of Broken Government: How Republican Rule Destroyed the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches by John Dean. Republicans do not need to debate who is conservative enough. They need to argue about what conservatism is. Conservatism as a philosophy no longer produces ready-made answers to the quandaries that face the country or the voters. America the Ugly: Norman Podhoretz on the politics of the left. A review of The Fall-Out: How a Guilty Liberal Lost His Innocence by Andrew Anthony. Paul Starr on why red scare attacks on liberalism are red herrings. Breaking the Game: Politics might just be a game, but it's still broken. Ideology is back with a vengeance, and psychologists are willing to study it, even if sociologists and political scientists are still reticent. A study suggests that some political divides may be hard-wired (and more).

Is there anything good about men? A look at how culture exploits men. Sensitivity's slippery slope: On the absurd overtures bowing down to men of violence. Why men should be included in abortion discussion: Locking men out of conversations about abortion often comes at a great expense. An interview with Lisa Jean Moore, author of Sperm Counts: Overcome by Man's Most Precious Fluid. Not Just for Erections: On the 15th anniversary of the little pill that changed sex lives around the world, a look at Viagra's many other uses. Over the last six years, hundreds of teenage boys have been expelled or felt compelled to leave the polygamous settlement that straddles Colorado City, Ariz., and Hildale, Utah. Thong politics: The history of shortsighted laws to control young people's underpants. Us Against Phlegm The quest to discover why men spit so much. Ptooey!

From The New Humanist, a review of The Bible: A Biography by Karen Armstrong. An interview with Robert Alter, editor of The Book of Psalms. A review of Decline and Change in Late Antiquity: Religion, Barbarians and their Historiography by J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz. A review of The Early Christian Book by  William E. Klingshirn and Linda Safran. A review of Praeambula Fidei: Thomism and the God of the Philosophers by Ralph McInerny. Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach was the man who brought religion down to earth. When worlds collide: Scientists must not indulge mysticism.  Christopher Brookmyre explains why his latest book is dedicated to Dawkins, Randi and the debunkers of pseudo-science. John Allen Paulos on mathematics, religion and evolution in school curricula. 

From Edge, Country Life in Connecticut: Six scientists find the future in genetic engineering. Michael Sandel on Designer Babies: "There’s a growing debate about what limits, if any, should be put on genetic engineering". Carl Zimmer on The Meaning of Life: We create life, we search for it, we manipulate and revere it. Is it possible that we haven't yet defined the term? Genome 2.0: Detailed explorations of the human genome are showing that individual genes may have complex structures, and that much of what had been called junk DNA is not junk at all. Study finds evidence of genetic response to diet: It is becoming clear that the human genome responds to changes in diet, even though it takes many generations to do so. A review of The Immortalists: Charles Lindhbergh, Dr. Alexis Carrel and Their Daring Quest to Live Forever by David M. Friedman (and more).

A review of The New Time Travellers: A Journey to the Frontiers of Physics by David Toomey. From Popular Mechanics, where will the next 50 years in space take us? Leading thinkers from Buzz Aldrin (a robot fan) to Arthur C. Clarke (he wants a sub-orbital joyride) on where they think the half-century ahead could lead. The Mix Tape of the Gods: Contemplation of Voyager’s billion-year future among the stars may make us feel small and the span of our history seem insignificant. Not in my back yard: Private efforts to avert disaster in space. Baptistina's terrible daughters: Astronomers have traced the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs (and more). Digging for Dinos in the Land of Genghis Khan: Can a first-time dinosaur hunter make it through a dig in Mongolia? The asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs 65 million years ago was a wayward fragment from a violent collision in the asteroid belt.

From Prospect, Eroticising Edinburgh: Edinburgh has hardly been neglected by writers and filmmakers. But a new film is the first to put sex into the city. From nth position, a review of Black and White and Blue: Adult Cinema from the Victorian Age to the VCR by Dave Thompson. Stranger Than Fact: The recent DVD release of 300 raises the following question: What is it about fiction that makes otherwise sensible people celebrate fascism. Out of this world: Why is fantasy taking over our TV screens? Natalie Haynes unravels a mystery. Too much to bare: Nicole Kidman is an award-winning actor. So too is Maggie Gyllenhaal. So why do they still have to expose their bodies in order to get into the public eye? Once Hollywood's enfant terrible, Spike Lee is now directing blockbusters and TV shows. But he is still fighting for black cinema.

From Editor & Publisher, a special report: Who said print is dead? Weeklies duke it out everywhere. From The New York Observer, a look at how The Guardian is trying to reclaim America; Rocking Deck at Daily News: The roof of the Daily News remains intact. But, according to several News staffers, if it’s not the roof, it’s the floorboards; and a look at MSNBC’s Dan Abrams’ War of Faith against CNN. A review of Katie: The Real Story by Ed Klein. Katie Couric at One Year: The First Solo Female Anchor should probably be the First Solo Female Anchor to Quit. After all, she doesn't like it, right? Bogus Trend Story of the Week: The Boston Globe's story about girl-on-girl attacks. Guilt Trip: There's no question that ad revenues are migrating from old media to new, but we as Web consumers need not feel remorse about it. 

From Open Letters Monthly, Wikipedia is destroying our culture; so are YouTube, MySpace, and Google; and all your damn blogs, too—or so says Andrew Keen. Greg Waldmann exposes Cult of the Amateur, and the amateur authorship behind the screed. The Colonial Roots of Political Blogging: An interview with Aaron Barlow, author of The Rise of the Blogosphere. You Are Who You Know: " If I want reading recommendations, Amazon, I’ll turn to people who really do know me. They’re called friends". Numberpedia is aspiring to be the Wikipedia of Numbers. A review of Send: The Essential Guide to Email for Office and Home by David Shipley and Will Schwalbe. Squashing Worms: Defeating computer worms that mutate will take some smart defense strategies. Sick of spam? Brace yourself for bacn: A term has been coined to describe the growing flood of emails we seem to want – just not right now.

From Le Monde diplomatique, an article on Bin Laden as a Fantasy Figure: Riches beyond belief. A review of The Faces of Terrorism: Social and Psychological Dimensions by Neil Smelser (and the first chapter) and The Lesser Jihad: Recruits and the Al-Qaida Network by Elena Mastors and Alyssa Deffenbaugh. The introduction to What Makes a Terrorist: Economics and the Roots of Terrorism by Alan B. Krueger (and a review). A review of The Islamist: Why I joined radical Islam in Britain, what I saw inside and why I left by Ed Husain and Inside the Global Jihad by Omar Nasiri and Gordon Corera. The Convert's Zeal: Radical Islamism has become a magnet for some of the world's angriest people. A review of Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamic Turn by Asef Bayat. 

Constructing conflict: In many Western cities, plans to erect mosques often stir more passion than any other local issue—and politicians are leaping into the fray. Brothers in Arms: The United States and the Muslim Brotherhood have more in common than they think. But if the Brotherhood is to win over American skeptics, its actions will have to match its words. Islam, the American way: Why the United States is fairer to Muslims than “Eurabia” is. The world left the US behind: If you look at the issues being debated in the wider world, the US is not at the forefront of global debate on any of them — except terror and security. Todd Gitlin reviews What They Think of Us: International Perceptions of the United States Since 9/11.  America is obsessed with the prospect of bad news: A review of The Culture of Calamity: Disaster and the Making of Modern America by Kevin Rozario.

From Telos, an essay on degrees of enmity and the "War on Terrorism". Susan Faludi on America’s Guardian Myths: Our original “war on terrorism” bequeathed us a heritage that haunts our reaction to crises like the one that struck on that clear morning in the late summer of 2001. A review of Stuart Croft's Culture, Crisis and America's War on Terror. David Cole and Jules Lobel on Why We're Losing the War on Terror: Going on the offensive has only made us more vulnerable. From Commentary, a review of The Power of the Vote: Electing Presidents, Overthrowing Dictators, and Promoting Democracy Around the World by Douglas E. Schoen.  After the neocons: people will still vote for democracy. His Toughness Problem—and Ours: Ian Buruma reviews World War IV: The Long Struggle Against Islamofascism by Norman Podhoretz.

From Dissent, a review of The Enemy at Home The Cultural Left and Its Responsibility for 9/11 by Dinesh D’Souza. No, it's the dog that wags the tail: A review of The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy by John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt (and an interview). Hooked on War: Norman Solomon on the secret addiction of Thomas Friedman. From Counterpunch, an article on intellectuals and the "War on Terror": An Occident waiting to happen. From New Left Review, Alexander Cockburn investigates the disappearance of the anti-war movement: co-opted by the Democrats, captive to the logic of the War on Terror. Can we handle the truth? America's selective memory and massacres long since forgotten: An excerpt from Howard Zinn's A Power Governments Cannot Suppress. Noam Chomsky has peered into the abyss of the future with the eye of a true skeptic, and a review of Interventions

From New Statesman, John Pilger on how class allows us to connect the present with the past and to understand the malignancies of a modern economic system based on inequity and fear. Role models aren't only middle-class: The instinct of any caste or class is to reproduce itself, and so it is with the black and urban middle classes. An excerpt from The Missing Class: Portraits of the Near Poor in America. Sweet charity? When a government fails its poor, giving can become a radical act. Big Gifts, Tax Breaks and a Debate on Charity: Though the rich are giving more than ever, some ask whether the public benefits of philanthropy are commensurate with the tax breaks that givers receive. A review of Are the Rich Necessary? Great Economic Arguments and How They Reflect Our Personal Values by Hunter Lewis. A review of Deluxe: How Luxury Lost Its Luster by Dana Thomas. Hey, Big Spenders: Will the rich save the economy

From NYRB, Michael Tomasky reviews The Assault on Reason by Al Gore. Neutrality is cowardice: Journalists who provide a platform for climate change sceptics should summon up the courage needed to help defend the planet. A review of The Revenge of Gaia by James Lovelock. Arctic Land Grabs Could Cause Eco-Disaster: After nations carve up the fast-melting region, will there be anything left? From Orion, an article on Lessons from the New World: Success is beginning to look a lot like failure. Consider Using the N-Word Less: Voluntary actions didn't get us civil rights, and they won't fix the climate. Eco-capitalists save Mother Nature by charging for her services: The eco-capitalists are coming, and they aren't wielding Thoreauvian platitudes about the sanctity of nature. 4 robots that are saving the world: Smart machines help fix humanity's ecological screwups. A review of The World Without Us by Alan Weisman.

From Essays in Philosophy, Steven Schroeder (Shenzhen): All Things New: On Civil Disobedience Now; Hourya Bentouhami (Paris VII):  Civil Disobedience from Thoreau to Transnational Mobilizations: The Global Challenge; and Piero Moraro (Stirling): Violent Civil Disobedience and Willingness to Accept Punishment; a review of Beyond Justification: Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation by William P. Alston; a review of The Continental Ethics Reader; a review of Rights from Wrongs by Alan Dershowitz; a review of Philosophy of History: A Guide for Students by M.C. Lemon; a review of On Education by Harry Brighouse; a review of Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality by David Wiggins; and a review of Heidegger and the Politics of Poetry by Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe.

From GeoTimes, Controversy in the Cradle of Humankind: In Kenya, the so-called cradle of humankind where some of the most famous fossils of early humans have been found, a battle has been brewing over what has been a more characteristically American controversy: evolution versus creationism, and science versus religion. Do we need the original Lucy fossil? There are casts of it all over the world. The Toba volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago may have drastically altered Earth’s climate. New research suggests humans were flexible enough to survive these changes. Who Built Stonehenge? Human remains more than 4,000 years old have helped scientists discover the identity of its architects. Anti-authoritarian Cities: Archaeologists have discovered that Brak, a Syrian city and one of the oldest urban areas in the world, was built in a way that completely defies conventional wisdom about how cities grow. 

From Governing, Higher Purpose: America produces the world’s best universities, but not enough graduates. Can states fix higher ed? Welcome to Fleece U: Our mission is to take feckless teenagers like you and turn them into full-fledged debtors. Who Gets In — and Why: A review of Creating a Class: College Admissions and the Education of Elites by Mitchell Stevens. A review of Until Proven Innocent: Political Correctness and the Shameful Injustices of the Duke Lacrosse Rape Case by Stuart Taylor and KC Johnson (and more, and an op-ed by Taylor and Johnson). From Campus Progress, an article on the racial politics of college newspapers: Why college newsrooms are often neither diverse nor racially sensitive. From Inside Higher Ed, in a major expansion of higher ed role, The New York Times will help some colleges offer online, non-credit courses, while providing content and social networking for others.