Christopher Beauchamp (Brooklyn): Patenting Nature: A Problem of History. Paul Campos (Colorado): The Crisis of the American Law School. Steven J. Harper on law schools as profit centers. Abolish the law reviews: They're outdated, impractical, and slowly dying — it's time to put them to rest. The introduction to The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas by Zoltan Barany. Jake Klau on the search for the origin of life. The measure of Romney’s mendacity is his allies’ new argument — not that Romney isn’t an outrageous liar; that ship has sailed — but that politicians should never, ever call each other on it when they’re being, well, liars; when they do so, they aren’t merely uncivil, they’re fascist. From Logos, Rich Meagher on founding principles; prudence or principle? Benjamin Barber on why he will vote for Obama and why he won’t blame you this year if you don’t; and Jeff Madrick on the reluctant vote. Michael Warner reviews Secularism in Antebellum Americaby John Lardas Modern. Christian Christensen on why opposing islamophobia is not a defense of extremism.

From New York, what does the Brooklyn of the new Barclays Center have to do with the Brooklyns that came before it? Native son Mark Jacobson walks among the ghosts. Can Vice get 20-somethings to watch the news? This Brooklyn-based hipster outlet has exploded over the last decade. From Vice, is Brooklyn the new bohemian paradise? Molly Fischer reviews The Last Bohemia: Scenes from the Life of Williamsburg, Brooklyn by Robert Anasi. Joel Kotkin on the hollow boom of Brooklyn: Behind veneer of gentrification, life gets worse for many. Women behind bars: Closing a gender gap in Brooklyn. A magazine called Catherine Chung a Brooklyn writer to look out for — trouble was, she didn't live in Brooklyn, and never had. “There are more beards in Brooklyn”: Andrew Sullivan moves to Manhattan. Ghost sign stories: Photographer Frank Jump is haunted by New York’s “fading ads”. From 0 to 12 million square feet: Hudson Yards, Manhattan’s largest remaining chunk of emptiness, is about to become the city’s most massive real-estate development. Occupy Literature: David Ensminger on New York from Melville to the Beats.

Federico Gobbo (Univaq): Alan Turing, Creator of Artificial Languages. The Education of Tony Marx: After a rough start, the president of the New York Public Library now faces the challenge of bringing the institution into the 21st century without losing the social cachet it gained in the 20th. From The Christian Post, a look at how Hookers for Jesus founder Annie Lobert turned away from sex trade to serving God; and can your pro-life bumper sticker actually get you in trouble? From digital sweatshop to perk palace: Jeff Bercovici on why Gawker's Nick Denton started spoiling his staff. Stories from Gawker Media have been banned in at least three major Reddit forums after the community discovered that the identity of one its most controversial users may be revealed in an upcoming Gawker profile. How to shut down Reddit's CreepShots once and for all: Name names. Time might just be the most restrained news organization in the world, having been, apparently for more than a year, in possession of a cache of photographs of vice-presidential candidate Paul Ryan posing, clad in backwards baseball cap, with a set of weights.

The inaugural issue of Thought: A Journal of Philosophy is free online. From 3:AM, Ursula Renz does strenuous brooding on Spinoza’s ethics in Klagenfurt and Zurich — the results of this won a major prize; Frederick Beiser broods on the momentous German roots of philosophy so he never stops thinking about German rationalists, idealists, romantics and historicists; Valerie Tiberius is a switched on philosophy freak who gets high and hummin’ asking troublesome questions; and Michael Tye is the jumpin’ jack flashman of philosophy of mind, always updating his zap mind with rigorous brooding on the nature of phenomenal consciousness. From NDPR, Jeremy David Bendik-Keymer reviews of LoveKnowledge: The Life of Philosophy from Socrates to Derrida by Roy Brand; Dennis Whitcomb reviews of In Praise of Reason by Michael P. Lynch; and Stephen Darwall reviews Dignity: Its History and Meaning by Michael Rosen. From The Guardian, a series by Liz Williams on Karl Popper, the enemy of certainty. An interview with Nigel Warburton on introductions to philosophy. Philosophy and the two-sided brain: Carol Nicholson considers a possible source of two major differences in approach.

Laszlo Bruszt (EUI): The State of the Market: The Market Reform Debate and Postcommunist Diversity. Is the Scandinavian welfare state a model for Europe? A review of Europe’s Angry Muslims: The Revolt of the Second Generation by Robert S. Leiken. Martin W. Lewis on diagramming the area of French sovereignty. Who were the ancestors of the Polish middle class? Tomasz Zarycki is in search of a usable past. Macedonia’s cooling-off period: The country tries again to devise a single history curriculum for its different ethnicities, but one subject remains too hot to handle. A review of The Transformation of Europe’s Armed Forces: From the Rhine to Afghanistan by Anthony King. The world's biggest jigsaw puzzle: More than 20 years after the Berlin Wall fell, you might think the Stasi had been consigned to history. Keith Veronese on how your piece of the Berlin Wall is not special. Nick Anstead reviews Media Practices and Protest Politics: How Precarious Workers Mobilise by Alice Mattoni. Archaeological excavations carried out at the site of La Bastida (Totana, Murcia, in Spain) have exposed an imposing fortification system which is unique for its location and date; is this Europe’s first city?

Jorg Kammerhofer (Freiburg): Hans Kelsen in Post-Modern International Legal Scholarship. From Postmodern Openings, Antonio Pele (UC3): Understanding Human Dignity Redux; and Magdalena Roxana Necula, Simona Irina Damian, and Ovidiu Buena (UMFIASI): Humanist Therapies in Postmodernity. Industrially farmed and produced food has made Americans grow fatter over the past 40 years — the same business techniques and their medically disastrous effects are now being exported around the world. From Life’s Little Mysteries, why does wine go with cheese? Scientists have discovered why the world's most famous food pairings, from wine and cheese to meat sandwiches and a pickle, combine an astringent food with a fatty food. Anatoly Zak on the rest of the rocket scientists: Some went west — this is the story of the ones who went east. How does the language we speak affect the way we think? John A. Lucy’s unique answers to this question derive from his finding a middle ground between the opposing nativist universalist point of view and empiricist relativist stand. Factchecking is impossible, pointless, say factcheckers.

From io9, should we eliminate the human ability to feel pain? An interview with David Pearce, author of The Hedonistic Imperative, an influential online manifesto that urged the use of biotechnology to abolish suffering throughout the living world. John Cottingham on how the Swiss euthanasia clinic Dignitas claims to respect its patients' dignity, but secularism alone cannot confer moral value on human life. Dennis Trinkle reviews The Philosophical Foundations of Modern Medicine by Keekok Lee. From NYRB, may doctors help you to die? Marcia Angell wonders. Patient, heal thyself: Cutting-edge research in regenerative medicine suggests that the future of health care may lie in getting the body to grow new parts and heal itself. Edward Larkin reviews The Creative Destruction of Medicine: How the Digital Revolution Will Create Better Health Care by Eric Topol. The human microbiome: Looking at human beings as ecosystems that contain many collaborating and competing species could change the practice of medicine. How can bioscience push the limits of lifespan? We may be closer than most realize to significant increases in life expectancy. Cryonics photos delve into the frozen world of the immortality faithful.

Naomi Mezey (Georgetown): The Death of the Bisexual Saboteur. From Cato Journal, a special issue on William A. Niskanen. Luxembourg, population 524,853, is a founding member of the United Nations, and Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn is fighting to secure the country a temporary seat on the UN Security Council — is the Grand Dutchy big enough to land the job? Yair Rosenberg on why “The West Wing” is a terrible guide to American democracy. Emily Wilson reviews From Villain to Hero: Odysseus in Ancient Thought by Silvia Montiglio. What do recent instances of imaginative literature make of the affliction of terrorism and the tragedy of war? Nandini Ramachandran investigates. Henry Blodget on why it's time people realized that The Drudge Report is a major media property worth hundreds of millions of dollars. Researchers have found exact spot where Julius Caesar was stabbed. Bad news, rap dudes: Turns out Rihanna is now the most “Liked” person on Facebook. The universe and us: In the grand scheme of things, how important are we? A review of The God Problem: How a Godless Cosmos Creates by Howard Bloom.

From Logos, Stephen Eric Bronner on the Right, the Left, the election: The Tea Party, Occupy Wall Street, and the presidential campaign of 2012; Rogers M. Smith on progressivism, polarization, and the 2012 election; Chip Berlet on voting for Democrats — and then organizing to kick their butts; Claire Snyder-Hall on the King of the 1% v. the American republic; John Ehrenberg on how to kill a vampire; Steve Early on labor’s quadrennial condition — between a rock and a hard place; Lauren Langman on why Obama will win the election and the Left should hope so; Judith Stein on the day after election day. From The Christian Post, Wallace Henley on 7 things to expect in a second Obama Administration; and why would God give us Obama or Romney? From Harper’s, Jeff Madrick on why Jack Welch knows about changing numbers. From Forbes, Clare O'Connor on billionaires bashing Obama: The most scathing rants, tweets and quotes from the 1% (and more). From Frontline, a new episode on The Choice 2012: A journey into the places, people, and decisive moments that made the men who are competing for the presidency.

Birger Heldt (Folke Bernadotte): Genocide Intent and Randomness of Killings of Civilians. From Forward, no straight path from dogma to dissent: Vasily Grossman went from apologist to Treblinka chronicler; and the numbers tattooed on the skin of concentration camp victims rank among the most horrifying images of the Holocaust. Charles Carter reviews The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire by Taner Akcam. LINKDavid Livingstone Smith on his book Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others. Yale historian Timothy Snyder explains Bloodlands and its transnational narrative of the Holocaust. Cecile Alduy interviews Philip Gourevitch, author of We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families: Stories from Rwanda. How judges look to history to make more sense of war crimes and genocide: Tara O’Leary reviews Writing History in International Criminal Trials by Richard Ashby Wilson. A new United Nations study exploring the ways schools around the world address the subject of the Holocaust. In the heart of the DR Congo: Andre Vltchek on the most brutal genocide money can buy.