From Slate, the Torture Two-Step: Phillip Carter on Bush's new torture order and its loopholes. War Crimes and the White House: The dishonor in a tortured new "interpretation" of the Geneva Conventions. The erotic undertones of the administration's words on enhanced interrogations: Why is it the more the White House refines the rules, the pervier things get? Long before Abu Ghraib, Pfc. Lynndie England posed for photographs for her then-boyfriend Charles Graner and violated military rules: An excerpt from Monstering: Inside America's Policy of Secret Interrogations and Torture in the Terror War

An interview with sociologist Katherine Newman, author of The Missing Class, on the "near poor," that vast pool of workers who are neither officially destitute nor comfortably working-class. Richie Rich 101: More and more camps are teaching trust-fund kids to handle the wealth headed their way. Little millionaires who want for nothing, except maybe more time with Mum and Dad: An excerpt from Richistan: A Journey Through the 21st Century Wealth Boom and the Lives of the New Rich by Robert Frank. A review of The Last Tycoons: The Secret History of Lazard Freres & Co. by William D. Cohan. 

Can Gates, Soros and Branson create a better world?  Saving the planet used to be a hobby practiced by treehuggers and other romantics. Now it has become the business of executives and billionaires. Pragmatists like Bill Gates, George Soros and Richard Branson are outdoing themselves in a bid to save the planet by applying a good dose of entrepreneurial spirit. Worried About the Weather, and the Land: Four writers report on how the environment is faring in their parts of the globe. Here are their dispatches. A review of Storm World: Hurricanes, Politics, and The Battle Over Global Warming by Chris Mooney. More on The World Without Us by Alan Weisman (and more and more).

From TNR, a review of Overdose: How Excessive Government Regulation Stifles Pharmaceutical Innovation by Richard A. Epstein. Dying for Lifesaving Drugs: Will desperate patients destroy the pharmaceutical system that produces tomorrow's treatments? Does Europe have higher-tech health care than the US? Jonathan Cohn investigates. Sending Back the Doctor’s Bill: Fixing the health care system may require a difficult conversation. System failure: Healthcare has no shortage of convenient bad guys. But it's the system itself — not those who exploit it — that's ultimately to blame for our healthcare crisis. A review of Citizen Moore: the Making of an American Iconoclast by Roger Rapoport.


From PS: Political Science and Politics, Pei-te Lien ( Utah), Dianne M. Pinderhughes (Notre Dame), Carol Hardy-Fanta (UMass- Boston), and Christine M. Sierra (UNM): The Voting Rights Act and the Election of Nonwhite Officials. Christopher H. Achen and Larry M. Bartels (Princeton): It Feels Like We’re Thinking: The Rationalizing Voter and Electoral Democracy. The devil in democracy: A review of The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies by Bryan Caplan and The Rise of the Unelected: Democracy and the New Separation of Powers by Frank Vibert.

A review of Milton Friedman: A Biography by Lanny Ebenstein. A review of Discover Your Inner Economist by Tyler Cowen. Think green: Green politics and the study of economics are beginning to share a platform, thanks to a number of new websites and books. The original Republican Party Reptile is back: PJ O'Rourke's sharp, stylish commentary on Adam Smith, champion of the free market, is already an American bestseller. As it hits the shelves in Britain, this dour 18th-century philosopher is once again the talk of the town – and the author shows the colour of his money.

"Oh, I'm kind of a philosopher, too. I LOVE Ayn Rand": Is human excellence the mark of mental illness?  A review of a new edition of Disputed Questions on the Virtues by Thomas Aquinas. Virtue on the brain: Neuroscience is demanding that we put good habits at the centre of child rearing. A Mind for Sociability: Brain structure offers clues to evolution of human emotional intelligence. You know the old saying, "If it ain't broke, don't fix it." For many people, though, it is broken, and we need to fix it. What's broken is the brain, especially the emotional brain, and the consequence is a life dominated by mental suffering. 

A review of IQ: the brilliant idea that failed by Stephen Murdoch. Redundancy testing: Charles Murray, erstwhile champion of the SAT, has changed his mind about the test — and says it's time to scrap it. From The Black Commentator, getting black boys to read: Hip hop enters the fray (and that might not be a good thing). A review of Tested: One American School Struggles to Make the Grade by Linda Perlstein. Joanne Jacobs on The Underdog Imperative: Win or lose, kids shouldn’t be shielded from competition.


From The New Yorker, an article on The Magical Grasp of Antiques. The E Decade: Was David Shenk right about the dangers of the Internet in 1997? From n+1, Dispatches from the Jewish Imagination: A review of Michael Chabon's The Yiddish Policemen's Union and Nathan Englander's The Ministry of Special Cases (and more and more from Bookforum). A review of Femininity in Flight: A History of Flight Attendants by Kathleen M. Barry. An article on Reason's Peter Bagge, a cartoonist who's quick on the draw. The spies who never left us: The bad guys are back, and the new cold-war thriller cannot be far behind. Why We Color Butter Yellow: An excerpt from Moveable Feasts: The History, Science, and Lore of Food by Gregory McNamee. The rise and rise of the Brutalists: Curious about who and what exactly the Brutalists are? Look no further: here's a definitive guide. An article on the first name in English dictionaries. It isn't Johnson.

A review of Queuing for Beginners: The Story of Daily Life from Breakfast to Bedtime by Joe Moran. Green Unseen: Environmentally friendly buildings don't need to look like cheese wedges. From Wired, bird, plane or SuperMensch? Jews and superheroes share a rich history. Thirty years after Umberto Eco’s brilliant essay titled “Travels through Hyper-reality” (now a paper-back book), hyper-fakery has gone global: Mickey Mouse has taken up residence in both Paris and Shanghai (and part 2). They Aren’t Sluts—Just Missbehavin’: Bad-girl mag Missbehave celebrates its first anniversary—and hot dads, sex toys, sneakers, Lily Allen. From AJR, Norman Pearlstine, Company Man: An editor revisits his role in Plamegate.  From TAP, Harry Potter and the Complicated Identity Politics: J.K. Rowling subtly critiques, yet ultimately hews to, a fantasy script dependent on stereotypes culled from real-life racism.

A review of Playing America's Game: Baseball, Latinos and the Color Line by Adrian Burgos Jr. Athletes of the sky: A review of A Very British Coop: Pigeon Racing from Blackpool to Sun City by Mark Collings. There's a huge market in the US for books of the political analysis and investigative journalism sidelined by the mainstream press. But are enough Americans picking up copies to make a difference at the polls? Vintage Classics may have had TS Eliot's theory on tradition in mind when it launched its latest wheeze, which involves the pairing of past and modern masters. A dream life of parties, glamour - and lavatories: A review of Wicked Whispers: Confessions of a 3am Gossip Queen by Jessica Callan. Like Florida without the humidity: A review of Tommy's Honor: The Story of Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris, Golf's Founding Father and Son by Kevin Cook.

A review of Sin in the Second City: Madams, Ministers, Playboys, and the Battle for America's Soul by Karen Abbott (and more). From Asia Times, Burmese literature has yet to acquire an international reputation, even though it is rich with a sense of the oppression in the military-run country. It's hard for a literary agent to contact a client hiding in the jungle. Though the U.S. capital is home to scores of memorials, just a handful of them command the attention of most visitors. Clay Risen takes a tour of Washington’s other monuments. Andrew Keen says the internet is populated by second-rate amateurs - and that it is swiftly destroying our culture. A review of Reading Comics: How Graphic Novels Work and What They Mean by Douglas Wolk (and more). Jan Herman is still pondering why Noam Chomsky's recent article, "Imminent Crises: Threats and Opportunities" was listed on the right wing cultural site Arts & Letters Daily, which delivers best ideas at high speeds (As if!)


From The Globalist, corruption plagues all walks of society today, including governance and education. But is corruption necessarily bad for developing countries? An article on why the US should ratify the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Team colours: Can sport really unite a multiracial nation? What used to be forged on battlefields are now being attempted on sports fields.  God's ambassadors: The Vatican has one of the world's busiest but least-known diplomatic services. Does it deserve its special status? A review of Doomsday Men by PD Smith and The Atomic Bazaar by William Langewiesche (and more and more). Brain Drain II: Immigrants let glass ceiling gather dust: Reports shine the light on a global labour market in which talented newcomers aren't sticking around for a breakthrough job.

The meaning of Europe is reconciliation: An interview with Ferdinando Riccardi, columnist for Agence Europe.  Preparing for tougher times: Belarus's president Alyaksandr Lukashenka is worried about the future. Sven Lindqvist's Terra Nullius recounts Europe's disastrous collision with the peoples of Australia. A review of The Boys From Dolores: Fidel Castro's Classmates From Revolution to Exile by Patrick Symmes. Since last year's historic elections, political and economic progress in Congo has stalled, while war drums are rumbling in the country's east. In an interview with Der Spiegel, prominent Russian writer and Nobel laureate Alexander Solzhenitsyn discusses Russia's turbulent history, Putin's version of democracy and his attitude to life and death. A review of Planet India by Misa Kamdar. The Bored Whore of Kyoto: A look at how European johns line up to tap Russia's carbon reduction potential. 

The truth about the Arab media: Arab liberalism flourishes in London. From Forward, Martin van Creveld on how Israel is training for the wrong war. What if I'm kidnapped by terrorists? A how-to guide for hostages overseas. The least useful reaction to terrorism is to dismiss it as an inscrutable evil: A blind faith in the moral superiority of our own way of life will only hinder efforts to tackle violent extremism. An excerpt from Security First: For A Muscular, Moral Foreign Policy by Amitai Etzioni (and part 2). "I won't be an Uncle Tom": Prominent German-Iranian author Navid Kermani speaks to Ali Fathollah-Nejad about Islam and Iran, European values, and why he won't have anything to do with the Islam industry. Peter Beinart on how to deal with dictators. Michael Crowley on how K Street cashes in on the Armenian Genocide.

Alan Dershowitz says being a pro-Israel liberal doesn’t mean being lonely. Howard Kurtz on A Blog That Made It Big: The Huffington Post, trending up and Left. George H. Rosen on the American leap of faith — and ignorance. Time was that the g-word was unpronounceable by critics on the right or left. It is a measure of how much the world has changed since September 11, 2001, that the prospect of genocide shocks neither. An article on Greg Palast, progressives and investigative journalism. An interview with Columbia University's Glenn Hubbard, co-chair of Governor Mitt Romney’s Economic Advisory Committee. Crafting a Better Political Apology: Why politicians apologize badly, and how they could improve. (Are you paying attention, David Vitter?) On Stage Left An interview with Kate Clinton, political humorist. A review of Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency by Nigel Hamilton. An article on blue-state G.O.P. Senators: Who will survive?


From FrontPage, a symposium on criminalizing Holocaust denial, with Alan Dershowitz, Deborah Lipstadt, Roger Kimball, and Gregory Glazov. As we’ve all learned in school, 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, only 30% is solid ground. What if everything was reversed? What if every land mass was a body of water, and vice versa? From The Wilson Quarterly, Soldiering Ahead: For three decades, women have been moving up in the world. They run corporations, colleges, even countries. So what has changed? What's different about female leaders? Compensating the Wrongly Convicted: With an increasing number of exonerated inmates being released, states vary widely on the reparations they make to innocent people they have imprisoned. The behavior of the bald eagle falls under the rubric of kleptoparasitism, which makes the bird a fitting symbol of the U.S.  government, especially as regards foreign policy.

Robert Baden-Powell's scouting movement is 100 years old, but how has his advice to young people — written up a year after the first Scout camp — stood up over the years? Profits vs. Partners: Are the country’s top law firms going the way of the dinosaur? From New York, Disaster Relief: Why did we feel oddly liberated thinking that the terrorists had struck again, finally? Balancing the wheel of life: In seeking good health, be mindful of the lessons of the moose, experience of native people suggests. Orthodox Paradox: The 12 years Noah Feldman spent at a yeshiva day school made him who he is. Now the school doesn’t acknowledge who he has become. A reflection on religion, identity and belonging (and an interview). Key aspects of national security, including intelligence and analysis used to create the President's Daily Brief, have been turned over to private corporations.

From The Nation, a cover story on Purple America: Democrats are poised to seize a historic opportunity to win back voters in the South and West they started losing four decades ago. Max Blumenthal is Rapture Ready: The Unauthorized Christians United for Israel Tour. Consumers of counterfeit branded products may be dupes or they may be shrewd shoppers, but they are also communicators; people who demonstrate literacy in the meanings attached to certain symbols in the marketplace both of goods and ideas. A review of An Acceptable Sacrifice? Homosexuality and the Church. Accounting for good people: Surprising as it might seem, the Big Four accountancy firms have lots to teach other companies about managing talented people. The Optimism Revolution: Optimism as you know it isn't always the best medicine. In the new view, behavior trumps positive outlook. Why a healthy mentality paints the world in light and shadow.

From America, Behind (and Beyond) the Walls: A review of Nuns by Silvia Evangelisti. The joys of partial recall: If you can't remember the name of your favourite movie, don't worry: You're not alone. The Myth About Boys: We've been fretting about them for a decade. But young men are better off, socially and academically, than ever. From Adbusters, an essay on Jazz and Jihad: The Discourse on Solidarity. No objections here: Supply-and-demand has top law firms' "summer associates" hitting pay dirt without breaking much of a sweat. Thirty years after feminists made key advances, Italian teenagers are coveting jobs as showgirls, dancers and quiz show hostesses. How have Italian women been held back by rules and customs? How has the image of the house-confined mamma, with daughters dreaming of fame and success through beauty, endured? Are you kidding? Tubal ligation procedures denied to young women who don’t want children.


A review of Perfect Spy: The Incredible Double Life of Pham Xuan An, Time Magazine Reporter and Vietnamese Communist Agent by Larry Berman. A review of Women's Roles in Nineteenth-Century America by Tiffany K. Wayne. A review of Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA by Tim Weiner ( and more and more and more). Democracy has never been an idyll: Thomas Jefferson, principal author of the Declaration of Independence, had never actually read any of the works of Plato he so airily cited. A review of No Retreat, No Surrender by Tom DeLay (and more). 

From TNR, a review of Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York by Hilary Ballon. A review of The Fabric of America: How Our Borders and Boundaries Shaped the Country and Forged Our National Identity by Andro Linklater. A review of MacArthur by Richard B. Frank. Who was this "Great Liberator"? A review of Lincoln Unmasked: What You're Not Supposed to Know About Dishonest Abe by Thomas J. DiLorenzo. Alger Hiss Rides Again: Spy case erupts; defenders turn to Nixonian tactics. A review of LeMay: A Biography by Barrett Tillman. How Slavery Destroyed Virginia: A review of Dominion of Memories: Jefferson, Madison, and the Decline of Virginia by Susan Dunn.

A review of The Second Gilded Age: The Great Reaction in the United States, 1973-2001 by Michael McHugh. In our era of legalistic nitpicking over dull charters of rights, the (re)publication of Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence and Thomas Jefferson: Author of America by Christopher Hitchens should make your heart beat faster. A review of The Limits of Sovereignty: Property Confiscation in the Union and the Confederacy During the Civil War by Daniel W. Hamilton. A review of Cheney: The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President by Stephen Hayes (and more and more). A review of Age of Betrayal: The Triumph of Money in America, 1865-1900 by Jack Beatty and West form Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America After the Civil War by Heather Cox Richardson.

From National Review, an interview with Stephen F. Hayes, author of Cheney: The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President. A review of Nixon and Kissinger by Robert Dallek. David Gordon reviews The Ruses for War: American Interventionism Since World War II by John B. Quigley. A review of Savage Peace: Hope and Fear in America, 1919 by Ann Hagedorn. Edward Luttwak reviews The Reagan Diaries, ed. by Douglas Brinkley. A review of Henry Kissinger and the American Century by Jeremi Suri. BBC's Document uncovers details of a planned coup in the USA in 1933 against FDR which included George W. Bush’s grandfather, Prescott. The Great Triumvirate: A review of The President, the Pope, and the Prime Minister: Three Who Changed the World by John O’Sullivan.


A review of Being Shelley: The Poet's Search for Himself by Ann Wroe. Leading literary firms failed to recognise the work of Jane Austen when it was sent in by a prankster. The opening chapters of three novels were submitted under an invented name, with titles and character names changed. Think you can do better? Try our opening line quiz. From LRB, The Astor Place Riot: A review of The Shakespeare Riots: Revenge, Drama and Death in 19th-Century America by Nigel Cliff. In some ways, one might regard the literary couples whose intimate relationships inspired Katie Roiphe’s Uncommon Arrangements as performance artists. From American Heritage, a look at how Alaska gold formed Jack London. From TLS, a review of Cahiers de la Guerre et Autres Textes by Marguerite Duras. A review of Nancy Cunard: Heiress, Muse, Political Idealist by Lois Gordon. Invisible book: A new biography provides the context for Ralph Ellison's failure to finish a second novel (and more from Bookforum). From The Nation, I'm not the man I used to be: A review of Peeling the Onion by Gunter Grass.

Face Book: A review of The Post-Katrina Portraits: Written and Narrated by Hundreds. A review of Island of the Lost: Shipwrecked at the Edge of the World by Joan Druett. A review of F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the Twentieth Century by Mark Levine. A review of The Obsession: Tragedy in the North Atlantic by John Chipman. A review of Dancing With Rose: Finding Life in the Land of Alzheimer's by Lauren Kessler. A review of Insulin Murder: True-Life Cases by Vincent Marks and Caroline Richmond. A review of Six Feet Over: Adventures in the Afterlife by Mary Roach (and more). From New Statesman, stand-up poet Luke Wright tackle ten existential questions. A review of Failure: An Autobiography by Josh Giddings. A review of Mere Anarchy by Woody Allen.

In the Wall Street Journal deal, the question is when, not if, Rupert Murdoch would take control. Will Rupert Murdoch's play to own and operate the Wall Street Journal have a silver lining for liberals? Eric Alterman investigates. Swept Away by the River of Money: The Wall Street Journal, which the heirs of the Bancroft family are in the process of selling to Rupert Murdoch, is the ultimate symbol of the capitulation of the "American century" to the forces of economic change.

Goodbye to Newspapers? Russell Baker reviews When the Press Fails: Political Power and the New Media from Iraq to Katrina by W. Lance Bennett, Regina G. Lawrence, and Steven Livingston and American Carnival: Journalism Under Siege in an Age of New Media by Neil Henry. From AJR, A Fading Taboo: Paper by paper, advertising is making its way onto the nation’s front pages and section fronts. Should newspapers become local blog networks? From TAP, how the press workers at the Los Angeles Times bucked the paper's legacy and organized at the notoriously anti-union employer. Have media drunk enviro-Kool Aid? Jack Shafer says reporters and editors are losing their heads by cozying up to environmental cause. He's wrong. Bruce Bartlett on the changing world of commentary. Shut Your Loophole: Add loophole to the list of words that should be banned from journalism.


From The Economist, how to deal with a falling population: Worries about a population explosion have been replaced by fears of decline. If a country wants to keep its population up, it should promote IVF. A review of Embryo Culture: Making Babies in the Twenty-First Century by Beth Kohl Sarah and Everything Conceivable: How Assisted Conception is Changing Men, Women, and the World by Liza Mundy. Japan's population is ageing fast and shrinking. That has implications for every institution, and may even decide the fate of governments. In the Ruins of Empire should inform our thinking about calling on Japan to make reparations to "comfort women". China's corpse brides: An article on a lucrative, grisly market for grave robbers and murderers. An interview with Xinran, author of The Good Women of China

China's Chicago: A giant city in the south-west is a microcosm of China's struggle to move millions from rural to urban areas. Despite its attempt to impose "capitalism with Chinese characteristics" in an effort to preserve the authority of the Communist state, Beijing will soon find that it can no longer silence the many who speak out against tyranny and corruption. Scared of China's economy? You should be. The Sopranos State: How North Korea’s crime empire functions. North Korea's no Mozambique: A review of North of the DMZ by Andrei Lankov. A matter of honour: A row over the UN's record in North Korea gets very close and personal, to everyone's detriment.

A review of Asian Godfathers: Money and Power in Hong Kong and South East Asia. From The Economist, ten years after Asia's financial crisis, the region is booming again. Has it fully recovered or are economic mistakes being repeated? Left behind by Asia's rise:  Nature has dealt Papua New Guinea a tough hand. Even so, reformers have already shown how it could be doing much better. The survivors of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia were witness to one of the greatest atrocities in human history. Many cannot bring themselves to speak of it. The French children of these survivors are trying to come to terms with their parents' silence. A review of Perfect Hostage: A Life of Aung San Suu Kyi by Justin Wintle. 

A review of The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan by Yasmin Khan. A review of Gandhi: The Man, His People and The Empire by Rajmohan Gandhi. The Gandhis' girl: The election of India's president is a modest boost to the government. The Internet's Spice Route: An excerpt from The Elephant and the Dragon: The Rise of India and China and What it Means to All of Us. A review of Shadow of the Silk Road by Colin Thubron (and more). A review of Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang by James Millwoard. A review of The Khyber Pass: A History of Empire and Invasion by Paddy Docherty. A review of Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalisation by Nayan Chanda. Going nowhere: Despite reports in the Financial Times, there's no backlash against globalisation — only against growing inequality and social immobility.


From Turbulence, at the end of the 20th century many involved in various movements around the world had the sense that we were winning. In 2007 things appear much more complicated. What would it actually mean to win? Politics in an age of fantasy: If progressives want to be a meaningful political force in the 21st century we need to start dreaming, argues Stephen Duncombe; Sandro Mezzadra and Gigi Roggero on the crisis of the "movement of movements"; how do we engage with existing social struggles without falling back into empty sloganeering? Ben Trott suggests the idea of directional demands might provide a way out of the impasse; if the cell form of capitalism is the commodity, the cellular form of a society beyond capital is the common.

Nick Dyer-Witheford discusses the circulation of commons and the conditions they would create for new collective projects and waves of organising; the demand for a basic income de-linked from wage labour appears to be gaining ground, in parts of Europe at least. But is it really as radical as it sounds?; Euclides André Mance celebrates a new mode of production which is expanding as part of a network revolution, and argues that it could form the material basis for new post-capitalist societies; the crazy before the new: Complexity, critical instability and the end of capitalism; and politicising sadness: After the euphoria of the event, the melacholy of the comedown, as our power-to-act wanes and we sense new possibilities receding.

The threat from outer space: An article on the ultimate environmental catastrophe. A look at why climate engineering is doable, as long as we never stop. James Hansen finds it almost inconceivable that "business as usual" climate change will not result in a rise in sea level measured in metres within a century. Is he the only scientist who thinks so? The Rain in Spain Stays Mainly in the Plain, Or Does It? Climate change explains shifting rainfall patterns: wet places getting wetter and dry places drier. The localvore's dilemma: Sometimes buying local food helps in the battle against climate change. Sometimes it doesn't. And sometimes, it's just too confusing to decide. Ten Dispatches About Place: As Everywhere becomes Nowhere, we establish private landmarks for the presence of the eternal in daily life. 

Married Man Seeks Same for Discreet Play: He has a loving wife, a small child—and sex with men on the side. How the Internet has made it easier than ever to lead a detection-proof double life. Why do men kill their wives? Could some of these murders really be no more than "divorce substitutes"? The upcoming trials of Neil Entwistle and James Keown might provide some answers. Helen Fisher on The Laws of Chemistry: Whom you are most attracted to reflects the biology of your brain as much as the heat of your heart. And it may not have to do with us—it's all about the kids; and Marriage, a History: Long ago, love was a silly reason for a match. How marriage has changed over history. Is monogamy natural? A lifetime of love versus a quick roll with a stranger. It's funny how we can have two seemingly opposite urges at the same time. Ron Jeremy will hit the open highway with Pastor Craig Gross, founder of the anti-porn Web site XXXchurch.com, to debate the issue of pornography. Is it seriously wrong to have virtual sex with a virtual child? Peter Singer on virtual vices.


From Harper's, what is, and to what end do we study history? If we adhere rigidly to the truth, to a quest for the truth, Friedrich Schiller tells us, we will move forward. A review of The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: From Marathon to Waterloo by Sir Edward Creasy. Empire and Its Discontents: A review of The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain by Nicholas B. Dirks; The Roman Predicament: How the Rules of International Order Create the Politics of Empire by Harold James; and Among Empires: American Ascendancy and Its Predecessors by Charles S. Maier.

The history book that has everything: What do you want from a history book? Knowledge, interpretation, style, restraint — and strong opinions. The New Penguin History of the World has it all. From Polis to Imperium: A review of The Classical World: An Epic History from Homer to Hadrian by Robin Lane Fox. A review of Cultural Borrowings and Ethnic Appropriations in Antiquity. A review of Xenophon's Retreat: Greece, Persia and the End of the Golden Age by Robin Waterfield. A review of La "crise" de l'Empire romain de Marc Aurèle à Constantin. Mutations, continuités, ruptures. We're just a flea bite away from catastrophe ourselves: A review of Justinian's Flea: Plague, Empire, and the Birth of Europe by William Rosen (and more and more and more).

A review of Europe's Reformations, 1450-1650: Doctrine, Politics, and Community by James D. Tracy. A review of The Pursuit of Glory: Europe 1648-1815 by Tim Blanning (and more). A review of Napoleon: The Path to Power 1769-1799 by Philip Dwyer. A review of Napoleon in Egypt: The Greatest Glory by Paul Strathern. A review of Rites of Peace: The Fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna by Adam Zamoyski. A review of A Turn to Empire: The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France by Jennifer Pitts. A review of William Wilberforce: The Life of the Great Anti-Slave Trade Campaigner by William Hague; Abolition!: The Struggle to Abolish Slavery in the British Colonies by Richard S. Reddie; and The Trade, The Owner, The Slave by James Walvin (and more and more).  

A review of World War One: A Short History by Norman Stone. Nine decades ago the Royal Family switched to an English-sounding name because of anti-German feeling, as did some of their subjects. Is there an echo of this predicament today? From The Atlantic Monthly, a review of Europe At War 1939-1945: No Simple Victory by Norman Davies. A review of Fateful Choices: Ten Decisions That Changed the World, 1940-1941 by Ian Kershaw. A review of Absolute War: Soviet Russia in the Second World War by Chris Bellamy. A review of Hitler's Home Front: Württemberg under the Nazis by Jill Stephenson. A review of The Great Escape: Nine Jews Who Fled Hitler and Changed the World by Kati Marton (and more). The introduction to From Guilt to Shame: Auschwitz and After by Ruth Leys. A review of Churchill: The Unexpected Hero by Paul Addison. A review of Austerity Britain 1945-51 by David Kynaston. Graciana del Castillo and Edmund S. Phelps on the road to post-War recovery. A review of The Berlin Wall: 13 August 1961 – 9 November 1989 by Frederick Taylor (and more). An excerpt from The Logics and Politics of Post-WWII Migration to Western Europe by Anthony M. Messina. A certain way of being European: A review of In Europe: Travels through the twentieth century by Geert Mak.

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